Category Archives: Westmeath

Irish Folk Medicine: Transference Cures

Continuation of Irish Folk Medicine: Introduction.

Transference Cures

These are probably the most common of all folk cures. The intention is to pass the disease on usually to a lower animal. Here is an example from Co. Meath. An old lady who thought she knew no Irish, went to visit the child of a neighbour, who had mumps. When she had seen the child she went quietly out to the yard, stood beside the pig sty, and was heard to say to the pig “A mhuic, A mhuic,  chugat an leicneach seo.” A slightly different version from Co. Westmeath is that the person saying the words must stand as tall as possible against the door post.

There are many other such examples, you probably know of the practice of putting the winkers of the donkey on the sufferer and leading him around the pigsty. This is usually used to treat mumps or whooping cough. The patient, wearing the winkers, may also be led to a south-flowing river, where he drinks the water directly from the stream. Another method is to lead him across the stream.

Warts may be treated in many ways; one method is for the patient to pick up pebbles, one for each wart and place them at a cross roads. The intention is that the person who picks up the pebbles will get the warts. Another example of a transference cure for whooping cough – it is only necessary to go to the curer and tell him about the case, and it is cured in this way.

You all know about different methods of treating warts in children. All the different methods may be classified, as washing cures, wasting cures, and transference cures. Here is another transference cure: The sufferer must touch the coat of a man who never saw his father. One may also bring the warts from the sufferer.

Washing may be done, in the water of many holy wells, or in the water found in a hollow in a stone. This is especially efficacious if come upon by the patient when he is not looking for it. Certain wells are famous; one at Clonard Co. Meath, and one at Clonmacnois. The use of forge water will also cure warts but there is a difficulty – the forge water must be stolen. Wasting cures are equally effective. Here the warts may be rubbed with a piece of bacon which must be stolen. A piece of raw meat may also be used, and then it is necessary that the meat be buried in clay. As the meat decays so will the warts. Another type of wasting cure is the use of a black snail to rub the warts. The snail is then impaled on a thorn, and as it shrivels and withers so will the warts.

And here is a method of treating warts in cattle from Lemanaghan in Co. Offaly.
The warts are bathed in the water of the saint’s well. Then some leaves are pulled from a tree beside the well and buried in the earth. As the leaves decay, so will the warts. This one combined both washing and wasting.

In the same neighbourhood there is a method of treating a burn which must be thousands of years old. The last man who had this cure, the late Larry Ruttledge, did not leave it to anyone. The person who wished to acquire the power to heal burns by licking them was told to go to a certain spot where he is likely to find an alp luachra this is the common water newt. He must pick it up and lick its back nine times and put it back on the ground. This had to be repeated on nine successive days and on the ninth day the alp luachra died. When the person seeking the cure returned to the same spot on the following day the dead alp was gone, and he then knew that he had acquired the power in his tongue.

Some other animals may be licked to acquire the power to heal burns. I have heard of frogs and leeches. In all cases the explanation given is that the tongue of the licker has acquired a poison from the animal and this poison is able to overcome the poison in the burn.

The idea of ability to get healing power from a lower animal is very old, and is found in Anglo-Saxon magic medicine. It may be worth mentioning that the Alp Luachra had a day of glory in the history of Irish medicine. On 26th May, 1684, Thomas Molyneux used it to demonstrate the circulation of the blood before the members of the Dublin Philosophical Society – probably the first time it was demonstrated in a reptile.(Minute book of the Society.).

Holy Well Photographs at : St. Gobnait’s, Ballyvourney, Cork ; St. Fintan’s, Cromogue, Laois (Queen’s Co.) ;  7 Holy Well’s, Killeigh, Offaly (King’s Co.)

Published in Teathbha, The Journal of the Longford Historical Society.

Vol II. No. 1. July 1980

Part III: Irish Folk Medicine: Colours and Blood

1659 Census, Demifoure Baron, Co. Westmeath

The following has been transcribed from ‘A Census of Ireland, c. 1659, with Supplementary Material from the Poll Money Ordinances (1660-1661)’ edited by Séamus Pender, and published by the Stationery Office, Dublin in 1939. Parishes and placenames as found in the 1851 ‘General Alphabetical Index to the Townlands and Towns, Parishes and Baronies of Ireland’ , originally published in Dublin in 1861, and re-printed by the Genealogical Publishing Company Inc., 1997, have been added in brackets beside the placenames as spelled in ‘A Census of Ireland – when identifiable.

According to Pender, W. H. Hardinge, M.R.I.A., announced his discovery of what has since been known as the Census of Ireland, (1659), in a paper read before the Royal Irish Academy in 1864.

The term ‘Titulado’, which appears through these returns, refers to the principal person or persons of standing in any locality ; such a person could have been of either sex, a nobleman, baronet, gentleman, esquire, military officer, or adventurer. A Titulado may have been a land-owner, but did not necessarily own land.

This census, does not give the names of individuals in any townland – other than those of the titullado or titulladoes. For each parish, we are given the surnames of the Irish people who lived in that parish, and the number of times that each surname occurs. We are given the total number of people who lived in any townland, and how many of them were Irish or English. The placename spellings for the most part differ to those of 1851, and in some cases, it may be that the barony boundaries changed post 1659, so that while a townland is found listed in the Townlands directory of 1851, the barony that it is listed under differs from that of 1659. The same seems to occur at the parish level.


Principall Irish Names & their Number
Brady, 7 ; Browne, 9 ; O Connor 9 ; Donoghow, 11 ; Fagan, 57 ; Fay, 7 ; Fox, 7 ; Kearnan, 9 ; Kelly, 9 ; Lency, 10 ; Mullgan & Mulligan, 8 ; Murphy, 9 ; Murtagh, 12 ; Newgent, 22 ; Relye, 13 ; Fitzsymons, 14 ; Symons, 7 ; Terrell, 7.

Foyran Parish
Foyran townland:
No. People : 18
English : 0 ; Irish 18
Tituladoes Names : Christopher Fitzsymons, gent

Rachand townland (Rathshane)
No. People : 8
English : 0 ; Irish 8

Ballintullagh townland:
No. People : 34
English : 0 ; Irish 34
Tituladoes Names : Richard Kearnan, gent

Ballinskarig townland:
No. People : 8
English : 0 ; Irish 8

Munny townland: (Money)
No. People : 26
English : 2 ; Irish 24

Togher townland:
No. People : 18
English : 0 ; Irish 18

Williams towne :
No. People : 5
English : 0 ; Irish 5

Fynagh townland: (Finnea)
No. People : 94
English : 18 ; Irish 76
Tituladoes Names : Nicholas Hoyse, gent

Tullinally townland:
No. People : 56
English : 12 ; Irish 44
Tituladoes Names : Gabriel Begge & Thomas Louton, Esqrs.

Mayne Parish

Carne townland: (Carn)
No. People : 19
English : 0 ; Irish 19

Williams towne townland: (Williamstown)
No. People : 10
English : 0 ; Irish 10

Dyrae townland: (Derrya)
No. People : 3
English : 0 ; Irish 3

Culure townland:
No. People : 16
English : 0 ; Irish 16

Mayne towne
No. People : 22
English : 0 ; Irish 22

Turbotts towne
No. People : 21
English : 2 ; Irish 19
Tituladoes Names : John Clerke, Peter Prench & John Browne, gent

Monck Towne (Monktown)
No. People : 6
English : 0 ; Irish 6

Tituladoes Names: Phillipp Sulevane, gent

Rathgarrane parish (Rathgarve)

Millcastle townland:
No. People : 27
English : 2 ; Irish 25

Rahin townland: (Raheen)
No. People : 3
English : 0 ; Irish 3

Balemanus townland: (Ballymanus)
No. People : 8
English : 0 ; Irish 8

Kinturke & Ballnagross townland: (listed twice) (Kinturk)
No. People : 37
English : 15 ; Irish 22

Rathgarrane townland: (Rathgarve)
No. People : 11
English : 0 ; Irish 11

Ballicamcoyle townland: (Ballycomoyle)
No. People : 29
English : 3 ; Irish 26
Tituladoes Names : Barthollomew Dardis, gent

Kinturke & Ballnagross townland: (listed twice)
No. People : 41
English : 0 ; Irish 41

Turme townland: (Tromra)
No. People : 9
English : 0 ; Irish 9

Stone towne (Stonestown)
No. People : 5
English : 0 ; Irish 5

Bratty townland:
No. People : 20
English : 2 ; Irish 18
Tituladoes Names : Richard Andrewes, gent

