Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary comprises of several counties, cities, boroughs, parish and villages – with historical and statistical descriptions – of Ireland. Here are From-Ireland.net’s records for Co. Galway.
ContentKILCOLGAN, a parish, partly in the barony of LOUGHREA, partly in KILTARTAN, but chiefly in DUNKELLIN, county of GALWAY, and province of CONNAUGHT, 4 miles (S. by E.) from Oranmore, on the road from that place to Ardrahan ; containing 1240 inhabitants.
An abbey is said to leave been founded here in 680, over which St. Colgan presided. The parish comprises 5128 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act, and contains some limestone. An inlet of the bay of Galway extends up to it, and is navigable for small boats; large quantities of sea-weed are collected for manure.
Tyrone is the seat of A. F. St. George, Esq.
The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Kilmacduagh, episcopally united, about 1735, to the vicarages of Kinvarra, Stradbally, Killely, Killeeny, Dromacoo, Killiken, Killenavara, Duras, Kilconly, and Bullane, together forming the union of Kilcolgan in the patronage of the Bishop : the rectory is appropriate partly to the see, and partly to the provostship I and partly to the prebend of Kinvarra, in the cathedral of Kilmacduagh. The tithes amount to £189, of which £42 is payable to the bishop, £68. 5s., to the provost £26. 5s., to the prebendary, and £52.10s., to the vicar: the entire tithes of the benefice amount to £322. 6s. (Note: in his article on Kilcooly, Lewis states that it is also part of this union while he does not mention that here)
Here is a chapel, also a parochial school.