Category Archives: Newspapers

Old Irish Newspaper Abstracts

We do have some old newspaper abstracts on this website (which can be found here) and I always remember one day as I was copying some material in the National Library in Dublin laughing to myself because life had not changed that much.  The bit I was transcribing was advising people to take their keys out of their front doors because thieves were just able to walk into houses.  The thing is, the paper had been published in the 1830’s, and then it was about 2006, and only that week my mother had begun to bring her car key into the house at night instead of leaving it sitting in the car.  My mother was a medical Doctor and getting called out at night was a regular thing so leaving her key in the car saved her the trouble of having to look for it when called out.

Ireland Old News – a newspaper site giving ‘abstracts’ from Old Irish Newspapers. Came across this website earlier today (I had forgotten it!)  and I am or was the 399248th visitor since the year 2000.

Ireland Old News

We tend to forget the things that so many people have done, especially in this day and age of advanced technology.  Many of you don’t remember the days when the Irish Census returns were not on the internet, many of you don’t know about the days when you had to go to the Irish Civil Records office to get the references for births, marriages and deaths.  Today, we can get those references if they exist on the internet (for the most part).  We all forget so easily about how it was so hard back then and about what we owe to the dedicated people who transcribed material and put it up on the net for the rest of us to see.

Ireland Old News contributors:
Cathy Joynt Labath who I believe did most of the transcribing and who created the website.
Jim McNamara (and I think he told me recently it was 1999 we first met) and
Brian Magaoidh who I am still in contact with.
Alison & Kathryn who I knew through lists.
Dennis Ahearne (RIP) who contributed so much to people researching their Irish ancestry.

Some examples of the earliest years covered for any county – extracts from other newspapers are included on the site, I’ve just taken the first extract for any county as an example.

The Armagh Guardian, Dec 3rd, 1844
Cavan Herald, July 14, 1818
Ennis Chronicle (Co. Clare), 1793
Corke Journal, 1756
Londonderry Journal (Derry) 1772
Ballyshannon Herald 1832 (Donegal)
Dublin 1705
The Enniskillen Chronicle & Erne Packet 1813 (Fermanagh) Connaught Journal, Galway 1823
The Kerry Examiner, 1847
The Kildare Observer 1915
The Kilkenny Independent 1826
The Leitrim Journal & Carrick-on-Shannon Advertiser 1868 The Limerick Chronicle 1769
The Drogheda Conservative, or Meath, Louth, Monaghan and Cavan Advertser 1837
The Ballina Chronicle, 1849 (Mayo)
The Meath Chronicle 1899
The Northern Standard, & Monaghan, Cavan and Armagh Advertiser 1839
The Midland Tribune, 1901 (Offaly/King’s Co.)
Roscommon & Leitrim Gazette,, 1822
Sligo Champion, 1887
The Clonmel Advertiser, 1818 (Tipperary)
The Strabane Morning Post, 1812 (Tyrone)
Jackson’s Oxford Journal 1804 (Waterford)
Belfast Newsletter (Antrim & Down) 1749
The Bray & South Dublin Herald, 1916 (Wicklow)
The Newry Commercial Telegraph, 1813 (Co. Down)

The Munster News and Limerick and Clare Advocate, April 2, 1887

A letter was read from the Mother Superioress of the Sisters of Mercy, Charleville, calling the attention of the Board to the unfinished state of the new building in course of erection, for the Sisters of Mercy, at present occupying an unsanitary dormitory in a part of the house. She considers the work is too long in hands, and threatens to withdraw the nuns from the hospital if they be allowed to pass another winter in their present apartments.

The matter was referred to the Clerk of Works who reported that the work would be finished in a fortnight.

Notice of Eviction
The Right Hon. Wm. Charles Evans Freke, of Glastoe, Uppingham, Rutlandshire, in Englnd, surviving trustee of the estate, plaintiff.
John C(?)amis of Ballygrennan, in the county of Limerick, Defendant.

Mr. O’Gorman : They are getting pluck now. Coercion is coming.

The Election of Medical Officer
The Clerk read a telegram received in the last day from the local Government Board, stating that they would sanction Dr. Clery’s appointment to the Dispensary, provided he resigned that of the Workhouse.
An uninteresting discussion arose as to whether Dr. Clery’s letter on the last day was an absolute resignation of the Workhouse appointment, the condition implied therein having been fulfilled by the telegram from the Local Government Board.
Mr. O’Sullivan looked on it only as a conditional resignation, and also thought the telegram conditional.
Mr. Weldon expected to have a formal resignation from Dr. Clery today.
Mr. Daly thought that Dr. Clery had not yet resigned.
Mr. m. J. Condon asked if Dr. Clery’s resignation were accepted on last Board day, what was to prevent them from accepting it now, and giving an opportunity to the Local Government to sanction it by this day week.
Mr. Hogan held they had not Dr. Clery’s legal resignation or his legal sanction for the other appointment from the Local Government Board.
Mr. Meagher proposed the following resolution:-
That this board respectfully solicit the Local Government Board to refuse to accept the appointment of Dr. Clery to either the Kilmallock Dispensary District or the Workhouse Hospital on account of the utter disregard he has repeatedly shown to the resolutions of the Board.” (some laughter)
Mr. O’Donnell: (ironically) : That is a good sensible one
Mr. Meagher : The new board will have the privilege of electing the officers that will satisfy them for the coming year. I think it is right to make a fair start as we have been kept at bay so long by one individual.
The Chairman: I would never feel myself justified in receiving this resolution even though it had been seconded, because I don’t believe it is a correct element of facts.
Mr. Meagher got no seconder for his resolution, and subsequently withdrew it, but asked the Press to state the fact that the Chairman refused to receive it, the latter again remarking that the facts were incorrectly stated in it.
In reply to some observations of Mr. Weldon’s that Dr. Clery had been badly advised by his friends.
Mr. P. D. Cleary stated that he had no conversation whatever with Dr. Clery as to the course he should pursue. The reason he (Dr. Clery) did not think it necessary to send in a further letter of resignation was owing to the fact that advertisements inviting candidates for the vacant workhouse appointment, having been inserted in “The Munster news” it was naturally supposed that his former letter was regarded as quite sufficient.
Finally, it was decided on one motion of Mr. Clery to accept Dr. Clery’s resignation on his letter of the last day, and to appoint a medical officer to the Workhouse on next Thursday, Dr. Clery acting in that capacity in the meantime.

The concentration of the report of the special committee was postponed to next day and the Board adjourned at a late hour.
Taken from “The Munster News and Limerick and Clare Advocate”,
April 2, 1887

Kilmallock Union Board, April 1887 – Kilmallock Union Financial Management, April 1887 – Arrest of Father Matt Ryan – Miscellaneous Munster, Limerick & Clare News, April 1887

Inquest at Caragh, Co. Kildare, 1845

The inquest on the body of Donelly was held on Friday last, in the school house of Caragh – belonging to the Rev. Thomas Tierney, P.P., who kindly gave the use of it for this occasion – before Thomas Harrisson, Esq., Coroner,  J. Dopping, Esq., was also present. Several witnesses were examined with great acuteness by the Rev. Mr. Tierney, – who evinced the greatest anxiety to bring this dreadful deed to light – and by Mr. Dopping ; but we regret to say that no testimony whatever could be obtained to lead to the knowledge of the guilty parties.

The first witness examined was John Losty, who knew nothing more of the transaction than that he saw deceased for a few minuets shortly before he was murdered, and had a conversation with him. Anne M’Gowan and Anne Ennis, the persons who were in company with the deceased when he was attacked (but who were not relatives as stated in last week’s ‘Express’) were the next witnesses examined. They deposed that they joined company with the deceased on the evening in question , and that on coming near the village of Caragh, two men dressed in black, who lay in wait, leaped from behind the ditch, and proceeded to attack deceased who defended himself with a crutch which he was in habit of using, having been afflicted with lameness ; one of the men exclaimed to the other “d…n you, why don’t you drive it though him?” on which a pistol was discharged at deceased. The two women immediately alarmed the neighbourhood, but no traces of the murderers could be discovered. Both witnesses prevaricated very much in their testimony and both persevered in denying all knowledge of the murderers. Bridget Donelly, wife of the deceased and other relatives, who, it appears lived on bad terms with each other, were minutely examined, but they all persisted in saying they knew nothing of the transaction. Dr. Walsh, Naas, deposed that he had examined the body, and that his death had been caused by gun-shot wound through the organs of the eyes, causing a fracture of the skull. Mr. Currin of Naas also gave similar testimony. After a patient enquiry of several hours, the jury found a verdict of “willful murder against some persons unknown. Thus this deed of darkness remains at present in obscurity. But, we trust it will not be long until it is brought to light.

Taken from:
The King’s Co. Chronicle
Vol. 1 No. 3
Wednesday, Oct 6th, 1845

An Old Murder “Trial”, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, 1821

AN OLD MURDER “TRIAL” AT CLONMEL IN THE DAYS OF JUDGE NORBURY
from “The Nationalist” Newspaper

In the year 1821 the times in Ireland, particularly in the county of Tipperary, were very disturbed, several murders (including landlords) having taken place. This gruesome year, with the object of carrying out some Government business of importance, I was ordered to visit the south of Ireland. I arrived about one o’clock on the 24th March at Clonmel, and having engaged my bed and ordered dinner, decided on going into the court-house, which was close at hand. It occurred to me that I would see how business was conducted in an Irish court-house, and that perhaps I might be fortunate enough to be present at the hearing of a “sensational case. On going into the court-house I found the hall, which is a large one, crowded by military and police. Observing a smart-looking police sergeant, I addressed him, telling who I was, and expressing a wish to be accommodated with a seat in court. “The court, sir,” he said, “is just now very much crowded,” as a murder case of great importance is being called ; but as the grand jury are now discharged, I will be able to procure you a seat in their gallery.” With the sergeant I entered the gallery by a large winding stair. Here I was afforded a full view of the court and all that was passing. The court itself I found not a large one. It had a fine judicial seat, occupied by the Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Toler (Lord Norbury). There were other galleries, one in front of the bench, the others at each side, with a large dock in the centre, having a large iron railing around it.

Just as I took my seat, the case of the King against James Driscoll, for the murder of Charles Baker, a large landed proprietor residing near Cappawhite, was beginning. After several jurors were ordered to stand aside, and others challenged by the prisoner’s attorney, the jury was sworn, and the prisoner given them in charge. The prisoner was a smart-looking fellow, some twenty-eight years of age, with a determined look. He pleaded “Not guilty.” The court itself was over-crowded. Great excitement was visible everywhere.

The counsel for the Crown, Mr. Scott, stated the case, giving an alarming picture of the state of the country. There were, he said, murders – awful murders – of frequent occurrence, and the present case was one of the worst. Unless the strong arm of the law was able to meet and crush such fearful deeds, juries and judges doing their part, there would be no living in the country, as law and order were unhinged.

The first witness called merely proved the finding of the dead body. The next witness proved seeing the prisoner and a person named Jack Crowe together on the evening of the murder, close to Mr. Baker’s residence.