Moor towne of Learchyll:
No. People : 3
English : 0 ; Irish 3

Ballany townland:
No. People : 4
English : 0 ; Irish 4

Wind towne
No. People : 4
English : 0 ; Irish 4

Hamons towne
No. People : 4
English : 0 ; Irish 4

St. Fahins Parish (St. Feighan’s)

Rannaghan townland: (Ranaghan)
No. People : 53
English : 2 ; Irish 51
Tituladoes Names : James Nugent, gent

Templens towne (Templanstown)
No. People : 12
English : 0 ; Irish 12

Hill towne (Hilltown)
No. People : 17
English : 0 ; Irish 17

St. Fehin Parish (St. Feighan’s)

Lienhill townland:
No. People : 15
English : 9 ; Irish 6

Carpinters towne townland: (Carpenterstown)
No. People : 33
English : 0 ; Irish 33
Tituladoes Names : Robert Nugent, gent

Corballis townland: (Corbally)
No. People : 8
English : 0 ; Irish 8

Gillards towne (Gillardstown)
No. People : 42
English : 0 ; Irish 42

Callaghs towne
No. People : 23
English : 0 ; Irish 23

Clenegeragh townland: (Clonnageragh)
No. People : 14
English : 0 ; Irish 14
Tituladoes Names : Robert Nugent, gent

Lickblae Parish (Lickbla)
Castle towne
No. People : 16
English : 0 ; Irish 16

Ardnagross towne
No. People : 6
English : 0 ; Irish 6

Carrollans towne (Carlanstown)
No. People : 37
English : 19 ; Irish 18

Dirracraffe townland: (Derrycrave)
No. People : 5
English : 0 ; Irish 5

Lickblae townland: (Lickbla)
No. People : 47
English : 0 ; Irish 47

Rathcrivae townland: (Rathcreevagh)
No. People : 13
English : 0 ; Irish 13

Killpatrick Parish
Gillbers towne
No. People : 7
English : 0 ; Irish 7

Comaim townland:
No. People : 3
English : 0 ; Irish 3

Killpatrick townland:
No. People : 47
English : 0 ; Irish 47

Clondaliner townland: (Clondalevery)
No. People : 6
English : 0 ; Irish 6

Drumhurlin townland:
No. People : 2
English : 2 ; Irish 0

Tuits towne (Tuitestown)
No. People : 18
English : 3 ; Irish 15

Bellanavyne townland:
No. People : 20
English : 0 ; Irish 20

Christons towne
No. People : 8
English : 0 ; Irish 8

Commers towne
No. People : 34
English : 0 ; Irish 34

Martins towne
No. People : 8
English : 0 ; Irish 8

Castle Martin townland:
No. People : 7
English : 0 ; Irish 7

Foure townland:
No. People : 36
English : 0 ; Irish 36

Glanidan townland:
No. People : 33
English : 0 ; Irish 33

Lady Fahaltowne Parish (Faughalstown)
Foure townland:
No. People : 27
English : 0 ; Irish 27

Derengarran townland: (Derrynagarragh)
No. People : 60
English : 9 ; Irish 51
Tituladoes Names : William Markham, Esq.

Gartlans towne (Gartlandstown)
No. People : 42
English : 0 ; Irish 42

Streams towne (Streamstown)
No. People : 27
English : 0 ; Irish 27
Tituladoes Names : Richard Nugent, gent.

Killtume townland: (Kiltoom)
No. People : 38
English : 9 ; Irish 29

Emigration and Education Statistics, 1931, Co. Westmeath


Westmeath, an inland county in the province of Leinster is bounded on the north-west by county Longford. On the north-east and east by county Meath, on the south by Offaly (King’s county) and on the west by county Roscommon. Its length from Athlone to the boundary near Killua Castle is 43 ½ miles and its breadth from Lough Sheelin to Kinnegad is 26 miles.


The ancient districts of North and South Teffia represented respectively the west of this county and the adjoining county of Longford, being separated along the county boundary by the river Inny. The territory of the Mac Geoghegans was approximately the barony of Moycashel, its ancient name being Kinelagh. The barony of Kilkenny West was the ancient territory called Curene. Tuathal, King of Ireland in the first century erected and lived in a palace on the Hill of Ushnagh, between Lough Ennel and Ballymore, and here there was an annual gathering for games and pagan exercises. The five provinces into which Ireland was then divided converged on this hill, and a stone known as Ailll na Mirenn marking this spot is still to be seen, its name signifying “the stone of the divisions.”


The greater part of the county is level, there are no mountains, but in the barony of Fore, and other districts there are a few smaller hills, and there is a considerable tract of boggy land chiefly in the south and east.

The River Inny flowing from Lough Sheelin to Lough Kinale and again from Lough Kinale till it goes into Westmeath pursues its course forming the boundary with county Cavan, and afterwards at intervals, the boundary with county Longford, eventually flowing into Longford through Lough Ree. Its tributaries are the Glore, which rises near Castlepollard, the Gaine coming from Lough Drin, the Riffey from Longford, the Rath rising near the Hill of Usnagh, the Tang and its chief tributary, Dungolman River. The Brosna flows through Mullingar into Lough Ennell, and leaving it flows through Kilbeggan, subsequently forming the boundary with Offaly (King’s) county. The rivers on the western part of the county flow into the Shannon, those on the east contributing to swell the waters of the River Boyne.

Lakes are the principal feature in scenery of this county. Lough Ree is a large expansion of the River Shannon above Athlone, with Lough Killinure and Coosan Lake on the Westmeath side. Loughs Sheelin and Kinale are on the northern boundary; there are several small lakes on the east. Glenlough is on the north-west and on the north-east are Lough Naneagh, White Lough and Lough Bane. In the neighbourhood of Mullingar are Lough Ennell which is 5 miles by 2 miles;Lough Owel, 4 miles by 2; Lake Derravarragh, 9 miles long, widening at one point to 3 miles. There are many small lakes in this neighbourhood and elsewhere through the county.

The Islands in Lough Ree on the Westmeath side nearly all contain church ruins, they are Inchmore, Nun’s Island, Inishturk, Leveret and Hare island. In the latter St. Kieran who founded Clonmacnoise, first erected a church, and in Inisbofin there are ecclesiastical ruins, including those of a church built in the 6th century. Malachy, King of Ireland, is said to have died in 1022, at Croincha, one of the islands in Lough Ree.





Total Pop.

63,904 64,915 128,819

67,700 69,172 138,872

70,383 70,917 141,300

56,095 55,312 111,407

46,218 44,661 90,879

39,804 38,628 78,432

36,478 35,320 71,798

33,927 31,182 65,109

31,880 29,749 61,629

31,910 28,076 59,986

30,114 26,682 56,818

Families and Houses in 1926

The number of families in the county was 12,402, the average number in each family being 4.2. The number of inhabited houses was 12,231 showing an average of 4.6 persons to each house. The special inmates of public institutions are omitted from these calculations.

There were in the county 9,418 Occupiers or Heads of Families who were in occupation of less than five rooms, being 75.9% of the total for the county; of these, 516, or 4.1% of the families in the county occupied one room; 1,768, or 14.3% , 2 rooms; 3,622 or 29.2%, 3 rooms; and 3,12 or 28.3%, occupied 4 rooms.

There were in the county 217 tenements in which the room had only one occupant; 247 cases where the room had 2-4 occupants; 50 cases in which there were 5-7 occupants and 1 case where 10 persons occupied the same room.

Birthplace of Inhabitants

Of the population in 1926, 78.29% were born in the county, 19.07 % in other counties in Saorstat Eireann. 0.75% in Northern Ireland, 1.27% in Great Britain, and 0.62% were born abroad.


In 1911 there were in the county 50,410 persons aged 9 years and upwards; of these 44,876 or 89% could read and write; 1,579 or 3.2% could read only; and 3,955 or 7.8% were illiterate. As this is the first census where the age was raised from 5 to 9 it is not possible to compare figures for earlier censuses. However, the report states that the percentage of those of 5 years and upwards who were unable to read and write was 24.6% in 1891, 17.1% in 1901 and had fallen to 14.8% in 1901.

IRISH SPEAKING (1861-1911)

of people
1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911

Irish only
0 0 0 0 5 0

Irish & English
583 276 828 338 686 2,906
% of
0.5 0.4 1.2 0.5 1.1 3.5

RELIGIONS, 1871-1926 (% of population)

1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926

Roman Catholic
91.5 92.2 92.23 91.96 91.32 95.41

Church of Ireland
7.7 6.9 6.88 6.93 7.58 4.05

0.4 0.4 0.43 0.52 0.57 0.26

0.2 0.3 0.32 0.41 0.34 0.12

0.2 0.2 0.14 0.18 0.19 0.16

EMIGRATION (1861-1911)

1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911
18,587 11,309 7,347 6,695 3,354 2,597

Ordnance Survey Letters, Place Names of Co. Westmeath

The Ordnance Survey Letters referring to the County. Abridged & Edited.

