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Armagh Plantations, Aghivillan and Brochus Manors, 1622

(6) Manor of Aghivillan and Brochus (2,000 acres).

Granted to John Heron July 23 (??? ) and omitted by Carew. We have no knowledge of events on the lands comprising the above two proportions previous to 1619. In that year Pynnar found that two small bawns of earth with a pallazado upon them and a ditch about them had been built and near to each a number of houses inhabited with English tenants, 13 families in all able to make 26 men with arms.

John Heron died August 1, 1616, and was succeeded by his brother Sir Edward Heron, who joined with his younger brother William in selling the lands to John Dillon March 25, 1620, (Inquisitions of Ulster, Armagh, 5 Car. I), at which time a mansion house of stone and lime 60 feet by 20 feet had been. erected in the townland of Ballenraye by John Dillon and the assigns of John Heron.

The Survey of 1622 shows “Sir John Dillon” (1) in occupation and states – there was then only “one convenient dwelling house of timber rough cast with lime wherein himself and wife with their family do now inhabit” and that there was “no bawne about it.” Leaseholders and cottagers on the lands then totalled 42, but none confirmed in their holdings; 18 Irish families were resident on the two proportions.

By 1630 these lands had passed either by purchase or forfeiture to a “Mr Waldron” who figures in a Muster Roll attributed to that year.(2) There were then 45 tenants on the property capable of bearing arms. That is the earliest reference we have to Waldron’s connection with the manor. He is said to have been of the same stock as Sir Richard Waldron who received a grant in 1610 of 1,000 acres in Co. Cavan.

From a Subsidy Roll of 1634 we learn that John Waldron was then in occupation. Two years later, May 20, 1636, we find that he and his son William had been “admitted into the number of Planters in Ireland.”(3) Besides William above he had a son George of whom later and a daughter Elizabeth who married John Obins of the Manor of Ballevoran and was left a widow by his death April 15, 1635.

John Waldron sometime during the reign of Charles I acquired half of the adjoining Manor of Shanagoolan.(4) He seems to have been dead before 1641. A deposition relative to affairs in that neighbourhood made September 3, 1642, by Mrs. Jane Grace mentions Mr. Waldron and his brothers whose Christian names she “knew not.” Mrs. C. Stanhawe, relict of his neighbour Henry Stanhawe, in her account of July 23, 1642, records “a guard of 100 men on Mr. Waldron’s house,” the “Mr.” in this case being the son William.

A “Mr. Waldron, gent.” figures in the Poll Tax or Census of 1659, presumably William above. From other sources we know that William must have died previous to 1676 but that George was still alive in 1678(5)

William married and had a son William who must have died young, and a daughter Elizabeth who married Gilbert Thacker of Repton in Derbyshire, by whom she had a daughter Jane Thacker, the ultimate heir to the Waldron estate in Co. Armagh.

Jane Thacker was a considerable heiress, having inherited a large fortune from her father as well. She married firstly the Honble. Charles Wottop alias Stanhope, son of Philip, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield, and following his death in 1703 she married secondly Thomas Stanhope of Elvaston, Derbyshire, of the branch of the Stanhopes now represented by the Earl of Harrington. He predeceased her in 1735. She died 1744. There were no children by either marriage so the Armagh property was sold by her trustees, in 1706, to Arthur Brownlow of Lurgan who, by his will dated September 29, 1710, bequeathed it with his Manor of Brownlowsderry and other lands in theseveral counties of Armagh and Monaghan to his son William, thus increasing the, Brownlow lands by another 2,000 acres. One of the parties to, the sale was a Francis Stonard Waldron of Knole Hill, Essex, probably a descendant of the John Waldron of 1630, but of whom we have no further information.

from from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Armagh Plantations, Teemore Manor, 1622

(5) The Manor of Teemore (1,000 acres).