A great scene was then witnessed in court. A witness was presented who proved too many for judge and counsel. I never before or since saw or read of such a clever fellow: These Tipperary people are, no doubt, a strong and active race.

John Crowe, the prisoner’s former friend, was called to the witness table, having turned king’s evidence. He came forward amidst intense excitement. After being duly sworn, and having given his name, he was ordered to sit down. At this moment the court was as still as the grave .

Mr. Scott, Crown Counsel. – Witness, your name is John Crowe.
Witness made no reply.
Counsel.- Why don’t you answer my question?
Court. – Answer counsel’s question, sir.
Witness. – My lord, he has put me no question. He appears to know my name. He says it is John Crowe, and so it is.
Counsel (a little confused).- You are living close to the prisoner at the bar.
Witness made no reply.
Counsel.–Why don’t you answer my question?
Judge (sharply) – Why don’t you answer counsel’s question
Witness – Counsel put no question. He says I am living close to the prisoner in the dock, and so I am, as every one in court can see. (There was great excitement in the court at this answering.)
Court – Don’t you know sir, that counsel means when you are at home?
Witness – I don’t know what is passing through his mind. I only know what is passing through his lips, and he has addressed me in the present tense. (Sensation in Court)
Counsel – What is the prisoner?
Witness – He is a man.
Counsel – Does he earn his bread by the sweat of his brow?
Witness – that is a queer question – Does he earn his bread by the sweat of his brow? I suppose the sweat on his brow was produced by the use of bread r other food (Great commotion in court, and cries of “Bravo, Crowe”)
Counsel.- Does he earn his bread as a farm labourer?
Witness .- I don’t believe he earns any bread. But I will tell you what I believe and know – he earns potatoes and milk, the common food of the country, three times a day. (Court awfully disturbed.)
Counsel.- You are, I believe, a friend of the prisoner?
Witness.- So you say.
Counsel.- Do you remember 20th January last?
Witness.- I do.
Counsel. – Were you in his company that night ?
Witness. – For a time.
Counsel. – Near Mr. Baker’s house?
Witness. – So you say.
Counsel. – Was the night a bright night?
Witness. – Well, at this distance of time I can’t positively say. After the occurrence, and while the matter was fresh in my memory, I stated it all truly and honestly in an information, which I swore before Mr. Jordan, and if you read that I will swear to every word in it.
Counsel.- I am reading, sir, from your information.
Witness.- No, sir, you are not – you are reading from a brief, made of my information by some clerk. I don’t know what he has written in your brief, I want my information.
Court (to the clerk of the Crown).- Get the information.
Clerk of the Crown. – We can’t find the document in court.
judge. – Let a search be made for it in the Crown office. I will return to court in half-an-hour.

After the adjournment, the judge addressed the clerk of the Crown. – Have you found the missing information ? Clerk of the Crown. – After a most careful search, it is not forthcoming, and no one can account for its missing .

Judge (horrified). – Here is a nice business! So great a miscarriage of justice I never witnessed or heard of.

Crown Counsel. – I will ask your lordship to withdraw this case from the jury in order that it may be again be brought on. There is some foul play .

Judge – I can’t do that; the jury have been regularly empanelled. The prisoner has been put to plead ,and given in charge, and several witnesses examined. Owing to some misconduct in the Crown office the prosecution has fallen through. This is the most remarkable case I have ever had before me. The approver or Crown witness have made a laughing-stock of the court. Let the prisoner be discharged. (Great applause in Court.)

Judge (to Witness) – Where did you go to school? You are the smartest chap I have ever had before me.
Witness: As for school, my lord, I might say I never went to school. At school all I learnt was my letters. I got an old spelling-book, and after much trouble I came on in spelling words, and then I got an old grammar and stUdied it, so as that I got to know some of its meaning.

Here the court broke up in confusion, and I left with a vivid memory of a most notable official fiasco, on the first muRder “trial” I witnessed in the capital of gallant Tipperary.

Taken from My Clonmel Scrapbook
Compiled & Edited James White
Second 1000 ; Published E. Downey & Co., Waterford ; 1907 ; No. ISBN

Echoes From the Comeragh Mountains, Waterford

To the editor of the “Clonmel Chronicle” W. S.

Sir,-As I sat by my tent fire this evening, the spirit moved me to address a letter to a local journal, giving expression to the feelings of pleasure and gratitude which I experience at the great kindness shown to me by all those with whom I have come in contact. I came here partly on account of health, and partly to paint pictures of the wild and beautiful scenery. Before leaving London my wife (who has never visited the Emerald Isle) expressed doubts of my safety, and hoped I would not get shot; but I assured her that the Irish were kind and hospitable to strangers, and would cer-tainly not shoot an artist who could paint such good pictures as I intended to do of their beautiful country. I have travelled in many countries, but I never met with much real kind attention as I have met with here. An artist can’t get on without this, He is con-stantly wanting something – some of his apparatus carried, or himself (I have been carried through bogs) – subjects , both human and animal , as models – food and drink in out-of-way places and hours – and interest in his occupation. I find myself here among people who seem ever ready to help me, and if I thank them they say, “Sure it is nothing yer honour ; God help ye, and are ye not painting beautiful pictures of the country entirely?”

Before I set up a tent, I went to stay in a cottage by the side of Ischisolis (Stream of Light). Why, the very name was enough to tempt me to brave any discommforts-poetical as well as classical-“solis,” of course, being one of the numerous Latin words which occur in the Irish language. Well, I did pictures of Ischi-solis and Coumshenaun Lake, which is certainly one of the most weird, wild, and awfully picturesque places I ever saw; my host and hostess vied with each other in showing me attention, and I think felt really sorry when I left them. Had I been able to paint figures like a Wilkie or a Webster, I should not have painted the scenery, but the pretty daughter of my host, who, feeding the chickens, or fetching water, or mending the fire, or the stockings, in everything she did was unconsciously appearing like a perfect picture. One evening we had a visitor, who impressed me so much that I feel inclined to say a few words about him. A fine-looking young man, with such charming manners that he might have been a gentleman in disguise, came apparently to chat and smoke, but possibly with the idea of “coorting.” If so I fear he must have been disappointed, for the lovely damsel was even more quiet, cold, and dignified than usual; may be, however, that I am no judge of the courting here; but to return to the man-he was a casual reaper, earning a precarious 3s. a day-so superior in appearance and manners to any reaper I ever saw that I should have taken him for a man in a much higher position but for his dress. He spoke with striking intelligence about the war ‘in the East ; and after singing a song, which I praised very much, he said, “Oh yes, even a small national song of any country is sure to be interesting,” and we talked about Moore’s melodies, of whuich he knew much more than I did.

The puzzle to me was, that he should be so happy and contented with his present lot, for he seemed to me physically and mentally capable of quickly raising himself to a much higher position (and then he might marry the beautiful E–, who, by-the-bye, sang two songs, after being much importuned).

Generally speaking, I notice a want of robustness, which, I fancy, comes from poor feeding. Potatoes eaten alone are not good, but mashed up with butter, and as an accompaniment to other food, would do very well. Tea, as in Scotland, has suddenly become a necessary, and I suspect that often too much of it is taken. I should like to see tins of Australian meat consumed at all events once or twice a week, and more rice, cocoa, and coffee used. ,It is evident that a kindly disposed landed proprietor here can do any-thing he likes with the tenants, and I fear they would quicklydeteriorate under bad rule. This leads me to say a few words about the very unusual good feeling and cordiality which seems to exist between the Catholics and Protestants. I have tried to get some. of the small farmers and peasants to talk about re-ligion, but with the instinctive good taste and refine-ment which distinguish them, they evidently think it better not to say too much to a Protestant. Nothing will make me belileve that they look on me as an English Roman Catholic would do, as a doomed heretic. Our Clergy, I am told, are on the best terms, generally with the priests.

As I ammore than half Scotch, and an intense admirer of a people who have made the most wonderful advance in civilisation and material prosperity which history records, I hoe that I may be allowed to criticise them. Travelling in Scotland as an artist, I find less refinement and civility than I meet with here-in fact, conspicuous by their absence are the qualities which I admire so much among the Irish. I refer to the Lowland Scotch when I say this, and not to the Gaelic-speaking Highlanders, who are very similar to the Irish. I am glad to find, however, that the Scotch agents generally are praised for their fairness and kindness to the tenants.

The clannish feeling here is so strong, and the people are so devoted to a kind proprietor, whether absent or resident, that I rather wonder absentee proprietors, who have occasion to employ workmen and labourers, do not employ their own tenants. This would be a mutual advantage, for it is said that even some of my amiable friends here, who are lazy about work, will labour with a right good will when away from home, and they would surely do this for a popular pro-prietor, and as rivals to spoilt and overpaid English workmen.

I am taking home many unfinished pictures and studies of the varied and picturesque scenery about here; and often, when working upon them through the winter, shall I think of the many small and great acts of kindness which I have received from poor and rich in this, to me, most interesting country. The tent was kindly lent to me by a doctor, whose valuable and gratuitous services among the poor here are much spoken of. Without mentioning his name, I may say that the echoes chiefly come from Coumgouha (the Lake of Echoes) and from Coumshenaun and the Mahon Glen, where the good deeds of those who have been the owners of the land for centuries are too well known for me to mention them.

The Nation Newspaper, 1840s

The first edition of ‘The Nation’ was published on 15th October 1842. The founders of the Nation newspaper were three young men – two of whom were Catholics and one a Protestant, but all free from the ‘slightest taint of bigotry and anxious to unite all creeds and classes for the country’s welfare.’ They were Charles Gavan Duffy who became editor; Thomas Osborne Davis and John Blake Dillon.

The following was said of the Nation in ‘The Young Irelanders’ written by T.F. O’Sullivan and published in 1944.

“There has never been published in this, or any other country, a journal, which was imbued with higher ideals of nationality, which attracted such a brilliant band of writers in prose and verse, which inspired such widespread enthusiasm, or which exercised a greater influence over al classes of its readers, which after a time included every section of the community.

The Nation preached a nobler and more self-sacrificing Gospel of Nationality than Irishmen and women had been accustomed to hear for many years.

It sought, not only to disinfect the political life of the country, but to raise the whole standard of national self-respect based on the inalienable right of people to guard their own destinies; to inculcate a sentiment of pride in Ireland and everything Irish -in our history, legends, language and literature; in our music and in our art; in our magnificent contributions to the culture and civilisation of other countries; in our sacred ruins scattered throughout the land and in lonely islands off our coasts, silently preaching silent sermons on Irish sanctity, learning and foreign rapacity; in our heroic struggle for Freedom throughout the ages; in the brilliant achievements of our soldiers on the continent of Europe and in America, where they helped the oppressed colonists to achieve their independence – and it strove to regenerate the motherland intellectually, spiritually, socially and nationally.