Rev. Paul Walshe, M.A. Published 1915

Inis Ainghin identified – The parish of Bunowen.

September 1, 1837

Dear Sir,
After having studied the islands of Lough Ree day and night for three months, I succeeded at last in identifying all to a demonstration. It would have been easier to do if nothing had been written upon them since the days of Colgan, but the writings of Ware, Harris, Archdall and Lanigan, from which I have extracts very carefully made by O’Keefe, have bewildered me like so many ‘ignes fatui’ The difficulty which presented itself to me from the commencement was to identify these three islands, Inis Éndaimh, Inis Clothrann, Inis Ainghin. What are there modern names? The remaining islands retain their ancient names to this very day.
Yesterday being a glorious day, O’Conor and I hired a boat at Athlone, and we rowed up Lough Ree with considerable rapidity. The scenery is magical, but tame and tranquil, Slieve Baane being the only object which adds a little sublimity. Lough Ree is thick set with very beautiful islands sparsely scattered in it, here a cluster, there a solitary island. We landed on Carbry’s island to see if it contained anything of antiquarian interest and to learn if possible, who the Carbry was from whom it received its name, but it contains nothing but a cottage belonging to Mr. Naghten. From this, we proceeded to Hare island, a large island, wooded with native timber, and containing a good large cottage belonging to Lord Castlemaine. This, I said to myself, was very imposing to an early saint to settle upon it ; let us try if we could discover any monument of its early inhabitation by God’s blessed people. We landed, and were struck very forcibly with the civilisation of the place. Mrs. Duffy, and whose husband took care of the house and the island, at once showed us a small church of the primitive age, but with its lancet windows very much injured. I asked her how long she was living on the island, and she said 40 years. “Did you ever hear any name on the church?” “No.” “Did you ever hear any name on the island but Hare island?” “No.” “Why was it called Hare island?” “From the number of hares and rabbits that used to be on it, but there is not one now.” “When did it cease to be a burial place?” “About 100 years ago as the old people say” “Is there any holy well on the island?” “There is”; and she walked to the place and showed it. It lies near the shore, and is now nearly choked up with briars and rotten branches. “Has this well any name?” “No.” “How do you know then, that it is a holy well?” “When I came to live here about 40 years ago, I saw rags tied on the bushes which then grew over it, and the old woman who had the care of the island before me, told me not to use the water of it for washing, or boiling potatoes, that it was a blessed well, and it might not be proper use for it.” “Is that old woman still living?” “She lives in Cuasan, just opposite my finger on the other side of the water; her name is Rose Killen.” “Do you think she knows the old names of the island, the church and the well?” “It is very likely that she does, because she, and I believe her father before her, was born on the island, and she knows Irish, which I do not.” “Did you ever hear that there was any old stone with old letters or crosses on it?” “Indeed there was, and I saw many gentlemen striving to read it, but no one ever did, or could. I was looking for it here the other day, but could not find it.” “Do you think that anyone would steal it?” “No.” I looked for it and found it. It is exactly like Petrie’s Clonmacnoise stones and inscribed thus:

It means ‘Pray for Tuathal O Huran (see note at end)

We got across to Cuasan and made out Rose Killen, whom I questioned very cautiously. “What was the name of the holy well on Hare Island?” “I never heard it, but I often saw people make stations at it.” “What used the people call Hare island in Irish?” “Inse Ainín” “That’s all right” said I. She then went on to tell me that three lords of the name Dillon are interred in the graveyard, and that she often heard it said that the Dillons built a friary on the island.

O’Conor has found that the old people living in the parish of Bunowen all remember Ins’ Ainín is the Irish name of Hare island. Now, the only question meaning to be settled is, can there be any doubt as to whether Inse Ainín be the Inis Ainghin of the old writers. It will be seen at once from analogy that Ainghin would be pronounced Ainín, for Caoimhghin is pronounced Caoimhín at Castlereagh and Finghin is pronounced Finín in every part of Ireland. There is no doubt about this, and no one will ever now question it.

The Down survey calls this island ‘Inchigin alias Hare Island’ but it is not ‘Inchigin’ – here a mis-transcript for Inchingin’? The inquisitions make frequent mention of ‘Inishingine’ or ‘Inishingyn iacens in Lough Rey continens i cartronam’ which is certainly the Hare island.

The three islands are, then at once identifiable, and retain their names to this day. Ancient Inis Éndaimh is modern Inse Éanach, near Lanesboro. The local plural of éan ‘a bird’ is éanacha, g. éanach, and the natives imagining that Inis Éndaimh means ‘birds’ island, pronounced it Inse Éanach, instead of Inse Éannaimh. Ancient Inis Clothrann is modern Inse Cloithrinn, the Quaker’s island. Ancient Inis Ainghin is modern Inse Ainín, Hare island.

From the Hare island, we proceeded to Friar’s island to see if it contained any remains of a friary. There is not a trace of a monastery now to be seen on it.
The parish of Bunowen is called in Irish Bun abhann, signifying ‘river mouth’, a name originally given to the townland in which the old church is situated, and from its position at the mouth of a small river called the Glasson river, which rises in Loughmakeegan, near Mr. Smithfield’s residence in Sunfield. (The name Saintfield is an accurate translation of the old Irish name for the place ‘Achadh na gréine’. John Hogan, the son of a Dublin solicitor, settled there in 1805 and called it Auburn)

The parish was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, as appears from a holy well,’Tobar Mhuire’, or Ladywell, situated close to the north west of the old church, at which stations were formerly performed on September 8, which is now the patron day of Bunowen and the other parish which is united to it.

(Walsh Note: At the outbreak of the rebellion of 1641 the townland of Bunowen was the property of Pierce Dillon and Thomas Dillon. In a patent of the year 1669 we find granted to certain persons named Goodwin ‘the castle towne and all the forfeited lands of Bunowen.’ Bunowen included the subdivisions of Tullimore (Tulach Mór = Great Hill), with a mill; Bogganboy (Bogán buidhe’ = Yellow soft ground) and Aghacurra (perhaps Acadh coradh = field of the weir, was it was situated by the river side)

In this parish, in the townland of Portlick, there was a castle, said to have been built by the Dillons, and repaired by Mr. Smyth who occupies it at present. ‘Port lice’ , which means ‘bank of the flag’ is said to have received its name from a flag on the bank of the lough on which women used to beetle clothes.

(Walsh note: Portlick belonged to the Dillon’s before Cromwell’s time. After the Restoration in 1663, Thomas Viscount Dillon, head of the Mayo branch of the family recovered it. His representative Theobald Dillon, was killed at the Battle of Aughrim. The Smyth family got possession of the place early in the 18th century.)

The people here well remember that the ancient name of the barony of Kilkenny West was Cuircneach and that it was the country of the Dillons, the ruins of whose castles are pointed out at Ballynacliffy, Littletown, Ballynakill and Portlick. (see note)

Your obedient servant,
John O’Donovan.

Walsh notes: The Dillons had several castles besides these mentioned. Ballynacliffy is Baile na cloiche = the town of the stone castle

The Parish of Ballyloughloe
September 4, 1837

Dear Sir,
The parish of Ballyloughloe derived that name from a small village of the same name, situated about five miles east and north of Athlone, in which the parish church and chapel are situated. But the people never call the parish Ballyloughloe, but Calree, which was the ancient name of Magawley’s country in Westmeath. The name Ballyloughloe seems to have been originally that of a castle situated on the bank of a lake called Loch Luatha, and to have been in latter ages transferred to the parish. Of this castle only one vault now remains, but its site should be marked on the ordnance map. I was always under the impression that Ballyloughloe was an English castle or garrison, but I find that tradition ascribes the erection of it to Magawley, the Irish chief of Calree.
(Fr. Walsh notes: Loch Luatha is called Loch maighe luatha and Loch Maighe uatha, also Loch maige uath. The ancient tale of the Hostel of Da choga explains these variants. The plain extending eastwards from Athlone, in the direction of the modern town of Moate, was anciently called Magh n-uatha, and the lake would then be Loch Maighe uatha “the lake of Magh n-uatha”. When the Hostel was destroyed by the Connacht people, Luath, the wife of Da choga, escaped to this spot, “and a burst of gore brake from her heart, so that from her Loch Luatha is named.” The similarity of the names led to confusion.)