Granted to the Rev. Richard Rolleston (1) March 25, 1610. As an undertaker he seems to have been ambitious but somewhat unlucky. In 1611 Carew found that he was living upon his lands and had some timber buildings after the English fashion. Three men of good sort had settled with seven poor English-men, their wives, children and servants, but the stock consisted of four English cows and eight horses for ploughing “amongst them all.” Despite that report the grantee had by then acquired the 2,000 acre manor of Bellevooran from William Powell. This, however, involved him in financial troubles and compelled him to part with Bellevoran to Richard Cope who some years after sold half of that proportion to Michael Obins.(2)

In 1619 Pynnar records a bawn of sods (3) with a pallizado, moated about and a little house within it in occupation. Near the bawn were 9 houses, inhabited with English tenants – total 10 families able to make 24 men with arms.

In 1622 Sir Francis Annesley we are told was owner having purchased the estate from Rolleston. This was far from an accurate summary of the then situation. There is ample evidence that the vendor was in monetary difficulties and had consequently been obliged to mortgage Teemore to Annesley. The latter, however, by sharp practice had by then acquired almost the whole of the estate. The story is, however, too involved for insertion here.

Richard Rolleston died in 1636. In 1641 his widow was living in Marlacoo, a townland within the manor, to which she presumably moved following her husband’s death, who had been predeceased by their eldest son Henry. At the time of the Civil War Mrs. Rolleston was resident with a family of six sons and one daughter, of whom four sons, Edward, Richard, Ralph and Thomas perished at the beginning of the troubles of that unhappy period.

Sir Francis Annesley was appointed Constable of the Fort of Mountnorris in 1612 and eventually acquired it, with its attached lands and many neighbouring townlands. On October 12, 1611, he secured the Moyry Fort and its three townlands following the death of Captain Henry Atherton who had died earlier in that year, and had been in possession from 1606. In the following year, in April, he obtained a patent for a market and fairs at Mountnorris, later acquiring the fort and its three townlands. He represented the County in the Irish Parliament in 1613 and a few years later received a further grant of lands in Orior.

Additional property coming into his possession at that period included the nunneries of Templenafertagh and Templebreed in Armagh city. Upon the institution of the order of baronetage by James I he was created a baronet August 7, 1620, and in the following year was given a revisionary patent dated March II, 1621, of the Irish Viscounty of Valentia, an honour not however available until the death of the then Viscount. Shortly afterwards on February 8, 1628, he was put in the more immediate possession of a peerage as Baron Mountnorris of Mountnorris Castle, Co. Armagh. He died in November 1660 and was the ancestor of the Earls of Annesley, Earls or Mountnorris, Earls of Anglesey, Viscounts Valentia and Barons Altham.

The Earldom of Mountnorris became extinct in 1844 but the Barony of Mountnorris survives and continues with the present Viscount Valentia.

The Annesleys no longer own any lands in County Armagh. The Mounttnorris estate was purchased by the Copes in the early 18th century and shortly after the major portion of the Manor of Teemore was added to Castle-dillon estate by the Molyneux family.

(1) His brother Arthur came to Ireland with him and was the founder of the Rollestons of Ffranckfort Castle, Roscrea, for whom see BURKE’S Landed Gentry of Ireland, 1958.
(2) See under (3) Manor of Ballevoran.
(3) Erected in townland of Teemore. Site of bawn still known locally.

from from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Armagh Plantations, Shanagoolan Manor, 1622

(7) The Manor of Shanagoolan (1,500 acres).

The grant does not appear in the Patent Rolls of James I, but must have been of equal date with the other County Armagh proportions. Known as the Manor of Kannagolagh it is set out with its lands in Ulster Inquisitions see Armagh, 3 Car. I

In 1610 William Stanhawe came over, took possession and returned to England. Carew in his report of the following year states that Stanhawe’s son Stephen was surveyor or agent in his father’s absence” but had not done anything.” Pynnar found nothing at all built, Stanhawe himself in England, only three or four poor Englishmen upon the lands, all of which were inhabited with Irish.”

In 1622 conditions were much the same. We have, however, no further information as to Stephen Stanhawe. Another son Henry succeeded to the estate and there may have been a third son Edward as William Stanhawe the original grantee devised two townlands to a person of that name on March 27, 1626. The transaction does not however disclose the relationship.

William Stanhawe who was of Beddington, Yorks, married Mary, widow of William Vanderkin of Norwich, and died leaving besides Henry, a daughter Amy who married Robert Bickerton of whom later.