The Nation was a great educational agency – the greatest that ever was conducted from a newspaper office in Ireland. “It wound itself into the fibre of the Irish heart” – quote Sir Charles Gavan Duffy – one of the three founders of the Nation – “The poor peasants clubbed their pence that they might hear on their only day of rest what they could do for the Cause; the young tradesmen to whom it had become almost as necessary as their daily bread, clung to it. The Conservative students enjoyed it as a stolen pleasure, trembling to be caught in an act of Patriotism; the Irish exiles in England or France, or felling forests in Canada, or digging railways in the Western Republic, who still longed like their predecessors two generations earlier, to hear, ‘how was old Ireland, and how did she stand’; the poor Irish soldier who stole into a secret place with his treasure; the young priest who judged it with his own brain and conscience, not by the word of command, cherished it the more for the dangers that it ran”

In inspiring prose and soul-stirring verse the great epic events in Ireland’s history and distinguished Irish people who had achieved fame in all walks of life – saints, sculptors, authors, scholars, national leaders, martyrs, dramatists, novelists, orators and wits were made familiar to Irish people.

Irish antiquities were invested with a new interest. Crumbling shrines were once more filed with holy men and saintly women and the clash of arms and fierce battle cries were heard again on many battlefields long since the graveyards of brave men – of savage Viking, of armoured knight and of Irish gallowglass. Cairns, beehive cells, cromlechs, Ogham stones and battered castles took on new meaning. Irish history became a fascinating romance, with some dark episodes of foreign tyranny and native treachery.

The nobility of sacrifice in the national interest was preached as a cardinal virtue. The slave mind and the anti-Irish Irishman were held up to contempt and the responsibility of our countrymen for their own enslavement emphasised.

The right to nationhood of a people long submerged industrially, commercially, politically and socially was boldly proclaimed, and the crimes and intrigues of the invader exposed. At the same time, it was pointed out that the people should make themselves fit for freedom, and that they had duties to discharge, one to the other, and all to the nation, as well as rights to gain. Every phase of Irish life was critically examined and remedies suggested where weaknesses were revealed.

Above all, the Nation brought a message of hope and encouragement to the Irish, taught them self reliance, gave them a higher conception of nationality and urged union of all Irishmen – Catholic, Protestant, Dissenter, Orangeman and Repealer – in order to achieve definite national objectives.

It is not surprising that a paper of such a character should make an earnest appeal to thinking Irishmen and women who had not lost all sense of national self-respect; and that it’s appearance wach week should be looked forward to with keenest interest in all parts of the country, and that its influence should be felt in the castle and in the cottage.”

What others have said of itBarry O’Brien biographer of Parnell and of Lord Russell of Killowen stated that “The articles in prose and verse revealed fervent, well informed and high minded patriotism which captivated Ireland. They recalled memories which made our people proud of their country and filled them with detestation of the power which had destroyed its freedom”

Lecky in his ‘Leaders of Public Opinion in Ireland’ wrote, “The Nation enthusiastically supported it (the doctrine of Nationality), and great efforts were made to revive, or strengthen, everything distinctive in Irish Nationality. The old names, which had been anglicised or forgotten, were restored. Irish history, traditions and antiquities were much studied. Historical associations connected with different localities were collected. Davis ardently threw himself into the movement for teaching and diffusing the Irish language.”

T.W. Rolleston in his Treasury of Irish Poetry said “The Nation poets, inspired, almost recreated, Ireland; and their work still continues to inspire Irishmen all over the world with its Nationalising spirit. It became impossible after the songs of the Nation were collected and published, for England or Europe ot America to either forget or ignore the passion for Nationality in the hearts of the Irish”.

A.M. Sullivan wrote:

“It was not a newspaper so much as a great popular educator – a counsellor and guide. Its office a sort of bureau of national affairs, political, literary, industrial and artistic, its editorial room was the rendezvous of the ‘youthful enthusiasts’ as the older school of politicians called them: orators, poets, writers, artists.”

ÂÂ
The Contributers The contributors in addition to the founders included
James Clarence Mangan, (1803-1849). born, Dublin. Poet, essayist, translator.
Denis Florence McCarthy (1817-1882). born, Dublin. Poet, translator & biographer
Father C. P. Meehan
Father John Kenyon (1812-1869). born Co. Tipperary.
Thomas Francis Meagher (1823-1867), born Waterford. Brigadier General US Civil War
William Smith O’Brien M.P (1803-1864) born Co. Clare. Irish Nationalist & Minister of Parliament. Son of Sir Edward O’Brien

William Carleton (b1794), Co. Tyrone. Although he wrote for the Nation he regarded Duffy and Davis as ‘insane politicians’

Denny Lane (1818-1895) b. Cork. Poet, Scholar, Businessman & politician. Author of ‘Carrigdhoun’

Thomas MacNevin b. Dublin, barrister, author of ‘History of Volunteers of 1782’ amongst others. Brother to Capt. Edmund McNevin, San Francisco

John Mitchel (1815-1875), b. Londonderry, voice of Southern American viewpoint in US 1850’s & 1860’s. Elected to British House of Commons but disqualified

Richard Dalton Williams, M.D.
Michael Doheny (1805-1863), poet. Lawyer & soldier in the U.S. with the Fenian Brotherhood
Martin MacDermott (1823-1905)
John Thomas campion

Thomas D’Arcy Mcgee (1825-1868), b. Louth. Elected to 1st Canadian parliament 1867, assinated 1868.

John O’Hagan – Judge
Michael Joseph Barry
Michael Joseph McCann
John Kells Ingram
Edward Walsh
John Keegan
William Drennan
John Cashel Hoey
Dr. R. R. Madden
James Fintan Lalor
Father P. O’Brien Davern
James McBurney
Thomas Devin Reilly
John Edward Pigot
Arthur Gerald Geoghegan
John Fisher Murray
John Walsh
J.D. Frazer
William Pembroke Mulchinock
John Cornelius O’callaghan
W. J. O’Neill Daunt
Bartholomew Dowling
Hugh Harkin
K.T. Buggy
Charles Kickham
Dr. Robert Dwyer Joyce
Terence MacMahon Hughes
Dr. John Thomas Campion

And others…………

O’Donovan and O’Curry the Irish scholars became subscribers to the journals from the start and co operated with Davis in presenting to the public the correct spelling of Irish names which had been changed.

Samuel Ferguson who founded the Protestant Repeal Association came to sympathise with the aims of the journal.

William Elliot Hudson provided suitable airs for a number of the lyrics from the Nation when they were published in book form.

Women also contributed:
Jane Francesca Elgee: Lady Wilde (mother of Oscar Wilde)
Elizabeth Willoughby Treacy
Mary Eva Kelly
Ellen Mary Patrick Downing

King’s County Chronicle, October 1845

The King’s County Chronicle, General Advertiser for the Unions of Parsonstown, Tullamore and Roscrea, Vol. 1 – No. 1, Parsonstown, Wednesday September 24, 1845

Prospectus for the King”s County Chronicle.

First publication Wednesday, September 24th, 1845

Our Prospectus
The leading object of this Journal will be to afford that attention to the interests of the King’s County, which its importance demands, whether as regards its central position, its agricultural and mercantile resources, or its rank, wealth and intelligence: in short, to give the county the full advantages of an efficient LOCAL JOURNAL.

The conductors of the King’s County Chronicle are experienced at the Press; and possessing a perfect knowledge of the local affairs of this portion of the Kingdom with other peculiar facilities, they will be enabled to produce a Journal worthy the distinguished character of the King’s County, and well deserving of extensive support.

The present is deemed a most favourable opportunity for the success of such an undertaking – when Railway intercourse must speedily bring into operation all those capabilities which conduce to the development of the vast internal resources of the country; and towards the success of which a newspaper is a most useful medium in any locality desirous to share in the general improvement.

The Agricultural, Commercial and Mercantile intelligence will be given from the best sources of information. The Mark-Lane Market of the previous Monday, and the Dublin Corn Return of Tuesday, will be obtained in time for immediate publication; while the ‘Stock and Share List’ will be quoted up to the latest period.

As an Advertising medium it will be found very advantageous, a Newspaper being the most suitable and effective medium of publicity; and from the extensive district with which this Journal will be identified, and the respectable classes by which it will be perused, the Chronicle must become a useful and efficient means of public communication.

The King’s County Chronicle will be published every Wednesday at 3 o’clock, by F. H. Shields, Parsonstown, and forwarded by that day’s mail in time for delivery same evening in the neighbouring towns. Subscription (payable in advance) : One Year : £1 : 1s: 8d ; Half-Year : 11s. Quarter: 6s.

Orders will be received –
In London – By Messrs Barker & Co., 33 Fleet street; H. Brooks, ?18 Warwick Square, Paternoster Row ; R. Mitchell, 12 Red Lion Court ; Newtown & Co. Warwick-Square.

In Dublin – At the Metropolitan Office of the King’s County Chronicle.

Tullamore – R. Willis

And by the several News Agents throughout the United Kingdom.

Co. Antrim

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

The Late Case of Embezzlement in Belfast.
It will be the recollection of our readers, that several months ago a young man named Briggs, a clerk in the employment of Wm. Garner, Esq., of Belfast, had absconded, carrying with him a considerable sum of money which had been paid into the office during Mr. Garner’s temporary absence; and that, notwithstanding the efforts which were made at the time by the police to discover the place of his retreat, he succeeded in escaping to America. It was afterwards determined that the culprit should be followed, and in case it would be required, the warrant for his arrest was signed by Sir James Graham, which, under the late treaty, authorized the officer of Justice in pursuit to enter the States. The person selected for this important duty was M’Williams, one of the Belfast detective force, and who, if the report at present in town is found to be accurate, has acquitted himself in a most creditable manner.
Not credited to any newspaper

Wednesday, October 29th, 1845. Vol. 1. No. 6

The Great Hibernian Central Junction Railway
Registered Provisionally

Capital £2,000,000, in 80,000 shares of £25 each –
Deposit £2 12s. 6d., per share.
Power will be taken by the Act to allow four per cent upon the calls.