The following are the chief remarkable places of Ballyloughloe:
1. The lake called Loch luatha. This has been drained and is now just dried up. It lies to the north of the old house of Mount Temple, and about four years ago it covered about 2 acres during the winter months. It still pours out a stream, which turns a mill at the townland of Creeve, and flows on to the Shannon.
2. The site of Magawley’s castle of Ballyloughloe, of which nothing remains but one vault as already remarked
3. Dunegan castle, now a ruin, in the townland of the same name
4. Not far from the site of the castle of Ballyloughloe is shown the site of a small abbey, but no remains of any walls. Imediately to the west of the site of the abbey is a fine spring called Fuarán, which is the general term for a cold spring throughout the district. To the east of the abbey lies a subdivision of the townland of Mount Temple, containing about one hundred acres called Grianán, which name it receives from a fort which stands upon it.
(Walsh notes: there is not and never has been a townland called Ballyloughloe. Two townland names at least, which were in use until the Cromwellian period were obliterated by the Temple family, who gave the name Mount Temple to the place. These appear in the Down Survey map and in the Book of Surveys as Grynan and Monkestowne. The castle was situated on Grynan)
5. Near the Protestant church are the ruins of a small chapel, said to have been built by the Magawleys, chiefs of Calree.

Calraighe was certainly the ancient name of a territory comprising the parish of Ballyloughloe, as appears from several evidences
1. The parish is always called Calree by the people
2. There is a chapel in Ballynurry called the chapel of Calree
3. There is a townland in the parish called Boyanagh Calree
4. The hill of Tullymagawley preserves as a ‘monumentum aere perennius’ the name of the ancient Lord of the soil. It was perhaps, the hill on which Mag Amhalghadha was inaugurated. Mag Amhalghadha of Calraighe an chalaidh is of the southern Uí Néill, and descends from Maine, the progenitor of the men of Teffia.
The following ruins of castles are still to be seen in this territory of Calraighe, and if, according to tradition, they all belonged to Magawley, he must have been a chief of no small power:
1. The castle of Carn
2. the castle of Creeve
3. The castle of Cloghamarshall (Cloghmarichall)
4. the castle of Moydrum.

An esker (Gairbh-eiscir ‘rough eiscir) or low ridge of sand hills runs very conspicuously through this parish, and in the townland of Mount Temple, is cut across and formed into a military moat of ample dimensions and remarkable height, and I should not at all be surprised if this moat, with its attendant residences was the feature originally called ‘Baile loch luatha’. It appears from the Book of Lecan that this esker could not be the celebrated boundary called ‘Eiscir Riada’ which extends from Dublin to Galway, as that ridge strikes Clonard, Moylena (two miles north of Tullamore), and Clonmacnoise.

It is now one o’clock at night.

Your obedient servant,
John O’Donovan.

Bruidhean da choga – The Parish of Drumrany – The parish of St. Mary’s (Brawny) – The parish of Kilkenny West.


September 6th, 1837

Dear Sir,
We took a long journey through the territory of Machaire Chuircne and identified ‘Bruidhean da choga’ at once. It is on a very conspicuous hill in the parish of Drumrany, situated about six Irish miles to the north east of Athlone. It originally gave the name of Breen to a ballybetagh, but in latter times it has been divided into the following divisions, which are now considered townlands: Breenmore Upper, Breenmore Lower, Breenbeg Upper, Breenbeg Lower. The bruidhean itself is situated in the townland of Breenmore Upper.
It is a fort of earth two hundred and four paces in circumference and containing within it the ruins of a castle, the erection of which tradition ascribes to the Dillons, who were lords of Cuircneach from the period of the English Invasion. There was originally a large circle of stones surrounding the fort, from which it might be inferred, perhaps, that it was used for religious purposes as well as for defence. This circle is now much injured, but it can still be traced. The castle is now a formless mass of ruins, but the fathers of the present old natives remember to have seen a considerable portion of it standing, which was used as a ball alley, and visited by the best ball players then in Ireland, England and America. On Petty’s printed map of Westmeath, Brinemore is shown as a castle and placed nearly midway between Athlone and Ballymore Loughsewdy. There can be no doubt that this fort is the Bruidhean da choga of the ancients. It is in Machaire Chuircne: “The Judiciary of Ireland plundered the castle of Bruidhean da choga in Machaire Churcne.” It contains a castle within it which is always called by the Irish Caisléan na Bruidhne, and what is stronger proof, there is no other place called Bruidhean in Cuircne. The word bruidhean (pronounced breen) is understood throughout Ireland to mean a fairy place, but it appears from ancient Irish tales that the word was used to signify any splendid house.

The patron saint of Drumrany is Enóg, whose memory was celebrated here on September 18th, and whose pattern was held on the Sunday following. His well is called Tobar Enáin, from which one might suppose Enán and Enóg are synonymous. The well lay in the townland of Drumrany near the old church, but was smothered up twenty years ago by George Lennon, Esq.

In the townland of Carrickaneha in this parish is a large rock said to have been cast thither by one of the giants from Knockaisty hill in the parish of Killare, a distance of three miles. He intended to send it further, but failed by some mischance or other. Carraig an éithigh signifies ‘the rock of the lie’.

In a bog lying a short distance to the east of the townland of Ballycloduff, in this parish, rises a stream which is of very great importance to the topographer, for tradition is constant and unchanging as referring to it as th natural boundary between the territories of Cuircne, Calraighe and Breaghmhaine (Brawny). Cormac Martin, a very old man of eighty seven years, a farmer, living in the townland of Curraghroodle, at the foot of Bruidhean da choga, told me with great confidence that the stream divides the ancient patrimonies of three ancient families of Westmeath, namely the country of Dillon of Cuircneach from those of Mac Amhalghadha of Calraighe and O Braoin of Breaghmhaine. This strem takes various names according to the lands through which is flows, but Athbreen (Breensford) seems to be the most current name of it.

On Crosshill (in the townland of Twyford), in the parish of Ballyloughloe, there is a curious sculptured ancient cross, said to have been removed from an old graveyard in Twy by the father of the present Lord Castlemaine. No trace of this graveyard is now visible, but the cross proves that there was an ancient church there.

Cormac Martin says that it is the constant tradition in the country that O Braoin’s country extended to Athbreen. Tradition says that the castles of Cuasan and Garrycastle in the parish of St. Mary’s, were built by the same family of O Braoin. Edward O Breen, of Darroge, near Ballymahon, is the present senior of the name, and his father who was called Cornet O Breen, held Garrycastle and some of the adjoining country until about twenty years ago when he sold or mortgaged it to Mr. Machum. It is said that his son has since recovered part of it. They all write the name O Brien or O Bryan now, which will confound them with those of Thomond. Cuasan castle is so called from a curious cave (cuasán) lying near it.
(Walsh note on Edward O’Brien (E. O Breen above). Edward O’Brien who settled at Darroge on his marriage (in 1817 or thereabouts) with Elizabeth, ony daughter of Robert Sandys of Creevaghmore, in Longford, was the son of John Aylward O Brien of Bessford, in the same county. He had five children, two sons, Percy and Edwin, both of whom died without issue, and three daughters, Caroline, Emily and Frances. The representatives of Caroline, who married Samuel Halliday of New York, and Frances who married James O Brien of Ormond Quay, Dublin inherited the property. They had an interest in the lands of Taylorstown, otherwise Habsborough, in Mullingar parish.)

Kilkenny was originally the name of a church erected by or dedicated to St. Canice, the patron saint of Ciannacht in the county of Derry, and of Achadh Bó and Cill Chainnigh in Ossory, but was afterwards extended to the townland and parish, and afterwards again to a castle of the Dillons, which gave name to the barony. The word West is added to distinguish it from the great Kilkenny in Ossory. The ruins of Cainneach’s little oratory are still pointed out in the townland of Kilkenny, as also the remains of the castle. Near the ruins of Cainneach’s chapel still springs a well called Tobar Chainnigh, which is fast losing its sanctity. There are also some ruins of a monastery in the same townland which Sir Henry Piers states to have been an establishment of the Knights Templars, and which was founded according to Lodge, (Peerage i. 145,) by Thomas great grandson of Sir Henry Dillon (who came to Ireland in 1185) a priest, who was buried therein. In this parish are also in ruins the castles of Ballynakill, Littletown and Ballynacliffy, and the nunnery of Bethlehem.

Your obedient servant,
John O Donovan

Presbyterian (Seceders) Synod, 1833: Congregation Index

Roman Catholic Parishes, 1836: Parish Index

This page features a list of over 1,300 record parishes from the Roman Catholic Parishes index of 1836.