Henry Stanhawe received a regrant of part of his father’s proportion September 1, 1629, but Kannaghgolagh had then dwindled to 780 acres. That portion of the lands was then formed into the Manor of Clantilew. He married Ann Wolsey. granddaughter of Sir Marmaduke Whitechurch by whom he had a daughter Elinor who before 1676 had married Edward Obre of Lisburn, Co. Antrim. He died March 10, 1635, leaving a son John (1) of whom we have no particulars. A second son Henry was sole executor to his father. Henry Stanhawe the elder, however, failed to fulfil the Plantation conditions with the result mentioned above, so half of the original lands passed to John Waldron

The succession of the lands was complicated by the fact that William Stanhawe the original grantee had by an indenture made June 20, 1640, conveyed a part of the property then known as the Manor of Clontylew to Robert Bickerton of St. Martins in the Fields. London (husband of his daughter Amy) who according to a Chancery Bill of May 30, 1671,(2) had actually settled upon them before the outbreak of the Civil War, at which time he returned to England. At that period, however, there are references showing that Henry Stanhawe with his wife and family were then resident at Clontylew. For instance. Christina Stanhawe relict of Henry Stanhawe of Clohtylew made a deposition, dated July 23, 1642, regarding events the in the previous year. A similar statement was sworn to by Johh McCan some time servant to Mr. Henry Stanhawe, May 6, 1653. wherein we learn that six weeks after the taking of Clontylew the Stanhawes were carried to Armagh “where Mr. Stanhawe died of the country disease.” Further examinations disclose the capture of Edward Stanhawe and John Stanhawe uncle and brother of Henry above.

Curiously enough a “Mr. Bickerton gent” appears at Clontylew in 1659 (3) but no Stanhawes are shown though they were in evidence later. The Chancery Bill referred to above shows that Robert Bickerton. the elder, died in 1647, leaving a son Robert, the younger, in whose minority.the property was managed by an. agent. Having come of age he crossed to Ireland and took over the management of the estate. About 166149) he is stated to have obtained “an estate through his uncle Henry Stanhawe.” On June 26, 1662, he married Anne, daughter of Henry Bellingham of Gernonstown (now Castle-bellingham). Co. Louth, by whom he had issue-

I. Henry, styled of Clontylew, who was aged 4 years in 1671 and died circa 1736, leaving issue-

1. Henry.
2. Elizabeth.
3. Jane.
4. Anne.

II. Jane who married Henry, 6th Duke of Norfolk.

Mrs. Anne Bickerton(5) in 1671 seems to have become involved in a law suit as guardian of her son Henry above, two of the persons concerned being Elinor Griffin alias Stanhawe and her husband John Griffin. Another Elinor Stanhawe, it will be remembered, married before 1676 Edward Obre and thus brought the Obres to Clontylew where they remained until Edward Stanley Obre of the 3rd Dragoon Guards, who died in 1907, sold the lands to the tenants and the residence to the late Lieut. Col. William Coulson Fitzgerald whose widow is the present owner.

(1)Ulster Inquisitions. Armagh, 31 Chas. I., September 13. 1639. •
(2)See also eS.p.I. 1660·1662. p. 340.
(3) PENDER. Census of Ireland circa 1659. p. 38.
(4) C.S.P.I. 1660-1662 • .lannan, Ifl. ]I)/n.” IR”
(5) Chancery Bill, May 30, 1671 ; Henry Bickerton by his guardian Jane Bickerton v, John Griffin and Elinor his wife, Nicholas Drumgoole, Carrol Boltoh and Nicholas Seaver.

from from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Armagh Plantations, Kirnan Manor, 1622

(2) The Manor of Kirnan (1,000 acres).

Granted to James Matchett, Clerk, May 30, 1610. Three years after he was collated rector of Drumcree, Co. Armagh. and also of the adjoining parish of Kilmore. He seems, however, to have been unable to plant tenants or erect buildings so quickly disposed of his proportion.

In 1611 his eldest son Daniel Matchett aged 24 years was acting as agent for his father-had indeed been resident since Michaelmas 1610. Carew, however, only found 2 freeholders on the land and no tenants or labourers. Promises were made to construct a bawn, materials provided for building and 9 horses and other beasts ready for work.