Provisional Committee
(with power to add to their number)
The Right Hon. John Ladaveze Arabin, Lord Mayor of Dublin.
The Most Noble the Marquis of Ormonde,
The Right Hon. Earl of Devon,
The Right Hon. the Earl of Orkney
The Right Hon. the Earl of Limerick,
The Right Hon. the Earl of Gosford, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Armagh,
The Right Hon. Lord Blayney
The Right Hon. Lord Rossmore, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Monaghan,
The Right Hon. Lord Cremorne
The Right Hon. Lord Dunalley
The Right Hon. Lord Castlemaine
The Count D’Alton
The Hon. Henry Walker
The Hon. John H. Knox, Director of the Newry & Enniskillen Railway
The Hon. F. A. Prittie
The Hon. George Handcock, Chairman of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
The Hon. Charles Handcock
Sir Thomas Barrett Lennard, Bart.
Sir Anthony Weldon, Bart.
Sir Edward H. Walsh, Bart.
Sir George Forster, Bart.
Sir Edmund Waller, Bart.
Sir James Murray, Merrion Square Dublin
Sir John N. R. Campbell, 10 Harley street (London, England) ; Director of the Penninsular & Oriental Steam Company
Francis Carleton, Esq., Director of the Penninsular & Oriental Steam Company
James Hartley, Esq., Director of the Penninsular & Oriental Steam Company
Thomas Gill, Esq., M. P., Plymouth, Chairman of the South Devon Railway
Fitzstephen French, Esq., M.P., Chairman of the Irish Great Western Railway
The Very Rev. Dean of Ardfert
The Very Rev. the Dean of Ross, Director of the Ulster Railway
Cornelius O’Brien, Esq., M.P.
Peter Kirk, Esq., M.P.
John Goddard, Esq., Chairman of the Ulster Railway
William Graham, Esq., Lisburn, Director of the Ulster Railway
John Rannie, Esq., 5, Lower Belgrave street, London
James J. Kinloch, Esq., Gloucester road, Victoria Gate, London, Director of the Newry & Enniskillen Railway
John M’Neile, Esq., J.P., and D.L., Parkmount, Belfast, Director of the Northern Banking Company, and of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
John Thomson, Esq., Low Wood, Belfast, Director of the Belfast Banking Company, and of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
John Harrison, Esq., Belfast, Director of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
Wm. (William) Humphreys, Esq., J. P., and D. L., Ballyhaise House, Cavan
Thomas Harkness, Esq., Writer, Stranraer, commissary clerk of Drumfriesshire, Member of the Provisional Committee of the Bristol and Irish Union Railway
Abram Campbell, Esq., Stranraer, Member of the Provisional Committee of the Bristol and Irish Union Railway
Hugh Barton, Esq., Straffan, Kildare
William T. Osborne, Esq., Beechwood, Tipperary
Jos. (Joseph) Thompson, Esq., John Street, Bedford Row, Director of London & Brighton, and of the Kilkenny and Youghal Railways
Col. H. Dwyer, J. P., Ballyquirk Castle, Tipperary
Colonel Wray Palliser, Derryluskan, Tipperary
Charles Grappy Burke, Esq., Dublin
John Ross Mahon, Esq., Dublin
Robert H. Kinahan, Esq., J. P., Alderman, Dublin
Luke White, Esq., J. P. Rathcline, Longford
Isaac M. D’Olier, Esq., Dublin, Director of the Bank of Ireland
A.M. M’Moran, Esq., Cambridge Street, Hyde Park Square, London, Director of the East and West Junction Railway
John W. Fitzpatrick, Esq., J. P., Lisduff, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Charles Doyne, Esq., Newtown Park, Dublin
Michael Furnell, Esq., D. L., and J. P., Caher Elly Castle, Limerick.
Thomas Lloyd, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Beechmount, Limerick
W. Cope Cooper, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Cooper Hill, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Samuel Garnett., Esq., J. P., Arch-hall, Meath
Henry Thompson, Esq., Dublin
Robert H. Stubber, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Moyne, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Major W. Thompson, J. P., Hollywood Rath, Dublin
Edward Wilmot Chetwode, Esq., J. P., Woodbrooke, Queen’s County (Laois)
Fulk Southwell, Greville, Esq., North Mymms, Hertfordshire & Carronary, Cavan
Richard Greville, Esq., Granard, Longford
J. West, Esq., Capel street, Dublin
Thomas Gresham, Esq., Raheny Park, Dublin, Director of the Belfast Junction Railway
Michael Andrews, Esq., Ardoyne, Belfast
S. Robert B. Evatt, Esq., Mount Louise, Monaghan, D. L., & J. P.
Edward Galwey, Esq., Limerick
Henry Ryan, Esq., J. P., Kilfera, Kilkenny
Henry Lloyd, Esq., J. P., Butler House, Kilkenny
Timothy O’Brien, Esq., Crescent, Limerick
George Garvey, Esq., J. P., Thornvale, King’s County (Offaly)
Isaac English, Esq., Dublin
Leonard Thornhill, Esq., Monkstown, Dublin
Alexander M’Douall, Esq., J. P., Stranraer, Agent for the Union Bank of Scotland
George L’Estrange, Esq., Dublin Castle
Edmond Staples, Esq., J. P., Donmore, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Philip Bennett Lucas, Esq., Manchester street, Manchester square, London, Director of the Sligo and Shannon Railway
Michael Head Drought, Esq., J. P., Harristown, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Thomas Bermingham, Esq., J. P., Carromana, Galway
Robert White, Esq., J. P., Old Park, Queen’s County, (Laois/Leix)
Edward Waller, Esq., J. P., Finnoe House, Tipperary
Thomas G. Stoney, Esq., J. P., Kyle Park, Tipperary
Henry White, Esq., J. P., Old Park, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Philip Reade, Esq., J. P., the Wood Parks, Galway
J. R. Price, Esq., J. P., Westfield Farm, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Benjamin L. Lefory, Esq., J. P., Cardenton House, Kildare
D. M. Maunsell, Esq., J. P., Ballywilliam House, Limerick
Henry Smith, Esq., Kilmartin, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Charles Cambie, Esq., J. P., Castletown, Tipperary
Christopher Harkness, Esq., Craigs Cottage, Dumfries, Writer, Clerk to the Justices of the Peace for the County of Dumfries (Scotland)
John Wetherall, Esq., Parsonstown, King’s County (Offaly)
John Killinger, Esq., Dublin
William Moore, Esq., Dublin
Daniel Henry Ferrall, Esq., J. P., Beechwood, Roscommon
Richard Bourne, Esq., Terenure, Dublin
Robert William Law, Esq., J. P., Johnstownmore, Dublin
John Whitlock Nicholl Carne, Esq., L.L.D., Drinlands House, Glanmorganshire, Director of the Vale of Neath South Wales Railway
Henry Maunsell, Esq., Fanstown Castle, Limerick
Thomas Verner, Esq., J. P., Ormeau, Belfast
Col. H. P. L’Estrange, D. L., J. P., Moystown, King’s County (Offaly)
Pierce Simpson, Esq., D. L., J. P., Cloncorick Castle, Leitrim,
Charles Fox, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Dublin, Director of the Dublin and Armagh Railway and Member of the Provisional Committee of the Dublin & Eniskillen Railway
Garrett O’Moore, Esq., D. L., J. P., Cloghan Castle, King’s County (Offaly), High Sheriff of the County Roscommon
Thomas Hussey, Esq., Castlecore, Longford
William Sherrard, Esq., Dublin
Edward Golding, Esq., J. P., Castleblayney, Monaghan
Major Samuel W. Blackall, D.L., J. P., Colambre, Longford
Simon George Purdon, Esq., D. L., J. P., Tinnerana, Clare
Alexander Drysdale, Esq., Glasgow, Director of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway
James Leechman, Esq., Glasgow, Director of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway
Alexander M’Neill, Esq., Edinburgh, Director of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway
George Adair, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Bellgrove, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Thomas Johnston Barton, Esq., D. L., J. P., Coote Hall, Roscommon & Merrion Square, Dublin
Colonel Henry Westenra, D.L., J. P., Camla Vale, Monaghan
Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Kilrush House, Clare
Matthew Sheffield Cassan, Esq., J. P., Sheffield, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
John Paul, Esq., Dean of Guild of Ayr, Director of the Ayrshire & Galloway Railway
Thomas M. Gemmell, Esq., Frankville House, Ayr
William Pollock, Esq., Master of the Merchant Company, Ayr
Alex. B. Telfer, Esq., Magistrate of Ayr
William Dent Farrer, Esq., J. P., Brockley Park, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)

Engineers
Thomas Rhodes, Esq., C.E., M. I.C.E., and Samuel Nicholson, Esq., C.E.
Provisional Secretary
William Hamilton, Esq., Roundwood, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix), and 53, Upper Sackville street, Dublin
Soicitors
Messrs Robert Hamilton & Co., 42 Upper Sackville-street, Dublin & Messrs. Malthy, Beachcroft, and Robinson, 34 Old Brock street, London
Parliamentary Agent
William Bryden, Esq., New Palace yard, Westminster
Bankers in Ireland
The Bank of Ireland and its branches
The Provisional Bank of Ireland and its Branches
The National Bank of Ireland and its Branches
The Royal Bank, Dublin
Messrs. J. H. Ball & Co., Dublin
The Belfast Banking Co. and its Branches
The Northern Banking Co. and its Branches
The Tipperary Joint Stock Bank and its Branches
Banks in England
London – Messrs. Paget, Bainbridge and Co.
Liverpool – Messrs. I. B. Barned & Co.
Manchester – Sir B. Heywood & Co.
Bristol – Stuckley’s Bank
Bankers in Scotland
Edinburgh, Glasgow – The Royal Bank of Scotland

Dublin Offices of the Company : 53, Upper Sackville street
London Offices of the Company : 19, Moor-gate street

It is proposed to form a Railway from the South to the North of Ireland, commencing at Limerick and ending at Clones, a distance of 122 miles, with a branch from Parsonstown, through Roscrea to Templemore, of eighteen miles. This Railway will proceed northwards by Killaloe, Nenagh, Cloghjordan, Shinrone, Parsonstown, Banagher, Shannon Harbour, Athlone, Ballymahon, Kenagh, Longford, Granard, Arvagh, Cavan and Ballyhaise to Clones, at which point, it will meet the traffic supplied by the Belfast and Ballymena, the Ulster, the Newry and Enniskillen, the Dundalk and Enniskillen, and the Colerain, Londonderry, and Enniskillen Railways ; thus concentrating, in its northern terminus, the intercourse of all the lines in that important portion of the country ; and on the south, being in direct communication with the various existing and projected lines to Cork, Waterford, Limerick and Tralee &c., it will bring the two extremes of the kingdom into immediate connection, effectually opening up the interior of the country, and necessarily tend to develop its almost hidden resources, while the fact of the line crossing the direction of all the channels of communication from East to West of the country without competing with any of them, forms a singular and strikingly advantageous feature in the undertaking.

A preference will be given to the Shareholders in the existing Companies in connection with this line, in the allotment of Shares.

No application will be attended to that does not contain a reference to a Banker, Solicitor or other person of well known respectability.

Detailed Prospectuses, with a plan, and forms of Applications for Shares, may be obtained on application to the Secretary at the offices of the Company ; to James Bryden, Esq., 19 Moor gate street ; to the Solicitors ; and to the following Share and Stock Brokers:
Dublin – Labertouche & Stafford;
London – Carden & Whitehead, Threadneedle street
Liverpool – Henry Waterton
Belfast – Theobald Bushel
Cork – William Connell
Limerick – Sarah Mahony & Son ; and Mark T. O’Shaughnessy
Manchester – John Duncuft ; and W. W. Heap & Co.
Birmingham – W. H. Collis & Smith
Leeds – Chambers & Boyes
Edinburgh – Robert Allan
Glasgow – Jackson & M’Cowall
through any of whom applications may be transmitted ; and at the Offices of the Company

Assizes News (Court Cases)

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

COMMUTATION OF A SENTENCE
At the last Assizes of this County, an unfortunate man named Edward Day, was tried for soliciting a person named Butler, to shoot John Duffy, the Repeal Warden of Banagher, and having been found guilty, sentence of death was recorded. Although Day was not a native of King’s County, and an utter stranger in Banagher, yet, Mr. Henry Sheane, of that town, having become acquainted with several local matters connected with the prosecution, and being impressed with a conviction of the man’s innocence, very praiseworthily made a representation of all the facts to the Hon Judge Crampton (before whom Day was tried), who favoured Mr. Sheane with a reply, informing him that his jurisdiction on the subject of the trial of Day was at an end, but that he had not failed to forward his representation to the Government; and we are happy to add, that Mr. Sheane’s exertions have not proved unavailing – as, although Day was on board the convict vessel, lying in Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin), his sentence has been commuted to 12 months imprisonment, from the 2nd inst., in the County Gaol of Tullamore, where he arrived on Friday last.