Official Authorities, 1834, Co. Westmeath

1821 : 128,819
1831 : 148,161

Constituency : 1,395

Montagu Lowther Chapman, Esq., eldest son of Sir Thomas Chapman, Bart. 1, Manchester Buildings, London, England ; & Killua Castle, Athboy
Sir Richard Nagle, Bart. James’-town House, Co. Westmeath

The Most Noble the Marquess of Westmeath. Clonyn, Co. Westmeath ; & Clonteem, Co. Roscommon

Edward Briscoe, Esq., Grandgemore

The Right Honorable Earl of Longford.Pakenham Hall, Co. Westmeath ; & Rutland square, Dublin.

Viscount Castlemaine, Moydrum Castle
Lord Kilmaine, Gaulstown park
Admirable Sir Thomas Pakenham, Coolure
Sir Richard Levinge, Bart., Knockdrin Castle
Sir James Nugent, Bart., Donore
Richard Handcock, Esq., Athlone
Hugh Morgan Tuite, Esq., Sonna
William Dutton Pollard, Esq., Kinturk
Robert Handcock Temple, Esq., Waterstown
John Charles Lyons, Esq., Ladiston
Edward Briscoe, Esq., Grangemore
Robert Daniel, Esq., Newforest


Surname & Name Title Address
Edmund Henry
George Thomas John
Arabin Charles
Arbuthnot Thomas
Barlow Robert
Batty Robert Fitzherbert
Bond Alexander Perry
Briscoe Edward
Briscoe William
Brown Chaworth
Carter Samson
Cavendish John
Chapman Montagu Lowther
Chapman Thomas
Clibborne Cuthbert John
Cooke William
Crossley Arthur
Cuppaidge Richard
Daly Joseph Morgan
Daly Owen
Daniel Henry
Daniel Robert
D’Arcy John
Dease Gerald
Dennis Meade
Dillon Andrew
Drought George Meares
Evans Nicholas
Fetherston H. James
Fetherston H. Richard Steele
Fetherston H. Theobald
Fetherston H. Thomas
Fetherston H. William
Gibbons James, jun.
Gibbs John
Graham William
Gray St. George
Gresson George Leslie
Handcock Richard
Handcock Richard, jun.
Harvey John
Henry Laurence
Hodson William Armstrong
Hogan John
Holmes G. A.
Hovenden Nicholas
Kelly Charles
Lambert Gustavus
Langstaff James
Levinge Richard
Levinge Richard H.
Lyons John Charles
Magan William Henry
Malone Richard (& Pallas Park, King’s Co. (Offaly))
Meares John Devenish
Meares William Devenish
Moffatt Robert
Murphy Patrick Edward
Murray Alexander
Nagle Richard
Nugent James
Nugent Percy
Nugent Thomas Hugh
O’Donoughue Daniel
Ogle Nicholas
Osborne Daniel Toler
Packenham Thomas
Pollard William Dutton
Pollock Hugh
Reilly William Adams
Robinson William
Rochfort Gustavus Hume
Rotherdam Thomas
Smyth Francis Pratt
Smyth Ralph
Smyth Robert
Smyth Rovert
Smyth William Barlow
Sproule Robert
Swift Richard
Temple Robert Handcock
Thompson Henry Walker
Tighe Robert Morgan
Tuite Henry Morgan
Uniacke Thomas
Warburton Bartholomew
Warburton George
Webb Richard
West James
Wilcocks Richard
Wills John
Marquess of Downshire
Earl of Limerick
Viscount Forbes
Marquess of Westmeath
Earl of Longford
Viscount Castlemaine
Major General Sir, K.C.B.
Major (Police Magistrate)
Baron Kilmaine
Sir, Bart.
Esq., (Police Magistrate)
Captain, 64th Regt.
Esq., (Police Magistrate)
Sir, Knt., Inspector Gen. Police
Captain, 59th Regt.
Sir, Bart.
Sir, Bart.
Sir, Bart.
Sir, Bart.
Major, Police Magistrate
Lieut.-Colonel (Police Magistrate)
Esq., (Sub-Insp. of Police)
Esq., (Police Magistrate)
Major (Ins. Gen. of Police)
Sir, Knt.
Hillsborough, Co. Down
Not given
Castle Forbes, Newtownforbes (Longford)
Clonyn, Castletown Delvin
Packenham Hall, Castlepollard
Moydrum Castle, Athlone
Moyvoighly, Moate
Not given
Annebrook, Mullingar
Ballyhealy, Castletown Delvin
Not given
Grangemore, Killucan
Riversdale, Killucan
Wilson’s Hospital, Rathowen
Not given
Gaulstown, Rochfort Bridge
Killua Castle, Athboy
Killua Castle, Athboy
Moate Castle, Moate
Cottage, Athlone
Not given
Castle Daly, Moate
Mornington, Mullingar
Newforest, Tyrrelspass
Newforest, Tyrrelspass
High Park, Killucan
Turbotstown, Castlepollard
Union hill, Mullingar
Not given
Not given
Loughpark, Castlepollard
Rockview, Castletown Delvin
Rockview, Castletown Delvin
Mosstown, Ballymore
Not given
Carrick, Mullingar
Ballinagall, Mullingar
Walderstown, Glasson
Horseleap, Kilbeggan
Not given
Clonmaskil, Castletown Delvin
La Mancha, Mullingar
Auburn, Glasson
Moycashel, Kilbeggan
Not given
Charleville, Ballincarrig
Beaupark (Co. Meath), Slane
Longfield, Mullingar
Knockdrin Castle, Mullingar
Levington Park, Mullingar
Ladiston, Mullingar
Clonearl, Phillipstown
Barronstown, Ballynacarrig
Not given
Not given
Glebe House, Athlone
Ballinaclona, Mullingar
Not given
Jamestown, Kilbeggan
Ballinlough, Castletown Delvin
Donore, Mullingar
Not given
Not given
Dysart, Castletown Delvin
Not given
Coolure, Castlepollard
Kinturk Castlepollard
Not given
Belmont, Mullingar
Anneville, Mullingar
Rochfort, Mullingar
Larkfield, Mullingar
Ralphsdale, Drumcree
Drumcree house, Drumcree
Gaybrook, Mullingar
Barbavilla, Drumcree
Kindivin, Rathowen
Lynn, Mullingar
Waterstown, Glasson
Not given
Mitchelstown, Castletown Delvin
Sonna, Mullingar
Rochfort, Mullingar
Not given
Not given
Not given
Rath, Ballinacarrig
Palmerstown, Co. Dublin
Not given

Militia Staff stationed at Mullingar
Colonel : The Marquess of Westmeath
Adjutant : Captain C. Daly
Agents: Armit & Co.

Clerk of the Crown : A.H.C. Pollock, Esq.
Deputy Clerk of the Crown : George Gibbs, Esq., 119 Stephen’s Green, West
Clerk of the Peace : John Ardill, Esq.
Deputy clerk of the Peace : Thomas Ardill, Esq.
Treasurer : Cuthbert Fetherston H., Esq., Grouse Lodge, Moate
Secretary to the grand Jury : P. Tyrell, Esq., Mullingar
Sub-Sheriff : George Palmer, Esq., Kilbeggan
Returning Officer : Bernard Maguire, Esq., 32 Dorset street
Coroners : Hugh Dickson, Esq., Clonellon ; Thomas Shea, Esq., Mulingar ; Bernard Maguire, Esq., Kilbeggan

County Gaol Mullingar
Inspector : William Robinson, Esq.
Chaplain : Hon. & Rev. henry Browne
Roman Catholic Chaplain – None
Presbyterian Chaplain : Rev. Joseph Gibson
Surgeon : Joseph Ferguson, M.D.
Apothecary : Mr. William Middleton
Governor : Mr. Edward Fielding

Director of Stamps : B. Longworth, Esq., Athlone

County Infirmary
Surgeon : Joseph Ferguson : M.D.

Patrick Brett, Ch. K.C., Kilbeggan
J. W. Briscoe, C., Kilbeggan
Andrew Dudgeon, Ch., C.E., and special bail C., Mullingar
William Foster, Ch., K.E., and special bail K., Athlone
Warren Lee, K.C.E., special bail and Master Extra. Ch., Mullingar
William Lloyd, E., and Master Extra., Ch., Moate
Christopher John McCabe, Ch., K.C.E., Moate
John McCormick, Ch., K.C.E., Ballyknock, Castlepollard

Pat of Mullingar

They may talk of Flying Childers, and the speed of Harkaway,
Till the fancy it bewilders, as you list to what they say;
But for real bone and beauty, though to travel far and near,
The fastest mare you’ll find belongs to Pat of Mullingar.