By 1619 the Manor had passed to Sir Oliver St. John and at that time there were upon the lands 2 bawns of timber moated about and made very strong, in each, “an English house of cage work, and 2 English families dwelling in them”; there are near to one of these bawns 5 houses, being inhabited with English families; the rest are dispersedly on the land, 3 or 4 families together.”
Total 17 families who with their undertenants are able to make 30 men with arms.”

On January 22, 1621, by an inquisition relating to the lands we learn that Sir Oliver (who by then had been created Lord Grandison) had built upon the said manor one bawn or fort of earth, four square, strengthened with pallizaadoes, and within it a good English-like house, and 20 more English houses all inhabited by English families besides a water-mill upon the river runnning through Balteagh.

The survey of 1622 presents a somewhat different picture. It is difficult to reconcile the “small timber house thatched” and” compassed about with a ditch and a quicksett hedge” with the particulars given by Pynnar and embodied in the above inquisition.(1)

(1) See (15) Manor of Ballymore.

from from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Armagh Plantations, Ballynemony and Dewcorran Manors, 1622

(1) The Manors of Dewcorran (1,500 acres) and Ballynemony (1,000 acres)

Dewcorran granted to John Brownlow May 28, 1610, and Ballynemony to William, his son, June 18 of same year. Carew in his report of 1611 states that both were then resident and dwelling in an Irish house, that they had brought over 6 carpenters, 1 mason, a tailor and workmen. One freeholder and 6 tenants had been settled and preparations made for the building of 2 bawns-some muskets and arms in readiness.

According to Pynnar’s Survey of 1619 bawns had been erected on both proportions, that at Dewcorran having within it a fair house of stone and brick, the bawn was, however, constructed of timber and earth but stone and lime were in readiness to build the usual walled enclosure. At Ballynemony there was a good strong house within an island. At this date “a fair town” had arisen on Dewcorran consisting of 42 houses all inhabited by English families, the streets “all paved clean through,” 2 watermills and 1 windmill-all for corn, 57 families “with divers under them” able to make 100 men with arms and “not one Irish family upon the land “- statements open to grave doubt.

The survey of 1622 gives particulars and measurements of the bawn on Dewcorran “near adjoining which he had made a good village of 40 houses inhabited with English tenants on both sides the streete in which a good windmill stands. “As regards Ballynemony nothing new transpires other than that the number of armed men had increased to 160 and 24 Irish families were resident.

William Brownlow was knighted in 1622, served as High Sheriff of the County in the following year, and represented Armagh in the old Irish House of Commons in 1639. He died January 20, 1660. By his wife Elinor O’Dogherty (daughter of John O’Dogherty of Derry and great-granddaughter of Sir John Oge O’Dogherty, Lord of Inishowen) he had issue three daughters, of whom the eldest. Lettice Brownlow, married firstly Patrick Chamberlain of Nizelrath. Co. Louth, member of an old Anglo-Norman family established in that county previous to 1312. By this marriage she had with other issue an eldest son Arthur Chamberlain born 1645, who assumed the name of Brownlow as directed by the will of his maternal grandfather.

Arthur Brownlow alias Chamberlain was High Sheriff of the county in 1679 and 1686 and Member of Parliament from 1692 until his death in 1710. He was a man of cultured tastes and took a deep personal interest in the management of the property especially in the welfare and housing of his tenants. His chief claim to our admiration, however, lies in the fact that he was the saviour of the Book of Armagh, that priceless treasure of the Primatial See and earliest of our Irish manuscripts that can with absolute certainty be dated. He was succeeded in the estate by his eldest son William, High Sheriff 1711 who followed his father in the representation of the county, retaining the seat until he died in 1739, leaving a son William (High Sheriff 1750, M.P. for the county 1753-1794) whose second son, Charles Brownlow, was the father of Charles Brownlow, M.P., created Baron Lurgan of Lurgan, ancestor of the present Lord Lurgan.(1) The estate was considerably enlarged in the early 18th century by the purchase of additional lands including the Manor of Richmount, Co. Armagh,(2) in 1706. The family also possessed property in Counties Louth and Monaghan.