Ballinasloe

The Great Agricultural Meeting and Annual Cattle Show
Of Live Stock, Horses, Sheep, Swine and Implements, Flax, Wool, Butter, Poultry, Seeds, Roots, Grasses, &c. &c. To be held at Ballinasloe, on Tuesday, 30th of September, 1845 and the days following.
Under the patronage of the Royal Agricultural Improvement Society of Ireland. His Grace the Duke of Leinster, President.

Programme for the Proceedings
All implements intended for exhibition must be in the Show Yard this day ; the Exhibitors having first taken out the necessary Tickets of Admission from the Clerk of the Yard.

Monday, 29th September
There will be a Trial of Implements this day, under the direction of the Judges.
Professor Kane will deliver his First Lecture on the Application of Chemistry to Agriculture. Admittance, One Shilling each Lecture.
There will be a General Meeting of the Society at Two o’Clock, his Grace the Duke of Leinster, President, in the Chair, to nominate Judges and Stewards of the Yard for the day following, and to receive Deputations for holding the Annual Cattle Show next year.
All Stock, Sheep, Swine and other articles will be received into the Show Yard this day; the Exhibitors having first taken out the necessary Tickets of Admission from the Clerk of the Yard.

Tuesday, 30th September.
First Day of the Show
All the remaining Stock and other Articles must be at the Show Yard gates before Six o’Clock on the Morning of this day to be placed for Exhibition; but Horses will be received until eight o’Clock, when the gates will be closed, and the Yard cleared to enable the Judges to proceed with their adjudications.
Professor Kane will deliver his Second Lecture at Eleven o’Clock this day.
The Gates of the Show Yard will be opened at One o’Clock for the admission of the Public, at two Shillings and Sixpence each Person.
The Council Dinner will take place at Six o’Clock in the New Agricultural Hall, the Earl of Clancarty, Chairman of the Council, in the Chair.
Tickets – One Guinea each.

Wednesday, 1st October
Second Day of the Show
The Show Yard gates will be opened at Nine o’Clock this day for the admission of the Public at One Shilling each.
The Banquet Dinner will be held in the Great Agricultural Hall, this day at five o’clock, when his Grave, the Duke of Leinster, President of the Society, will preside, supported by Lord Clonbrock, and other Vice Presidents of the Provinces. Tickets Ten Shillings Each.
Admittance to the different Entertainments to be confined to the Members of the Central Society who shall have paid their Annual Subscriptions for 1845, Subscribers to the Local Fund, and such strangers from England and Scotland as shall honour the meeting with their presence.

Thursday 2nd October
Mr. Hugh Ferguson of Dublin, will deliver a Lecture this day, open to the Public, on the prevailing Epidemic among Cattle in Ireland.
There will be a general Auction of Stock, Horses, Sheep, Implements &c., at Twelve o’Clock this day in the Show-yard.
Professor Kane will deliver his Third Lecture at Two o’Clock this day and his Fourth Lecture on the day following. The remaining Two Lectures of the Course to be delivered on Monday and Tuesday, the 6th and 7th of October, during the Fair.
The Proceedings of the Meeting will be terminated with a Grand Ball and Supper, on Thursday night, the 2nd of October, under the immediate patronage of the leading Nobility and Gentry, Members of the Central Society.
Catalogues and Lists of Stock Implements, &c., to be had in the Show-yard, after the Judges have given in their Reports.
Signed by Order
Edward Bullen, Secretary.
Society’s Rooms, 41 Upper Sackville street,
Dublin

** Arrangements have been made for securing every accommodation for Strangers, which can be had on application by Letter to Mr. John Gill, Local Assistant Secretary, Ballinasloe, by whom the same will be provided.

Banaghar

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845
FROM OUR BANAGHER CORRESPONDANT
I regret to inform you that the potato crops in this neighbourhood have suffered extensively. Few fields, if any have escaped, and the disease is daily spreading – a deplorable prospect, this, for the poor.
The Lord Bishop of Killaloe, is this day, holding a confirmation at the Cathedral of Clonfert. The visitation of the clergy and the consecration of the new church at Ballinasloe, takes place tomorrow.
Lord Dunally passed through this town en route to Garbally, on a visit to the Earl of Clancarty.

Co. Carlow

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Serious Case of Stabbing
A most serious case of the above nature occurred at Carrigslaney, County Carlow, on the 14th instant, which seems to have originated in some previous quarrel. Two men, named Philip Furlong and John Williams, alias Foster had some altercation at the above place, when Furlong asked Foster to fight him. Foster said he would not fight then, but go look for a person to be present, and who would see fair play. Foster then went away, and returned in a short time by himself, having a stick in his hand and a bayonet, which he concealed under his coat. Furlong asked him was he coming back to fight him, when Foster raised the stick, and gave Furlong a blow on the head. Foster then took the bayonet from under his coat, and stabbed Furlong in the breast and lower part of the body. A man named Thomas Dowdle, who came up at this time, ran to the assistance of Furlong, when Foster stabbed him in the head, from the effects of which he now lies dangerously ill, and very little hopes are entertained of his recovery. Informations have been taken before J. J. Lecky, and C. Wolseley Esqrs., and a warrant was issued for the apprehension of Foster, who has absconded.
“Carlow Sentinel”

Attempt to Burn a House
On the 16th instant, an attempt was made by some persons unknown to burn the house of a man named Robert Jolly, who resides near Clonegall, county Carlow. The thatch was set on fire near the eave, but the family being up at the time, the fire was discovered, and its progress checked before any serious injury was committed. That the outrage was premeditated may be known from the fact that a threatening notice was posted on his house about a month previously; but as yet no clue has been obtained that would lead to the discovery of the parties who committed this outrage.
“Carlow Sentinel”

Co. Clare
Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845
A young woman named Margaret Meer, who has been employed binding corn near Newmarket, on Thursday last met with a fatal accident in the following manner:- It appears that a number of the men had been engaged in reaping, and that having ceased from their work for the purposes of smoking, a man named Donovan ran away with a coal of fire and another man ran after him to take it from him, when Donovan turned suddenly from him, his hook, which was under his arm, entered the left side of the chest of the deceased, who was behind and quite close to him. It penetrated her heart, when she instantly fell, exclaiming she was killed, and died in a few moments. An inquest was held by Mr. Whitestone, and a verdict of accidental death found – the jury imputing no blame whatever on Donovan.
“Clare Journal”

Co. Cork

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845
Departure of the Squadron
The unexpected departure of the fleet took place on Thursday. After dinner on board the ships the signal for sailing was made, and in a short time the Albion, Canopus, Queen, Trafalgar, Superb, Rodney, St. Vincent, and Vanguard, had respectively given out their ample canvas to the wind, and were successively bearing out of the harbour’s mouth. Passing into the Atlantic they shaped their course S.E. by S. The Rattler and Stromboli accompanied them. The Crocodile and Tartarus alone remain in this harbour. It is said that several officers were left behind, so sudden was the order to sail. They will join their respective ships at Plymouth.
“Cork Constitution”

Co. Dublin

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

The Briefless – Dublin
A woman named Dillon complained on Wednesday to the Magistrates at the Head Police Office, Dublin, of a barrister who ‘offered’ her his services to prosecute a person named Haslam, against whom she had a complaint. Informations being granted in this case, the ‘worthy’ barrister slipped out behind his client’s back and pocketed the sum of ten shillings and sixpence by this ‘honorable’ transaction! Mr. Casserly stated that such persons were prowling about the police offices, and were a disgrace to the profession. Mr. Porter, himself a barrister, and one of the bench, stated: “I would sooner see the members of my profession, carrying hods of mortar, or cleaning out ash-pits than have them found acting in so disgraceful and unprofessional a manner. I don’t like to say anything harsh in the absence of the professional person who is here charged upon oath; but I cannot avoid considering the gentlemen of the English Bar, who have utterly acted upon such a hostile part to the Reporters of the Press – a body composed of Gentlemen of talent, and the highest order of genius, and remarkable for their good conduct, will think of the comparison, after they have heard of this case.”

Extraordinary Sale of Cattle.
We (“Dublin Mercantile Advertiser”) have received a letter from a friend in Yorkshire, which gives the following account of a sale of cattle belonging to the Earl of Carlisle, at Castle Howard, a few days since: – 1 cow, “Sister Mary”, brought 189 guineas; 1 cow, 121 guineas 15s.; 11 pigs, 70 guineas 10s.; 32 cows, 1,611 guineas 15s.; 16 heifer calves 682 guineas 10s.

Frankford

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

FROM OUR FRANKFORD CORRESPONDANT
SERIOUS ASSAULT
In one of the lanes in this town there resides two families named Coins and Meaghers: the youthful members of both are continuously quarrelling, and causing much annoyance to their more peaceable neighbours. On Monday morning, Coine (sic) saw some of the young Meaghers beating his children, he followed them to their house, using very violent language, when Mrs. Meagher struck him with a broom in the face. Coine then seized a rake, with which he gave the woman a violent blow on the head, which fractured her skull. The matter having been communicated to the police, Head-Constable M’Guinness proceeded to search for Coine, whom he found concealed in a field. Coine, on seeing the constable made off, but was quickly pursued, and after a smart chase, captured. He has been fully committed to abide his trial at the ensuing Assizes. Mrs. Meagher has been removed to the County Infirmary, where she lies in a dangerous state. No hopes are entertained of her recovery.