She can trot along, jog along, drag a jaunting car,
No day’s so long, when you set along with Pat of Mullingar.

She was bred in Connemara, and brought up in Castlemaine,
She won cups at the Curragh, the finest baste on all the plain;
All the countries and conveyances she has been buckled to,
She lost an eye at Limerick and an ear at Waterloo

She can trot along, jog along, drag a jaunting car,
No day’s so long, when you set along with Pat of Mullingar.

If a friend you wish to find, sir, I’ll go wherever you want,
I’ll drive you out of your mind, sir, or a little way beyont;
Like an arrow through the air if you’ll step upon the car,
You’ll ride behind the little mare of Pat of Mullingar.

She can trot along, jog along, drag a jaunting car,
No day’s so long, when you set along with Pat of Mullingar.

To Dallymount or Kingstown, if the place you wish to see,
I’ll drive you to the Strawberry beds, it’s all the same to me:
To Donnybrook, whose ancient air is famed for love or war,
Or, if you have time to spare, we’ll go to Mullingar

She can trot along, jog along, drag a jaunting car,
No day’s so long, when you set along with Pat of Mullingar.

When on the road we’re going, the other Carmen try
(without the darlin’ knowing) to pass her on the sly;
Her one ear points up to the sky, she tucks her haunches in,
Then shows the lads how she can fly as I sit still and grin.

She can trot along, jog along, drag a jaunting car,
No day’s so long, when you set along with Pat of Mullingar.

Then should yez want a car, sirs, I hope you’ll not forget
Poor Pat of Mullingar, sirs, and his darlin’ little pet;
She’s as gentle as the dove, sirs, her speed you can’t deny,
And there’s no blind side about her, tho’ she hasn’t got an eye.

She can trot along, jog along, drag a jaunting car,
No day’s so long, when you set along with Pat of Mullingar.

Military Index, 1832

On the shelves in the National Archives of Ireland are some indices – books – and these books are indexed in a number of ways – the general title is ‘Index of Official Papers’. For most of the years, they have this title – but then for some of the years, there are Military or other indices with information separated from the general run of the mill official index for that year.

There is information in these as to the movements of various regiments – the simple fact of groups being overcome by cholera or some such gives us an idea of the times that diseases were present in certain places or all of Ireland. There are references to marriage records in here – requests from people for the effects of some other person, indicating relationships.

All the indices are indexed alphabetically – in the general indices then there may be a cross reference back to another letter of the alphabet in order to find the reference number.

The reference for any document is the number – what you see here has not been checked against the original and only covers items to ‘O’. As it stands, it simply gives you the researcher an idea of a resource that is not mentioned or rarely mentioned in lists of Irish genealogical resources.

Whilst the majority of th original documents may not be extant, the indices are still an extremely important resourse. To the best of my knowledge these have not yet been placed on microfilm.

Article: A

21. Anderson, John – Certificate of his services in 23rd Dragoons
45. Artillery Royal permitted to exercise in the Phoenix Park
79. Adj. Genl Depy. – respecting blank routes
011. Armstrong, Captn. – Soliciting appointment of District Adjt. At Cork
016 Artillery Royal – Passage to the Colonies of the Wives of Soldiers of.
114. Adg. Genl. Depy – Blank Routes
121 Adj Genl. Depy. – Requesting a list of names & stations of Yeom Brigade Majors
135. Armit & Boroughs – Franking of remittances &c.
319. Adjt. Genl. Depy – requesting a supply of blank routes
321. Antrim Mila (Militia) Jas. S. Moore, Esq., Junr., appointed Captain in.
332 Antrim Mila (Militia) Resignation of Ensign Di?ckey.
332 Antrim Mila – Appointment of A. Dunlop Esq., ?vied?


17 Bryen, Henry – Enquiry requesting Billets
30. Beard, Geo., a Deserter committed to the Bridewell at Newry
60. Brennan, M. D. Article in Tralee Mercury resp Mila allowances &c.
901. Benson, Lieut. – Representation respecting the 50th Regt.
104. Byrne, Mr. Gunpowder Vender – Robbery of
130 Beresford, Lt. Col., discontinued as Asst. Lr. Master General
133. Burdett, Mrs. Applying for copies of correspondence between her and Mrs. Goulbarn
144. Billeting of the Troops – Circular letter respecting
147. Billets to be provided by the Constables of Parishes
177. Bingham, M. Genl. Sir George to command the troops during Sir. H. Vivian’s absence
209. Brown, Mrs. Rebecca – Enquiry respecting the property of Capn. Phillips 44th Foot.
210. Brown, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
212 Basworth, Private John. Attendance required at the Kilkenny Assizes
213. Brannon, Private, Thos. Sentence of transportation passed
227. Borehan, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
241. Brereton, Private Martin, false information of, respecting Mr. Going’s murder
240. Boyle, Edwd. – Transported for Desertion
244. Brady, Lieut., respecting the delay in issuing his half pay
259. Burke, Bridget – respecting her son John Burke
261.Bulkankle, Jas. Sentence of transportation against.
267. Brannon, Private, Thos. – Struck off the ?52nd (or 32nd) Foot
2601 Blacke, Richd. Application for a commuted allowance &c.
2901 Brown, Private Fredk. Court Martial upon
305 Buchan, Major Gen. Sir John appointed on the Staff protempore
307 Bishop, Lieut. Respecting his Mila half pay in the event of his joining Don Pedro’s Service.
314 Bat?lie, John. Praying for a pension
327 Blakeney, M. Genl. Sir E. appointed to command the Troops pre temporare
347 Bishop, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of.


12 Campbell, Sir Guy 2nd Mr Genl. March of troops to Cashel & elsewhere
30 Corry, Trevor. Report respecting Geo Beard a Deserter
37 Carlow Militia. Arms to be conveyed to Dublin
301 Campbell, M. Genl. Respecting Mily accommodation at Carndonagh
43 Cavan Mila. Agreement for hire of accommodation of
50 Carlow Mila. John J. Cornwall to be Major in
51 Cork North Mila. Mr. Temple French Esq., to be Lt. Colonel in
91 Collins, Winifred. Praying for a passage for her husband a Soldier
99 Convicts. Escort for an Route to Kingstown
115 Callegy, John. Claim to a pension
119 Creagan, Eleanor. Praying for a free passage to her son at Woolwich.
120 Cork – Local inspr of the Gaol acknowledging Mutiny Act.
144 Circular letter respecting the billeting of the Troops – Mr. Bell
163 Carmichael, Jas. Claim against Thos. Sheridan Pensioner.
1014 Commissary Genl. Contracts for fuel and candles for Barracks
199 Cunningham, John. Enlisted and discharged without paying the smart money
200 Cope, Mrs. Marriage Certificate.
202 Chaloner, Rd. Conduct of Private Lavery, 28th Foot.
205 Caroll, Private ?Sth. Transportation of
206 Cooney, Michael Private. Transportation of
211 Cust, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
224 cain, Private ?Stm. Sentence of – Transportation
229 Circular respecting Forage Allowances
231 Connell, Mary – Application for her husbands pension &c.
2401 Cowan, Wm. Respecting the sale of his half pay.
254 Chartrs, Mrs. Marriage certificate of
256 Cavan Mila. Appointments of Majrs. Thompson & Waring in
260 Carey, Capn. Tyrone Mila – Retired Allowance of.
261 Campbell, Robert – Sentence of Transporting Against.
276 Circular respecting Chelsea pensioners to Magistrates at Petty Sessions
277 Circular Respecting Chelsea Pensioners to inspr. Gen. Of Police
281 Clare Militia – appointment of a successor to Col. Sir J. ?Birtan
292 Cormick, Pat. Claim against the Officers of the S. Mayo Mila.
293 Campbell, ?Ds. William – Hospital Asst. Question respecting
302 Connolly, Michl. Claim to the effects of Pat & Ml. Connolly
304 Clare Militia – Reps. Cane & Co. appointed Agents to
3001Cole, Edwd. Sentence of Transportation against.
310 Chadwick, Lieut Peter – sale of his Commission in the Tipperary Mila.
311 Clare Mila. Conduct of Lieutenant Hodges
318 Cavan Mila. Mr. Thos. Young appointed Ensign in
320 Chelsea Hospital, Conduct of Elliott a Pensioner
329 Carter, Revd. H., Claim for officiating for the Troops at Carrickfregus
334 Clare Mila. Poole Hickman appointed Capt vice Griffin
S.G. Purdon do Patterson
Augustine Buller do Blood
Michl Finnucane do martin
3401 cane, Rd. Accommodation for paying Chelsea pensioners
354 Cheshire, Private Thos. Enquiry respecting
356 Circular – Suspension of the operation of that part of the Royal Warrant dated 14th Novr granting under certain conditions the discharge of Soldiers to pension at their own request.
359 Circular respecting the conveyance of Soldiers and their families by coasting Steam or canal conveyance.
365 circular respecting the rates for Fuel, Candles, Straw and Wood for the Troops in Ireland.
367 Circular respecting the rates of Allowance to general and other Staff Officers of infantry Regts in lieu of Forage for horses required to be kept by them.