(1) For detailed information on the Brownlow, Chamberlain, and allied families see L.A.J. Vol. x. pp. 318-326 and Vol. XI, pp. 173-185.
(2)See (6) Manor of Aghivillan and Brochus.

from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Armagh Plantations, Dirricrevy and Dromully Manors, 1622

(4) The Manors of Dirricrevy and Dromully (3,000 acres).

These proportions were granted to Lord Saye and Seale. His Lordship did not, however, take possession so the lands were passed to Sir Anthony Cope, Knt. July 5, 1611, but whether by purchase or because of the original grantee’s defection is uncertain. Carew informs us that Sir Anthony had sent over a sufficient overseer and assistant, both of
whom were resident in 1611. A fair castle of free stone was then in process of erection upon which 14 or 15 workmen and 9 carpenters were employed, 16 mares and horses being engaged upon the transport of materials from a quarry some eight miles away. This castle, commonly called Castleraw, survives in a somewhat fragmentary condition in the townland of Ballyrath in the Dirricrevy proportion and is not to be confused With the bawn of lime and stone described by Pynnar eight years later who, curiously enough, makes no mention of the castle, contenting himself with noting 2 water-mills and 1 windmill with 24 houses erected near the bawn. The latter with the houses and mills was situate, however, on the portion known as Dromully close to the lake where its walls now enclose a garden.

In 1622 the castle at Ballyrath is referred to as “a house of lime and stone three and a half storys high” wherein Anthony Cope, Esq. resides with his wife and family. At that time the bawn on the Dromully proportion had “four good flankers three of which contained small buildings of lime and stone 2 ½ storys high in one of which William Pierson dwells” the latter the ancestor of the Pearsons of Loughgall and Kilmore parishes. On the two estates there were then 72 men furnished with arms and 40 Irish families.

Sir Anthony Cope of Hanwell in Oxfordshire is believed to have purchased these lands for the benefit of his second and third sons, Anthony and Richard, but if so he took out the Patent in his own name and by his will settled his County Armagh property upon his son Anthony. There must, however, have been some kind of family arrangement for Richard was subsequently of Drumilly.

Sir Anthony was born in 1548 and in 1606 admitted to Gray’s Inns. He was High Sheriff of Oxfordshire three times between 1582 and 1603, and also served as a Member of Parliament for Banbury and Oxford. Having presented to the Speaker a Puritan revision of the Common Prayer Book and a bill abrogating the existing ecclesiastical law he
was committed to the Tower and there remained from February 26, 1586, until March 23. 1587.

In 1606, and again in 1612, he entertained James I at Hanwell and in June of the year previous to the King’s second visit was created a baronet. He died at Hanwell and was buried there in the family vault July 23. 1615.

Sir Anthony was succeeded at Hanwell by his eldest son William for whom he had purchased an estate in County Tyrone. Sir William, however, did not retain his Irish property, which by 1633 had passed from his ownership into other hands. Five years later he died leaving a son John, ancestor of the succeeding baronets down to the eleventh baronet at whose death in 1851 the title reverted to the Rev. William Henry Cope of whom later. Anthony Cope, second son of Sir Anthony above, was the builder of Castleraw alias Ballyrath and possibly of Drumilly also, leaving with other issue a son Henry who succeeded him at Castleraw but later moved to Loughgall and was the ancestor of the Copes of the Manor and of a son Anthony who settled in Dublin and was the direct ancestor of the above mentioned Rev. Sir William Henry Cope, from whom the present and 15th baronet. Sir Anthony M.L. Cope descends.

Castleraw was badly damaged in the Civil War of 1641 and is not believed to have been repaired. It seems to have been of the fortified manor-house type and was enclosed by a ramparted trench much of which remains in tolerable order.

Drumilly an interesting old mansion. occupies a fine position on a hill overlooking the lake, its crannoge and the old Drumilly bawn, with an excellent prospect of the Loughgall Manor House on a like eminence on the opposite shore. In the Civil War of 1641 Richard Cope the then owner was taken prisoner with his wife and two sons at Monaghan, in which county he also had lands, and imprisoned at Carrickmacross. His son Walter returned to Drumilly and after the Restoration is believed to have built the present house. He was resident there in 1673 when visited by Archbishop Oliver Plunkett whom he describes in a letter as ” a man of gentle birth and much learning.”