Co. Galway

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Herring Fishery – Galway
We rejoice to state that in the recollection of the oldest inhabitant, there has not been a more plentiful supply of herrings taken in our bay than on Monday night last; and on every evening up to Thursday. The rough weather has interrupted the fishery since then but it is well that even for a few days the labours of those engaged in the trade have been attended with so much success. On Tuesday the herrings which wee of good size and flavour, sold at 12s. 6d. per thousand, but the price has since advanced.
“Galway Mercury”

The Potato Crops.
Considerable alarm has been excited by the reports from various quarters, of a failure in the potato crop, this season; and though we rejoice to learn that there is no ground for apprehension in this neighbourhood, still the effect of the rumour has been to raise the price of this most necessary article of food. Potatoes which at this season are generally sold for 2½d to 3d now fetch 5½d per stone.
“Galway Mercury”

Wednesday Oct 29th, 1845
Mrs. Oliver of Loughrea, unconsciously killed one of her children, by turning it up in a press bed, where the little innocent lay hid by the bedclothes from the eye of its parent

General News

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Repeal Association – Monday.
The attendance in the hall was much more numerous, and the proceedings less dull, than on this day week. The death of the late Mr. Davis was principal subject of the speeches, and glowing panegyrics were pronounced by the various orators. Many other more conspicuous members were attired in the uniform of the ’82 Club, and were vociferously applauded on their appearance. The chair was filled by Counsellor O’Hea. Mr. J. O’Connell read letters from his father and W. S. O’Brien, Esq., deeply expressive of their sorrow at the premature demise of Mr. Davis, and of grief for the loss which his cause and his country has sustained. The rent reached £200

The Potato Crops.
Considerable alarm has been excited by the reports from various quarters, of a failure in the potato crop, this season; and though we rejoice to learn that there is no ground for apprehension in this neighbourhood, still the effect of the rumour has been to raise the price of this most necessary article of food. Potatoes which at this season are generally sold for 2½d to 3d now fetch 5½d per stone.
“Galway Mercury”

The greater part of the week has been wet – heavy and incessant rain, occurring at a most unfavourable period, the crops being fit for harvesting all round this neighbourhood.
“Sligo Journal”

As we heretofore announced, the crops in this county are superb ; the oats are far beyond an average, and what wheat has been cultivated, met with the utmost success – the best test of the quality of oats is to be found in its produce when ground, and we are gratified to learn that in every instance, where tested, it has given the utmost satisfaction. We have spoken to several farmers on the subject of the potato crop and their answers have been invariably, that they have not had better for many years, both as regards quality and quantity. The late rains have impeded the sickle within the last few days, but no material injury has yet taken place. We are happy to notice by the change in the barometer today, accompanied by a favourable alteration in the wind, that the prospect of the weather is cheering. The green crops of every kind present a most delightful and luxuriant appearance; nothing can exceed the prospect of Skirving’s turnips ; and the purple topped Aberdeens are also not inferior.
“Westmeath Guardian”

FROM OUR BANAGHER CORRESPONDANT
I regret to inform you that the potato crops in this neighbourhood have suffered extensively. Few fields, if any have escaped, and the disease is daily spreading – a deplorable prospect, this, for the poor.
The Lord Bishop of Killaloe, is this day, holding a confirmation at the Cathedral of Clonfert. The visitation of the clergy and the consecration of the new church at Ballinasloe, takes place tomorrow.
Lord Dunally passed through this town en route to Garbally, on a visit to the Earl of Clancarty.

OPINIONS OF THE JOURNALS

Under this heading we shall give the opinions of the leading papers of all shades, upon topics of prominent interest, without, however, holding ourselves in any way identified with the political doctrines thus promulgated.

From ‘The Times’
Protestant Organisation in Ireland.
The lovers of political sport will be delighted to hear that the prospects for next session are as good as ever. Notwithstanding the great exertions and the apparently destructive expenditure of the season gone by, it begins to be evident that the stock of grievances is undiminished, and the amateurs of the game are in their original strength and spirit. Orangemen and Repealers are urging on the extent of their preparations, and the intensity of their resolves. The Orangemen conceive that they have discovered in the example of their adversaries the road to success. As the circumstances of law being impracticable among a people opposed to its operation was the great plea for the “message of peace to Ireland,” the Protestant Party are beginning to calculate how near they can drive to the law, and how much of it they can reduce to a dead letter. The gentlemen of Ulster meet in the town-hall of Enniskillen, with the Earl of Enniskillen in the chair, “for the purpose of taking into consideration how far a union of all those who are ready to make common cause in upholding the religion of the Reformation could be formed in strict subserviency to the laws.” The circumstances of the times, so often pleaded for surrender and peace, and so convenient a topic for free-and-easy politicians, are their case of necessity for action. With very little affectation of delicacy, they give the world to understand that Sir Robert Peel’s political course renders it “absolutely necessary that a closer union should be formed amongst all classes of Her Majesty’s loyal and attached subjects in this country.” If such are the expressions of confidence Sir Robert receives from his old and faithful friends, what must he expect from his foes?

While the Orangemen are making this use of Sir Robert’s boasted armistice, their opponents are even more vigorously, perhaps still, more effectually, at work. A public dinner at Castlebar, on the 29th of this month is to cement and declare the intimate union between the Liberator and the hierarchy of Tuam. A brisk agitation is to be commenced, with a special view to neutralise the bribery of Maynooth and the infidelity of the Colleges; and the men of Connaught are furnished with new arguments for that Repeal, which they are told can alone effectually secure their consciences and their creed from corruption:-
“The plan of the common enemy heretofore (says Mr. O’Connell) was to extinguish Catholicity by force and violence, by the sword and by the scaffold, and more particularly by the plunder and iniquitous seizure of Catholic property.
“But Satan now, grown wiser than before,
tempts men by making rich, not making poor.”
The present plan is of a different kind. Defeated in actual persecution, the enemy seeks to bribe, to corrupt, to influence, to endow with patronage, and to purchase by various means a new dissension amongst the struggling people of Ireland.
I am quite convinced that their foul intentions, aided though they be with British gold, will totally fail. The clergy, whom the people never deserted, will never desert them: and there is one thing certain – that the men of Connaught are not to be bought or bribed, any more than are the faithful Irishmen of other provinces.
There is indeed, one cause of apprehension, more recent than others – I mean the attempt to carry out infidel education. But we ought to be consoled by reflecting on the history of this scheme in other countries. The attempt to educate the people into irreligion has been openly made and avowedly pursued in Germany, particularly in Prussia, and more recently in France; but even in those countries, supported as it was by the undisguised power of Government, it has failed, and it will fail in Ireland as sure as the sun rises, and leave no trace behind it but the marks of the folly of its invention and the proofs of increased zeal, and even from the xxxxxxx(ink blotched – can’t read) excited in all good men on so iniquitous a project.

From the Bristol Times
Attempts are being made in the North of Ireland to re-organise the Orange Institution, on such a plan however, as to avoid an infraction of the law. The proximate cause of such resuscitation (should it take place) will be what we cannot but consider, the injudicious dismissal of Mr. Watson : Sir Robert Peel’s intention towards Ireland is good and a wise one, namely to assuage and remove party asperities; but the removal of Mr. Watson from the Commission of the Peace was just such an incident as to create quite a contrary result. Party spirit in Ireland, if allowed to escape freely, soon loses itself in vapour, but compressed or confined, like the element of steam, it become powerful and repulsive. Had Mr. Watson not been “victimised,” the ebullition would, in all probability, have begun and ended with the meeting at which he presided; opposed, however, it becomes in its condensed form, sufficient to shake a whole province.

Co. Kerry

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845
The Hon. Wm. Browne retires from the representation of this county on the next election.
Not credited to any newspaper

A grand-daughter of the far-famed Kate Kearney may be seen at Killarney lakes this autumn, with the usual offering of goats’ milk and mountain dew to the lake visitors.
No paper credited.

Wednesday Oct 29th, 1845

Action for Libel
At the Tralee Quarter Sessions on Tuesday, Messrs. J. and J. Eager, proprietors of the ‘Kerry Evening Post’, were found guilty of publishing, on the 12th of July last, an article reflecting on the character of Mr. Rickard O’Connell, Barrister- at-Law, and sentenced to pay a fine of £2 each.

Co. Kildare

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

The New Profession of Maynooth
An examination, which will hold a prominent place in the Annals of Maynooth, has terminated and the following are the new Professors: Rev. Mr. Furlong, Professor of Theology ; Rev. Mr. Behan, Professor of Logic and the Rev. Mr. Garghan, Professor of Belles Lettres
Pilot.

Co. Limerick

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Limerick Harbour
The Tidal Harbour Commissioners visited Limerick, and held an enquiry there on Thursday. Mr. Rea, Collector of Customs, stated that notwithstanding the disadvantages heaped on Limerick, its custom duties had increased in the last 20 years from £58,000 to £170,000 per annum. The shipping in 1825 was 560 tons: in 1845, it was 14,086 tons. At the conclusion of the inquiry, Captain Washington said he had been up the Shannon, and had never seen a nobler or more beautiful river. What struck him as extraordinary was, that it was possible it could have been so long and so grossly neglected. There was great blame attributable somewhere – he could not now say where. He trusted however that the obstructions to the navigation would be speedily removed, and that the desired improvements would be effected, and the vast resources of Limerick developed – for there was not in the British Empire a port which possessed greater qualities.
Not credited to any Newspaper

The General Mining Company for Ireland – The Railways.
We are gratified to hear that 7,000 shares have already been subscribed for in this national undertaking. We are pleased to find the nobility and gentry, as well as men of science, giving their countenance and support ; and with such patriotic names as Lord Dunalley, Viscount Massareene and Ferrard, Hon. Mr. Prittie, and others we have sen among the Directors, joined with Dr. Graves, of Merrion Square, and wealthy merchants of Dublin, we augur success.

Lead has risen cent. Per cent., and this company have, we understand, the most extensive and valuable lead mines in Ireland, and are in treaty so ass to secure fields of copper and coal. This will give employment to the people and great profit to the proprietors
“Limerick Chronicle”

Co. Longford

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

The following is an extract from a letter received in this town on Monday last from Toronto, in Upper Canada, dated August 26th, only three weeks since:- “The Rev. Mr. Davis and Mr. Dease were here last week on a collecting tour for the Longford Roman Catholic Cathedral. I understand they have collected throughout the States, in the last two years, about forty thousand dollars” (which at 4s. 2d each would amount to 8,333 guineas, 6 shillings and 8 pence.)
“Longford Journal”

Lusmagh Parish

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Firing into a dwelling.
On the night of Tuesday last, about the hour or eleven o’clock, a party of armed men visited the dwelling house of a small farmer, named John Deane, residing at Gloster in the parish of Lusmagh, they fired a shot through the door and another at Deane’s dog. On the following morning, Deane found a notice signed ‘Captain Rock’ at his door, threatening ‘eternal desolation and death’ to his son Michael Deane, if he continued to work for Mr. Lyster, of Derinsallagh Mills, at a lower rate of wage than is usually paid to carriers. Constable Kearney and party at Lusmagh, have been unremitting in their exertions since the occurrence, to discover the perpetrators, but without effect.

Parsonstown

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

PARSONSTOWN UNION
Admitted during the week – 6
Remaining on preceding week – 202
Total – 208

Discharged – 7
Died – 0

Remaining on Saturday the 18th – 201
Sick in hospital – 18
Externs – 23

Average expense of pauper per week £0 1s. 4 3/8 d
Total expense of provisions and necessaries £15 7s. 11½d.

In consequence of the calamitous prospects of the potato crop, the Guardians of the above Union came to the resolution that the paupers should in general use a potato diet, thereby saving the oatmeal for a future period. There is a special meeting summoned for Saturday next, to take into consideration the most judicious means of guarding against the worst consequences. It would be well if the poor could be persuaded respecting the relative saving between potato and oatmeal diet; as in the Work-House here the week’s expense for dinner was £3 9s. 3 ¾ d, while for breakfast it was only £2 8s. 8 ¾ d., for the same number.

PETTY SESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS
(FROM OUR REPORTERS)
PARSONSTOWN – Saturday
Before Thomas Hacket, Esq., and Captain Kelly, R.M.
Twenty two cases were entered for hearing.