19 Dowans, Edwd. Enquiry respecting his Son 23rd Welsh Fusiliers
22 Donnolan, Patk. Alledged debt due by 2nd Master Cooper Clare Mila
59 Drought, G.E.A. Soliciting compensation as a retired Billet Master
70 Down South Mila. Accommodation for Staff of
013 Down South Mila. Agreement respecting said Accommodation
0101Duggan, Mr. King’s duty on cart horses sold by
95 Darnly, Earl of. Acknowledging Circular respecting billeting of Troops
97 Dillon, Captn. Expenses incurred by as a magistrate &c.
104 Dillon, captn. Robbery of a Gunpowder vender at Tullamore
1001 Dunne, Geo. 32nd Foot. Enquiry respecting
125 Doherty, John – Debt of Lt. Curey, Tyrone Mila
129 Down Mila South – Arms and Accoutrements of
1401 Dalzell (Darbyell?) Saml. Schoolmr. Serjt. (Informations against)
156 Durneen, Eleanor – Applying for the Admission of her children into the Hibernian School
160 Doyle, C. Claim against the 60th Regt.
176 Daunt, Mrs. Marriage certificate of
192 Down North Mila. Appointment of Mr. Knox as captain
193 Daunt, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
212 Duffy, Corporal – Attendance required at the Kilkenny Azzises
214 Darley, Ensign – Attendance required at the Kilkenny Azzises
221 Dublin Co. Militia – Baron de Robeck appointed Major of
2301 Dublin Co. Militia. Claim for the rent of the premises occupied by the Staff and Stores of
245 Dunphy, Edwd. Claim for acting as a Billet Master
247 Despard, Fras. Report on the conduct of the 28th Regt.
2501 Doherty, Sarah on behalf of her husband a soldier sentenced to be transported
261 Duggan Jeremiah Sentence of – Transportation against
Doherty, Dennis. Sentence of – Transportation against
280 Dempsey, Anne – Claim as a Relative of Miller, a Bandman
3001 Drake, John. Sentence of Transportation against
309 Down South Mila. E. Matthews appointed to Lt. Colonel
313 Dwyer, John. Claim as a Billet Master
316 Douglas, M. Genl. Sir. Jas. Placed on the Staff of Ireland.


33. Earl Robt, Wexford, Mila praying for a Pension
105. Early, John Enquiry respecting a balance due to his son a soldier.
10101 Eightieth Foot. Mssrs Cane & Co., appointed Agents to.
215Eighty First Foot or Eighty fourth Foot to be embarked from Liverpool to Dublin
246. Eighty First Foot. Mssrs. Armit & Co, appointed Agents to.
296. East India Co. Service – Question as to Pensions of the
320. Elliot, Robt., Pensioner. Refusal to take the oath of Allegiance.


16 52nd Foot. Mssrs. Cane & Co., appointed Agents to.
28. 47th Foot. Disembarkation of
39.Forbes, Visct. Report respecting an attempt to rescue a Deserter.
40.FitzHarris, Thos. Application for Geo. Jephson’s discharge from the Army.
55. 43rd Foot. Mssrs. Armit & Borough appointed Agents to.
56. 47th Foot. Mssrs. Armit & Borough appointed Agents to.
67. 47th. Major Sadleir – Transmissoin of Routes & Returns.
131. 4th Dragoon Guards. Mssrs. Cane & Co. Appointed Agents to.
146. Finlay Private, 6th Dr. Guards. Maintenance of a Child sworn to.
164. Ford, Peter. Enquiry respecting his marriage.
1015. Fintown. Misconduct of the Innkeeper at in refusing to accommodate a Military Escort.
215. 14th Foot. To be embarked from Portsmouth to Cork.
250 14th Foot. Mssrs. Armit & Borough & Co., appointed Agents to.
251. Floyd, Edwd., Soliciting a Pension as a retired Corporal of Militia.
261. Filly, Denis alias Bourke alias O’Donnell sentence of transportation against.
266. Fannon, John. Claim to Pension negatived.
281. Fitzgerald & Vesey, Lord. Vacant Colonelcy of Clare Militia
291. Feeney, John. Petition of the Widow of.
296. Fenton, J. Conduct of Pensioners of the East India Co. Service.
341. Forster, Major Wm. F. appointed as Asst. Adjt. Genl. Vice Harris.
344. Fannon, John. Col. Lindsay’s Certificate returned to
364. Fraser Mrs. Marriage Certificate of.


115. Gray, Saml., not considered eligible to a Yeomanry Commissoin
014. Gormley Revd., Mr. P.P. Claim for officiating in the Genl. Mily. Hospital
102. Griffith, Hugh. Private 66th Foot, application for relief.
161. Griffin, – convicted for having Fire Arms contrary to Law
161 also Gillespie, Joshua, recommending the disposal of said arms
167. Giddins, Thos. Applying for a Pension from the Chelsea Hospital
1016. General Order for granting Mily aid to Civil Power &C.
194. Griersan, Mssrs. Bill for ?Mutiny Acts &C.
196. Griffin, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
257. Goodwin, Mrs. Rebecca – Claim to the Pension of
263. Galligan, Bridget. Enquiry as to her marriage.
279. Gore, Patk., late Pensioner – respecting his pension.
2016. Good, S. Pensioner – Conduct of.
289. Granard – Conduct of the Chief Constable at – Escape of a Deserter.
323. Gibson, Revd. A., Claim for officiating for the Military.
331. Galway Mila. Mr. C. Le Poer French appointed Captain in.
353. Gordin, Henry, Respecting Corpl. H. Gordins’ effects.


23. Hanbury, SSm. Compensation as Billet Master in town of Galway
24 Hewt Corpl. 60th Foot. Enquiry respecting distribution of his effects
66. Hazlewood Geo.Soliciting compensation as a Militia Officer.
69 Hibernian School Excuse for Sir. Sm. Gossets non-attendance as a Governor of.
015 or 615. Hervey, Lt. 66th Foot, Claim for his Widow to a Pension
103. Heany, Robt. Claim for Rent due by a Pensioner
117. Heffernan Park. Claim for car hire for Provisions for 9th Foot.
152. Heyburn, John. Enquiry thro’ Recruiting Dept respecting.
153 Hemly, Captain. – Claim for expenses incurred as Magistrate.
165 Harvey, Lady. Case of as Washerwoman of the Royal Hospital
Hibernian School – Mr. Rays’ bequest to See. 110
1701. Hungate SSm. Enquiry respecting his being a Coll. In the Army.
1013 Hogan, Private, Henry – Confined for debt. – Liberated.
197. Hill – Jas. Claim as Billet Master of Kildare
206. Hawkins, John SSm. Private. Transportation of.
2001 Hall, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of.
222 Hughes John – Marriage of with Judith Robinson not considered legal.
225 Hales, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of.
264. Hart, Hugh – Certificate of his services required.
265 Hunt, Mrs. Marriage certificate of.
290 Hynes, Michael – Claim to pension
311 Hodges lieut. Ssm. Conduct of.
341 Harris Lt. Col. Asst. Adj. Genl. Succeeded by Major Forster
342 Hawkins SSm Trial before a Court Martial
343. Hizzard, Private Thos. Applicatino on behalf f the Son of.
350 Hare, Lt. Col. Military party required for the protection of Coroner & c.


40. Jephson , Geo. Requesting an application for his discharge from the army
73 Joyce, David – claim to property left by 2nd Master Lynch
169. Johnston, Alexr Meml to be restored to the ensoins List
203 Irwin Mrs. Marriage certificate of
216. Johnston, Private John. Attendance required at Clonmel Assizes
223 Jones Rees B? Laudable conduct in billeting troops &C.
273. Jordan, Wm. Claim for arrears of pay & Clothing
2015 Jones, Private J. Case of pistols sold by
322 Irvine, Jas. Requesting the half pay of the late Ensign Frederick
355 Johnstone, Mrs. Marriage certificate of.