The Cope estate was largely increased in the 18th century by the acquisition of the Manor of Mountnorris in April 1738 and the Manor of Grange O’Neiland in the same year.

from from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Armagh Plantations, Ballevoran Manor, 1622

(3) The Manor of Ballevoran (2,000 acres).

This property was granted to William Powell of Tutbery in Staffordshire. If you need the such property related advice, eXp Realty’s write-up should be read first and things should be taken into consideration. 

Like his brothers he had a situation in the King’s service. It seems probable that he had no intention of crossing to Ireland. Carew in 1611 reported that Powell had turned over the lands to Mr. Roulston and that no freeholders or artificers were settled upon them nor any work done saving the building of two bays of a house. Pynnar in 1619 shows considerable progress and states that “Mr. Obbyns” the then owner had built a bawn within which there was a good fair house of brick and lime, himself dwelling thereon.” Twenty tenants had procured land, who with their undertenants were able to make, 46 men with arms.(1)

Pynnar, through some carelessness in obtaining particulars relating to Obins, neglects to state that the Rev. Richard Rolleston the grantee of the Manor of Teemore in the same barony, owing to financial difficulties, had been unable to retain his purchase from Powell and, as a consequence, was compelled to resell to Richard Cope of Loughgall who had passed half to Michael Obins, retaining the other 1,000 acres for his sons Walter and Anthony Cope. Obins died September 26, 1629, leaving a widow, Prudence Obins, and a son John. Mrs. Obins died April 5, 1635, and John died May 14 of same year leaving by his wife, Eliza Waldron, an only son Hamlet then aged 6 months – see Inquisitions of Ulster (22) and (35) Car. I.

Michael Obins above seems either to have been improvident or financially insecure. At any rate proceedings were taken against him in 1626 which resulted in some 380 acres having to be sold- the remaining 620 acres were, however, granted to his widow and son. The Survey of 1622 confirms that he was then in prison in England but that his wife was resident. Michael Obins’ descendants in the Manor of Ballyoran (better known perhaps as Portadown) took a keen interest in the property. With Richard Cope he was responsible for the first bridge there. Anthony Obins of a later generation was concerned in the development of the canal from Newry to Portadown, a service that by the end of the 18th century resulted in the latter town becoming a useful inland port.

The last of the name to hold the property was Archibald Eyre Obins. Born 1776 and educated at the Armagh Royal School he subsequently entered T.C.D. in 1793, later taking Holy Orders and settling in England where he died at Bath in 1868.

His mother was the Honble. Nicola Acheson, daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, Bart. and sister of Arthur Acheson, 1st Viscount Gosford. Her niece, the Lady Olivia Acheson, married Brigadier-General R.B. Sparrow of Tanderagee, a family relationship that brought about the purchase of the Obins estate by the Sparrows in 1820, for whom see (15) Manor of Ballemore.

(1) HILL, p. 559, gives “40 men” but in Hibernica and Carew the number is shown as “46” so we may assume the latter figure to be correct. ‘

from from “County Armagh In 1622 A Plantation Survey”
Edited byT. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Plantation Survey, 1622, Co. Armagh and Co. Tyrone

A brief survey of the present estate of the plantations in the counties of Armagh and Tyone, taken by the Ld. Caulfield and Sir. Dudley Diggs and Sr. Nathaniel Rich, Knts. Anno DnI 1622.

County of Ardmagh.

The Precinct of Oneylan, allotted to English Undertakers.

(1) William Bromlow Esqr. hath 2 Proportions, vizt. Dewcorran
containing 1500 acres, upon which is built a good. howse or Castle of stone, and Brick, lay’d with lime, 3 stories high, wherein himself, his wife, and Familie, now inhabite; This house is compassed with a strong Bawne of lyme, and stone, 159 foot long, 93 foot broad, and 14 foot in height, with a fair Flancker square to the South East; and he is purposed to make another opposite; he hath made neer adjoyning a good Village, consisting of 40 howses, inhabited with English Tenants, on both sides the streete, in which a good Windemill stands.
1500 acres.