DRUNK AND DISORDERLY.
A wretched looking creature named Kennedy – whose tattered garments, dilapidated hat, and soiled shirt, the collar of which bore soil marks of a nozey origin, denoted his attachment to the mountain dew – was placed at the bar, charged with having been found in Cumberland street, in a state of happy forgetfulness. Sub-Constable Casey stated that he found the defendant lying across the pavement, he raised him, but his endeavours to make him resume the perpendicular were utterly fruitless – as he bent his body forward, and then, by his own centre of gravity, would descend to the curb stone. By the aid, however, of a powerful shake or two, he showed some sign of consciousness, and, was removed. The Constable stated that the defendant caused a good deal of annoyance, as he was surrounded by a crowd of pugnacious little boys and girls. The defendant stated that he met with some friends, who treated him to two “croppers” and not having tasted food for some hours previously, total insensibility followed, accompanied by a desire to dispense with the luxury of a bed for the coolness of the pavement. A verdict of guilty was recorded against him, and he was fined two shillings and sixpence; but not having the ‘needful’ he was locked up for 24 hours.

PICKING POCKETS
John Fitzpatrick, a young, but frequently convicted pickpocket, in physiognomy an exact facsimile of Thornhill’s popular portrait of Jack Sheppard, was charged with stealing £1 7s 6d, from the pocket of a man named Hugh Larkin. The prosecutor a remarkably stupid old man, deposed that a few hours previously, he was passing along the Main Street, which was very much thronged with people, the prinsoner jostled him, put his hand into the pocket of his pantaloons, and took there-from a one pound note, and three half-crown pieces. He did not catch the hand, but felt it, and kept the prisoner in view till he was arrested. He under-went a very searching cross-examination by Mr. Dowling, solicitor, who appeared for the prisoner. Sub- Constable Nicholson deposed that he arrested the prisoner, and found on his person a pound note and some coppers. Mr. Dowling addressed the Bench, and remarked that the money found by the Constable was not the same that Larkin alleged to have lost. The Bench gave the prisoner the benefit of the doubt, an discharged him. The other cases consisted of petty assaults and common trespass, and did not possess the slightest interest.

Philipstown

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

FROM OUR PHILIPSTOWN CORRESPONDANT
The Quarter Sessions for this division of the county, commenced on Monday morning last, before William N. Barron, Esq. Assistant Barrister.
Eight persons were registered, all Repealers.
There were 7 ejectments entered for hearing, six of which were at the suit of Lord Ashtown: Mr. Mitchell, Solicitor, ably defended each case for the tenants. There are one hundred civil bills entered for hearing, and only eight criminal cases to be disposed of, which is very creditable to the people of the district.

The fair of this town was held on Saturday last, and was rather thinly attended, the supply of sheep and milch cows, was very small, fat pigs and stores, brought remunerating prices, and very much sought after. All passed off peaceably, very few drunken cases were apprehended by the Constabulary.

A large quantity of cattle, corn &c., seized for rent, due on the lands of Killeashin of H. O’Neill and R. Billing, Esqrs., of Dublin, was to be sold by auction, on Friday last, and in consequence of the bailiffs having been attacked some days previously, when making the seizure, a party of the Constabulary were in attendance to preserve the peace, but no sale took place, an amicable arrangement having been entered into.

Thursday last, was the usual day for holding the Petty Sessions of this town. Several suitors attended, but were obliged to return home without having their cases adjudicated, in consequence of the non-attendance of Magistrates, which causes much inconvenience to the inhabitants of this town and neighbourhood.

The Great Hibernian Central Junction Railway

Wednesday, October 29th, 1845 (Vol. 1 – No. 6)

The Great Hibernian Central Junction Railway
Registered Provisionally

Capital £2,000,000, in 80,000 shares of £25 each –
Deposit £2 12s. 6d., per share.
Power will be taken by the Act to allow four per cent upon the calls.

Provisional Committee
(with power to add to their number)
The Right Hon. John Ladaveze Arabin, Lord Mayor of Dublin.
The Most Noble the Marquis of Ormonde,
The Right Hon. Earl of Devon,
The Right Hon. the Earl of Orkney
The Right Hon. the Earl of Limerick,
The Right Hon. the Earl of Gosford, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Armagh,
The Right Hon. Lord Blayney
The Right Hon. Lord Rossmore, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Monaghan,
The Right Hon. Lord Cremorne
The Right Hon. Lord Dunalley
The Right Hon. Lord Castlemaine
The Count D’Alton
The Hon. Henry Walker
The Hon. John H. Knox, Director of the Newry & Enniskillen Railway
The Hon. F. A. Prittie
The Hon. George Handcock, Chairman of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
The Hon. Charles Handcock
Sir Thomas Barrett Lennard, Bart.
Sir Anthony Weldon, Bart.
Sir Edward H. Walsh, Bart.
Sir George Forster, Bart.
Sir Edmund Waller, Bart.
Sir James Murray, Merrion Square Dublin
Sir John N. R. Campbell, 10 Harley street (London, England) ; Director of the Penninsular & Oriental Steam Company
Francis Carleton, Esq., Director of the Penninsular & Oriental Steam Company
James Hartley, Esq., Director of the Penninsular & Oriental Steam Company
Thomas Gill, Esq., M. P., Plymouth, Chairman of the South Devon Railway
Fitzstephen French, Esq., M.P., Chairman of the Irish Great Western Railway
The Very Rev. Dean of Ardfert
The Very Rev. the Dean of Ross, Director of the Ulster Railway
Cornelius O’Brien, Esq., M.P.
Peter Kirk, Esq., M.P.
John Goddard, Esq., Chairman of the Ulster Railway
William Graham, Esq., Lisburn, Director of the Ulster Railway
John Rannie, Esq., 5, Lower Belgrave street, London
James J. Kinloch, Esq., Gloucester road, Victoria Gate, London, Director of the Newry & Enniskillen Railway
John M’Neile, Esq., J.P., and D.L., Parkmount, Belfast, Director of the Northern Banking Company, and of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
John Thomson, Esq., Low Wood, Belfast, Director of the Belfast Banking Company, and of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
John Harrison, Esq., Belfast, Director of the Belfast & Ballymena Railway
Wm. (William) Humphreys, Esq., J. P., and D. L., Ballyhaise House, Cavan
Thomas Harkness, Esq., Writer, Stranraer, commissary clerk of Drumfriesshire, Member of the Provisional Committee of the Bristol and Irish Union Railway
Abram Campbell, Esq., Stranraer, Member of the Provisional Committee of the Bristol and Irish Union Railway
Hugh Barton, Esq., Straffan, Kildare
William T. Osborne, Esq., Beechwood, Tipperary
Jos. (Joseph) Thompson, Esq., John Street, Bedford Row, Director of London & Brighton, and of the Kilkenny and Youghal Railways
Col. H. Dwyer, J. P., Ballyquirk Castle, Tipperary
Colonel Wray Palliser, Derryluskan, Tipperary
Charles Grappy Burke, Esq., Dublin
John Ross Mahon, Esq., Dublin
Robert H. Kinahan, Esq., J. P., Alderman, Dublin
Luke White, Esq., J. P. Rathcline, Longford
Isaac M. D’Olier, Esq., Dublin, Director of the Bank of Ireland
A.M. M’Moran, Esq., Cambridge Street, Hyde Park Square, London, Director of the East and West Junction Railway
John W. Fitzpatrick, Esq., J. P., Lisduff, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Charles Doyne, Esq., Newtown Park, Dublin
Michael Furnell, Esq., D. L., and J. P., Caher Elly Castle, Limerick.
Thomas Lloyd, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Beechmount, Limerick
W. Cope Cooper, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Cooper Hill, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Samuel Garnett., Esq., J. P., Arch-hall, Meath
Henry Thompson, Esq., Dublin
Robert H. Stubber, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Moyne, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Major W. Thompson, J. P., Hollywood Rath, Dublin
Edward Wilmot Chetwode, Esq., J. P., Woodbrooke, Queen’s County (Laois)
Fulk Southwell, Greville, Esq., North Mymms, Hertfordshire & Carronary, Cavan
Richard Greville, Esq., Granard, Longford
J. West, Esq., Capel street, Dublin
Thomas Gresham, Esq., Raheny Park, Dublin, Director of the Belfast Junction Railway
Michael Andrews, Esq., Ardoyne, Belfast
S. Robert B. Evatt, Esq., Mount Louise, Monaghan, D. L., & J. P.
Edward Galwey, Esq., Limerick
Henry Ryan, Esq., J. P., Kilfera, Kilkenny
Henry Lloyd, Esq., J. P., Butler House, Kilkenny
Timothy O’Brien, Esq., Crescent, Limerick
George Garvey, Esq., J. P., Thornvale, King’s County (Offaly)
Isaac English, Esq., Dublin
Leonard Thornhill, Esq., Monkstown, Dublin
Alexander M’Douall, Esq., J. P., Stranraer, Agent for the Union Bank of Scotland
George L’Estrange, Esq., Dublin Castle
Edmond Staples, Esq., J. P., Donmore, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Philip Bennett Lucas, Esq., Manchester street, Manchester square, London, Director of the Sligo and Shannon Railway
Michael Head Drought, Esq., J. P., Harristown, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Thomas Bermingham, Esq., J. P., Carromana, Galway
Robert White, Esq., J. P., Old Park, Queen’s County, (Laois/Leix)
Edward Waller, Esq., J. P., Finnoe House, Tipperary
Thomas G. Stoney, Esq., J. P., Kyle Park, Tipperary
Henry White, Esq., J. P., Old Park, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Philip Reade, Esq., J. P., the Wood Parks, Galway
J. R. Price, Esq., J. P., Westfield Farm, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Benjamin L. Lefory, Esq., J. P., Cardenton House, Kildare
D. M. Maunsell, Esq., J. P., Ballywilliam House, Limerick
Henry Smith, Esq., Kilmartin, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Charles Cambie, Esq., J. P., Castletown, Tipperary
Christopher Harkness, Esq., Craigs Cottage, Dumfries, Writer, Clerk to the Justices of the Peace for the County of Dumfries (Scotland)
John Wetherall, Esq., Parsonstown, King’s County (Offaly)
John Killinger, Esq., Dublin
William Moore, Esq., Dublin
Daniel Henry Ferrall, Esq., J. P., Beechwood, Roscommon
Richard Bourne, Esq., Terenure, Dublin
Robert William Law, Esq., J. P., Johnstownmore, Dublin
John Whitlock Nicholl Carne, Esq., L.L.D., Drinlands House, Glanmorganshire, Director of the Vale of Neath South Wales Railway
Henry Maunsell, Esq., Fanstown Castle, Limerick
Thomas Verner, Esq., J. P., Ormeau, Belfast
Col. H. P. L’Estrange, D. L., J. P., Moystown, King’s County (Offaly)
Pierce Simpson, Esq., D. L., J. P., Cloncorick Castle, Leitrim,
Charles Fox, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Dublin, Director of the Dublin and Armagh Railway and Member of the Provisional Committee of the Dublin & Eniskillen Railway
Garrett O’Moore, Esq., D. L., J. P., Cloghan Castle, King’s County (Offaly), High Sheriff of the County Roscommon
Thomas Hussey, Esq., Castlecore, Longford
William Sherrard, Esq., Dublin
Edward Golding, Esq., J. P., Castleblayney, Monaghan
Major Samuel W. Blackall, D.L., J. P., Colambre, Longford
Simon George Purdon, Esq., D. L., J. P., Tinnerana, Clare
Alexander Drysdale, Esq., Glasgow, Director of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway
James Leechman, Esq., Glasgow, Director of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway
Alexander M’Neill, Esq., Edinburgh, Director of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Railway
George Adair, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Bellgrove, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
Thomas Johnston Barton, Esq., D. L., J. P., Coote Hall, Roscommon & Merrion Square, Dublin
Colonel Henry Westenra, D.L., J. P., Camla Vale, Monaghan
Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Esq., D. L., & J. P., Kilrush House, Clare
Matthew Sheffield Cassan, Esq., J. P., Sheffield, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)
John Paul, Esq., Dean of Guild of Ayr, Director of the Ayrshire & Galloway Railway
Thomas M. Gemmell, Esq., Frankville House, Ayr
William Pollock, Esq., Master of the Merchant Company, Ayr
Alex. B. Telfer, Esq., Magistrate of Ayr
William Dent Farrer, Esq., J. P., Brockley Park, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix)