7 Kerry Militia – Augmentation Major Crosbie proposed to fill vacant Majority
31 Kemmis ?Mssrs. Report respecting debt of J.L. right
72 Keehan, Ml. Petition to be restored to the Penson List
107 Kelly Thos. Late of 15 Foot. Enquiry respecting his Effects.
1101. Keown, Fids. Claim against John Lappan 64th Foot
147 Kinnegad – Refusal of the Parish to nominate a Billet Master at.
155. Kelly Troop 2nd Mr. 4th Dr. Guards – statements of his services required
190 Kenna Thos. Out Pensioner of the Queens Co. Militia – Complaint of.
206 Kitson, George Private, Transportation of
214 Kay, Robert Sergt Major. Attendance required at Kilkenny Assizes.
220 Kelly, Mrs. Marriage certificate of.


14 Leslie, Major Cong. Bl. Rifles, requesting permission to parade in Lower Castle Yard
34 Lally, Edwd. 10th Foot. Sentence to Transportation
35 Lee, SSm 28th Foot. Sentence to Transportation
47 Leitrim Militia. Lodgement in Ordnance Stores of the spare arms of
74 Leitrim Militia. Escort for Swords to be returned into Store
701 Londonderry Militia. Imprisonment of a Drummer for debt.
017 Leitrim Militia, Charges against Adjutant Cox
90 Londonderry Militia, Liability of House hired for, to taxation
96. Larkin, Pat. Complaining of a Canteen for the Militia at Oughterard
110 Lappan, John 64th Foot, Claim of Fras. Keown against
122 Lamb, Rose. Praying for a passage to her husband serving in 75th Foot.
134 Lalor, Pat. 52nd Foot. Conduct of
202 Lavery, Wm. Private 28th Foot. Assault on a Police Constable
253 Lindesay, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
284 Leitrim Militia. Claim of Serjt. Rutherford
286 Lorinan, N or M. Conduct of Good a Pensioner
301 Liddy, Patk. Claim to the effects of ?Timy Liddy, East India Co.
3001 Leitch, SSm. Sentence of Transportation against.
317. Lloyd, Mrs. Marriage certificate of.


4 Murray, Revd. ?Wm. Additional Allowance granted to
5 MacLean Major Genl. To succeed M. Genl. Smith Bl. Artillery
11. McClintock, Lieut. Repost respecting debt alledged to be due by him
26 Mily Secy. Mily party required to attend a public whipping at Galway
44 McDonald, Bernard, respecting prize money due to his brother
46 M. Genl. MacLean recommended for vacancy at the Board of the Royal Hospital
48 Murray Michl. Memorial to be restored to his Situation in the Engineers Dept.
52 Monaghan Milia. Col. Madden to be Col. Commandant
57 Military promotions and appointments in Ireland since 3rd Jany 832
501 Military promotions and appointments since 24th Janey 1832
60 McCartie, Mr. Charge against respecting Mila Compensation
61 Moffit, John. A minor discharged from 84th Regt.
Mily Secy. Report from on the abovementioned subject (discharge of Moffit, John)
62 Mily Promotions and Appointments in Ireland since 13th Feby 1832
64 Mahan Margt. Claim on the Forage Contractor to the Troops at Athlone
65 McDonald B. Prize Money
601 Monaghan Milia. Accomodation for Staff
96 Mily Secy. Report respecting a canteen car at Oughterard
100 Molloy, ?Arthur, not entitled to a pension
106. McMahon, John. Enquiry respecting Captain Cradock
111 McDermott, Geo. Late Pensioner 1st Foot, applying for relief etc.
112 McCraith, Patk respecting an annuity granted on account of his mother
126 Mily Secy. Illegal marriages of Soldiers of 92nd Foot (See 143)
1201 Mily Secy. Subsistence &c. of Soldiers wives & Children attacked with Cholera
130 Mily Secy Discontinuance on the Staff of Lieutenant Cols. Vincent & Beresford
137 Mily Secy. Order for burning the clothing of Soliers dying of the Cholera
138 Mily Secy. Transmitting Reports from Major Menzies 68th Foot to Capt Dillon64th
141 Mily Secy . Inconvenience attending the billeting of 4th Dr. Gds. At Newry
142 Moore, Hugh. Requesting Act for guidance of Billet masters
143 Mily Secy. Prosecution of Mr. Allen for illegally marrying soldiers
145 Mily Secy Transmitting reports from Major Madden & Capt Des Veux 50th Regt.
149 Mily Secy. Accommodation of Soldiers wives and Children attacked with Choler
150 Mily Secy. Removal of Military from the Penitentiary at Cork.
1501 Mily Secy Respecting the circulation of the General Orders for aiding the Civil Power
170 Madden, Private, Jas. Rate of Pension
174 Martin, rs. Marriage Certificate of
179 Military Acts, Circulation of
1010 McClerahan, Jas. Acts respecting Billet Markers required
1015 Mily Secy. Misconduct of an Innkeeper at Finntown
186. Mily Secy. Genl Order for granting Mily aid to the Civil Power & c.
195 Montgomerie, Mrs. Marriage certificate of
199 Miott (??), Jas. Discharge of a recruit enlisted by him without paying the smart money.
206 Martin, Jas alias SSm Thompson, Private. Transportation of
216 Moody, David & Peter. Attendance required at Clonmel Azzizes.
240 Mance, Thos. Transported for Desertion
242 McGee, Patkk. Complaint of a non-payment of his Pension
269. Mily Secy. Conduct of a Private of the 28th Foot at Callan
2701 McLeod, John Private, Transported
2013 McDuff, rs. Hannah. Supposed fraud in receiving her pension
280 Miller, Private 87th Foot. Claim of Anna Dempsey as a relative of.
289 Mily Secy. Conduct of the police Officers at Granard. Escape of a Deserter &c.
294 McDonald, Michael. Struck off the Pension List &c.
299 McGran, Jas. Praying to be placed on the Pension List.
303 McEllice, Private Chas. Attendance required at the Quarter Sessions
306 Mily Secy Attendance of Soldiers required at Clonmel
3001 Magennis, Patk. Sentenceof Transportation against.
309 Mathews, Echlin. Appointed Lt. Col. Of the Down Militia
312 McDermot, Fras. Enquiry respecting his service in the German Army
328 Meehan, John a Pensioner – Conduct of.
330 Mayo South Milia. Appointments of Mssrs. Orm & Palmer in
335 Mily Secy Grant of an additional allowance of 2 lbs of oats per ration to flases in billet?
337 McCoy SSm, Claim to Pension
Martin, SSm. Cliam to Pension.
339 Mily Secy. Transmitting letters from Major Parke & Capt O’Neill
340 Mily Secy Refusal of the Parish Priest of Boyle to officiate at the funeral of a Catholic Soldier of the 34th Foot.
342. Miller, Geo. Trial before a Court Martial
345 McGray, John – Claim to a Pension
349 Moore, Garret, acknowledging letter and sating that he has forwarded t to the ordnance Department
363 Mily Secy Hire of a magazine at Derry for the ammunition of 30th Regt.
366 Mottram, P.C. Enquiry respecting the Cheshire Militia
3601 Mathews, Private George – Application for his discharge.


31 Newport?Mssrs. Dividend on account of debt of T. L. Wright (see 89/33)
012 Needham, Henry. Enquiry from British War Office respecting
94 9th Foot not to be sent to Gibralter at present
107 Nowlan An. Effects of the late Thos. Kelly 15th Foot
159 New ?Ross, Sovereign of respecting the billeting of troops
215 90th Foot to b embarkd from Glasgow to Scotland
91st Foot To be embarqued from Liverpool to Dublin
232 Do Mssrs. Cane & Co. Appointed Agents to
274 Nowlan, Mrs. Marriage certificate of
3001 Noble John Sentence of Transportation against
360 Nester, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of


101 Ordnance – Cooking Material supplied to Guard Houses
20 Ordnance – Ammunition for Longford Militia Staff
63 O’Halloran, Lt. Marriage certificate of the Widow of
019 O’Brien Lieut., 2nd. Vr. Batt. Claim of his widow to pension
96 Oughterard, Complaint against a Canteen Car for the Military at
113 Ordnance – Reception into Store of the Arms and deposited in the gaol at Dundalk
124 Ordnance Issue of Pistols for persons employed at the Gaol at Maryboro’
132 Ordnance – Reception into the Store of the surplus arms &c of the South Down Mila
172 Ormond, Marquis of, appointed Aid de Camp to the King
205 Oakley, Private John, Transportation of
2101 O’Neill, John Late private 64th Foot, Claim of the Widow of
230 Ordnance – Bedding for the Provost prison Dublin
239 Owen, Mrs. Marriage Certificate of
366 Ordnance – Mr. Mothams ? enquiry respecting the Cheshire Mila was quartered in Richmond Barracks.