Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary, Ireland

Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary Ireland comprises of several counties, cities, boroughs, parish and villages – with historical and statistical descriptions – of Ireland.

  • Place
  • County
  • Parish
  • Content
    CLONDEHORKY, a parish in the barony of KILMACRENAN, county of DONEGAL, and province of ULSTER, containing with the post town of Dunfanaghy, 6477 inhabitants.

    This parish is situated on the Bay of Sheep Haven, on the north-western coast, and comprises according to the Ordnance Survey, 29,632.75 statute acres, of which 26,859 are applotted under the tithe act, and 421.50 are water. A small portion is woodland, a considerable portion arable and rough pasture, and there is a large tract of waste land and bog, of which much might be easily reclaimed. Near Rough Point is an extensive rabbit warren. There are quarries producing slate of tolerable quality, and an inferior kind of marble is also found in the parish. Silicious sand of excellent quality is obtained from Muckish mountain, where iron ore is found: this mountain rises to an elevation of 2190 feet above the level of the sea.

    The gentlemen's seats are Horn Head, the residence of W. Stewart Esq., Marble Hill of G. Barclay, Esq., Ards, of A. Stewart, Esq., attached to which is a beautiful demesne; and Castle Doe of Captain Hart, formerly the residence of the Sandford family, and described as a very strong castle surrounded by a bawn of 40 feet square and 16 feet high.

    Fairs are held on the 10th of every month at Creaslough, and there are others at Dunfanaghy. A manor court is occasionally held, at which small debts are recoverable. At Sheep Haven is a coast guard station, one of the seven constituting the district of Dunfanaghy. Within the limits of the parish is the point called Horn Head, in latitude 55o 12' 50" (N.) and longitude 7o 58' 20" (W.); and between it and the peninsula of Rossgull or Rosguill is Sheep Haven, off the eastern side of which are several rocks above water, the outermost of which, nearly two miles west of Melmor Point, is called Carrickavrank Rock.

    The living is a rectory and vicarage in the Diocese of Raphoe, forming the corps of the prebend of Clondehorky, in the cathedral church of Raphoe, and in the patronage of the Provost and Fellows of Trinity College Dublin. The Tithes amount to £280. There is no glebe house ; the glebe comprises 400 acres, of which 200 are a barren sandy tract. The church is a neat plain structure, built by aid of a gift of £300 from the late Board of First Fruits.

    The Roman Catholic parish is co-extensive with that of the Established Church; the chapel, a spacious building was erected in 1830, at an expense of £600, and there is also a place of worship for Presbyterians in connection with the Synod of Ulster of the third class.

    The parochial school is supported partly from Colonel Robertson's fund and by annual donations, and a school at Cashelmore is supported by Mr. Stewart, of Ards. In these schools about 120 boys and 70 girls are instructed; and there are three pay schools, in which are about 170 boys and 90 girls.

    At Ballymacswiney are some ruins of a monastery for Franciscans, founded by McSwine; and near the coast is "McSwine's Gun", a perforation in the rock, through which the sea is forced, during or immediately after a storm from the north-west, to a height of between 200 and 300 feet, with so great a noise as to be heard for ten miles.