Engineers
Thomas Rhodes, Esq., C.E., M. I.C.E., and Samuel Nicholson, Esq., C.E.
Provisional Secretary
William Hamilton, Esq., Roundwood, Queen’s County (Laois/Leix), and 53, Upper Sackville street, Dublin
Soicitors
Messrs Robert Hamilton & Co., 42 Upper Sackville-street, Dublin & Messrs. Malthy, Beachcroft, and Robinson, 34 Old Brock street, London
Parliamentary Agent
William Bryden, Esq., New Palace yard, Westminster
Bankers in Ireland
The Bank of Ireland and its branches
The Provisional Bank of Ireland and its Branches
The National Bank of Ireland and its Branches
The Royal Bank, Dublin
Messrs. J. H. Ball & Co., Dublin
The Belfast Banking Co. and its Branches
The Northern Banking Co. and its Branches
The Tipperary Joint Stock Bank and its Branches
Banks in England
London – Messrs. Paget, Bainbridge and Co.
Liverpool – Messrs. I. B. Barned & Co.
Manchester – Sir B. Heywood & Co.
Bristol – Stuckley’s Bank
Bankers in Scotland
Edinburgh, Glasgow – The Royal Bank of Scotland
Dublin Offices of the Company : 53, Upper Sackville street
London Offices of the Company : 19, Moor-gate street

It is proposed to form a Railway from the South to the North of Ireland, commencing at Limerick and ending at Clones, a distance of 122 miles, with a branch from Parsonstown, through Roscrea to Templemore, of eighteen miles. This Railway will proceed northwards by Killaloe, Nenagh, Cloghjordan, Shinrone, Parsonstown, Banagher, Shannon Harbour, Athlone, Ballymahon, Kenagh, Longford, Granard, Arvagh, Cavan and Ballyhaise to Clones, at which point, it will meet the traffic supplied by the Belfast and Ballymena, the Ulster, the Newry and Enniskillen, the Dundalk and Enniskillen, and the Colerain, Londonderry, and Enniskillen Railways ; thus concentrating, in its northern terminus, the intercourse of all the lines in that important portion of the country ; and on the south, being in direct communication with the various existing and projected lines to Cork, Waterford, Limerick and Tralee &c., it will bring the two extremes of the kingdom into immediate connection, effectually opening up the interior of the country, and necessarily tend to develop its almost hidden resources, while the fact of the line crossing the direction of all the channels of communication from East to West of the country without competing with any of them, forms a singular and strikingly advantageous feature in the undertaking.

A preference will be given to the Shareholders in the existing Companies in connection with this line, in the allotment of Shares.

No application will be attended to that does not contain a reference to a Banker, Solicitor or other person of well known respectability.

Detailed Prospectuses, with a plan, and forms of Applications for Shares, may be obtained on application to the Secretary at the offices of the Company ; to James Bryden, Esq., 19 Moor gate street ; to the Solicitors ; and to the following Share and Stock Brokers:
Dublin – Labertouche & Stafford;
London – Carden & Whitehead, Threadneedle street
Liverpool – Henry Waterton
Belfast – Theobald Bushel
Cork – William Connell
Limerick – Sarah Mahony & Son ; and Mark T. O’Shaughnessy
Manchester – John Duncuft ; and W. W. Heap & Co.
Birmingham – W. H. Collis & Smith
Leeds – Chambers & Boyes
Edinburgh – Robert Allan
Glasgow – Jackson & M’Cowall
through any of whom applications may be transmitted ; and at the Offices of the Company

Co. Sligo

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Shocking Murder – Sligo
We are sorry to state that this county has been disgraced by a most diabolical murder, not connected, however with either party, religion or agrarian outrage. A man named M’Hugh, with his wife and her sister, were at Sligo market last Saturday, and after leaving the town, the husband directed the wife to return for some article which he said she had forgot to purchase. She returned to Sligo, and her sister wished to accompany her or to wait for her, but the husband in a most abusive manner told her to go on and they would overtake her. The unfortunate wife never reached her home alive. She was discovered on Monday morning in a potato field in Geevagh, near her residence, her body bruised in several places; and from the marks of a ligature round her neck, Dr. Burrowes is of opinion she died from strangulation. Mr. Meredith Thompson held an inquest on the body, and a verdict of murder was returned against the husband, who has absconded. We understand that the circumstantial evidence against the husband is strong.
“Sligo Journal”

The Potato Crops.
The greater part of the week has been wet – heavy and incessant rain, occurring at a most unfavourable period, the crops being fit for harvesting all round this neighbourhood.
“Sligo Journal”

Lord Palmerston arrived here on Thursday, to visit his property in this neighbourhood. We understand that he purposes remaining for a few days.
“Sligo Journal”

Co. Tipperary

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Tipperary Mode of Paying Rent
In our publication of Saturday last an advertisement appeared for the sale of the produce of five fields of wheat, two fields of oats and some hay, distrained by the receiver under the Court of Chancery for rent due on that part of the Derry Castle estates, amounting to upwards of £200, and which was to be sold at auction on yesterday (Friday). Bailiffs to the number of seven were placed over the property, who visited it every day to see that all was right. On Friday morning, however, upon going to the lands, there was not a vestige of the produce to be seen – not a single straw was left behind – the lads having made clean work of it during the previous night, to the great disappointment of the receiver, the auctioneer and the bailiffs.
“Nenagh Guardian”

From our Roscrea Correspondant – ( County Tipperary)
DARING ATTACK
A most savage and brutal attempt was made on the life of Doctor Downer, near the Post Office of this town, about the hour of 11 o’clock on Thursday last. He was attacked by three or four fellows, armed with bludgeons, who knocked him down with their murderous weapons, inflicting several extensive wounds and bruises on his head and body, from the effects of which he is confined to bed. The only cause that can be assigned for this very daring attack is, that Doctor Downer, a most efficient officer in the Loan Fund Institution here, took an active part, some short time ago, in detecting a fellow, who attempted to defraud the establishment. His friends will be happy to hear, though very seriously injured, he is likely to recover.

ROSCREA POOR LAW UNION – Ex-officio.
Guardians elected on the 11th inst., for the year ending 29th September 1846.
The Hon. Francis A. Prittie ; Colonel Lloyd ; J. W. Fitzpatrick, Esq. ; John Minchin, Esq. ; Henry White, Esq. ; Thomas Spunner, Esq. ; M. H. Drought, Esq. ; Guy Atkinson, Esq. ; and Maunsell Andrews, Esq.
There are at present 275 paupers in the Workhouse of this Union, principally composed of women and children.

Suicide
On Wednesday night last, about 12 o’clock, a young man, by trade a tailor, named Michael Butler, while in a state of temporary insanity, committed self-destruction, by suspending himself by the neck with a rope, from a beam in his own house, in the Gravel Walk, in the west suburbs. An inquest was held by Wm. Ryan, Esq., coroner, when the jury returned a verdict in accordance with the above facts.
“Tipperary Constitution”

Whiteboy Offences.
On the night of the 15th inst., five armed men entered the dwelling of Michael Behan at Knigh, and threatened him with death if he neglected to make his son quit the employment of a gentleman in the neighbourhood. When leaving the house, they fired three shots.

On Sunday night last, an armed party of five or six in number, attacked the dwelling of a man named Edward Burke at Curraghaneddy, broke open the door, dragged Burke out of bed, knocked him down, and while down, continued beating him for a considerable time: they then placed him on his knees, and ordered him to pay a girl who had been in his service, they fired several shots outside his door, and then ran away. Two men named Michael and Thomas Burke, from Toomavara, have been committed for this outrage.

Some few nights since, a party of men went to the house of a man named Dan Carroll, at Ballincarra, when one of them asked to be admitted. Carroll was from home, and his wife of course refused to open the door, upon which, the dastardly and murderous gang, discharged the contents of a gun through the window, without however, effecting any personal injury to Mrs. Carroll.

Friday night last, Head Constable Brown, of Toomavara, discovered a blunderbuss concealed in a ditch at Pallas on the land of a person called Hogan ; it was in excellent order, being locked in a wooden case, like a small coffin.
“Nenagh Guardian”

Melancholy Occurrence
An Awful calamity occurred at a place called the Bogside, near Borrisokane, on Tuesday night last, about ten o’clock. A man named Patrick Farrell and his family, consisting of his wife and four children, retired to rest at about nine o’clock; they were not in bed more than an hour, when the eldest son called to his father and said that there was smoke in the house. The father and son instantly got up, and thought to get out the door, but they were so bewildered that they could not for some time make it out ; by this time, the house was in flames over their heads, the father, mother and two eldest children succeeded in getting out, but, melancholy to relate, the youngest children were burned to ashes – one sevenand the other nine years of age.
It appears that Farrell was scotching wheat on Tuesday, and placed the scotched sheaves in such a position that they came in contact with the fire. Poor Farrell is almost distracted, having lost all that he possessed in the world, except his life, and that of his wife and two children as above stated.
“Nenagh Guardian”

Co. Waterford

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

Alderman Delahunty of Waterford declares that the doom of Messrs. Wyse and Barron, as representatives for that city, is sealed, and that they must turn out for two Repealers.
No paper credited.

The Right Rev. Dr. Foran of Waterford, and his clergy have withdrawn from the local repeal agitation.
No paper credited.

Co. Westmeath

Wednesday, October 22nd, 1845

As we heretofore announced, the crops in this county are superb ; the oats are far beyond an average, and what wheat has been cultivated, met with the utmost success – the best test of the quality of oats is to be found in its produce when ground, and we are gratified to learn that in every instance, where tested, it has given the utmost satisfaction. We have spoken to several farmers on the subject of the potato crop and their answers have been invariably, that they have not had better for many years, both as regards quality and quantity. The late rains have impeded the sickle within the last few days, but no material injury has yet taken place. We are happy to notice by the change in the barometer today, accompanied by a favourable alteration in the wind, that the prospect of the weather is cheering. The green crops of every kind present a most delightful and luxuriant appearance; nothing can exceed the prospect of Skirving’s turnips ; and the purple topped Aberdeens are also not inferior.
“Westmeath Guardian”