He hath also an other proportion; called Ballynemony, where he hath built a howse of lyme and stone, standing within an Island; In which, one Wilfred Trueman dwelleth, and holds this howse & 60 acres of land in Fee Simple.
(60 acres) (Should actually read 1000 acres)
Upon both Proportions.
Freeholders, vizt.

3 Haveing 10 acres apiece
5 haveing 60 acres apeece.

Leaseholders, and Cottagers.
1 haveing 140 acres.
1 haveing 200 acres.
2 haveing 120 acres apeece.
2 haveing 100 acres apeece.
2 haveing 60 acres apeece.
4 haveing 50 acres apeece.

The rest some have 40 acres, some 30, some 20, some 11, and some less, but all have some Land to their houses for 21 yeares and some for longer tearmes ; they are able to bring 160 men into the ffeild, armed with Pikes, Callivers, or other Weapons; and he hath in his Castle Shott, and Pikes for fiftie men; But there are on these Proportions, (as we are crediblie informed) 24 Irish Families.
(2) Three miles from thence, the Lord Grandison hath a Proportion called Kirnarn, containeing 1000 acres, which he purchased of James Matchett; upon which there is builded a smale Timber Howse thatched & compassed about with a Ditch, & a quicksett hedge ; But we are informed his Lordship intends very shortly, to build a stone howse & a Bawne upon it.

In this howse there now liveth two poor Servants; and upon this proportion there are planted; vizt. — .

Freeholders 10, vizt.

1 Haveing 200 Acres.
2 haveing zoo acres apeece.
1 haveing 60 acres.
2 haveing 50 acres apeece.
3 haveing 40 acres apeece.

Leaseholders for 21 yeares, or 3 lives, vizt.

1 haveing 120 acres.
1 haveing 60 acres.
6 of 20 acres apeece.
3 of 15 acres apeece.
1 of 14 acres.
1 of 7 acres.
1of 6 acres.
1 of 5 acres.

There is also a Water Mill upon this Proportion, and every Tenant is armed with a Muskett or a Calliver, or a Pike; There are upon this Proportion (as we are crediblie informed) 8 Irish Families.

1000 acres

(3) 2000 ,acres.

Mr. Obbins hath 2000 acres, called Ballevoran, upon which there is built a convenient dwelling howse of Brick, covered with thatch, about which there is a Bawne, but a yarde & Garden inclosed with a Pale. But the Gentleman himself is now prisoner in England, and his wife yet lives in the house was not at home, at our being there. But there are planted upon this Land, (as we are informed by the neighboures)

Freeholders and Leaseholders 7. and about 30 scattered English Families.
The Estates of these are uncertain in regard to title of the land. is not yet setled.
There are upon this proportion (as we are credibly informed) 18 Irish Families.

(4) 3000 Acres (should read 2000 acres) & 1000 acres

Anthony Cope Esqr. hath 3000 Acres, called Dirricrevy, and Dromully, upon the first containeing 2000 acres he hath built a strong howse of lyme and stone. 3 Stories and ½ high, wherein he Inhabiteth with his wife & Familie.

Upon his other Proportion containeing 1000 acres, he hath a very strong Bawne, well built of lyme & stone, 180 foot square, and 14 foot high, with 4 good Flanckers, upon three whereof are built smale Buildings of lyme and stone 2 stories and ½ high in the best of which one William Peirson dwells, and in the other there are under Tenants.

There is also a good Windmill. and upon these proportions there are planted

2 of 100 acres apeece.
2 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 30 acres.
1 of 15 acres.
1 of 10 acres not resident.

There are planted as undertenants upon these Free-holders lands 23, and there are

1 of 60 acres, not resident; part whereof is litt out to English undertenants. The rest Irish occupie.
2 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 50 acres.
2 of 40 acres apeece.
1 of 30 acres.
1 of 25 acres.
2 of 20 acres apeece.
14 of sundry smale parcells.

These all have Leases, and there are besides sundry Cottagers of Occupations makeing in all 72, furnished with Armes, besides the Freeholders. .

And there are upon these proportions as we are crediblie informed 40 Irish Families.

(5) 1000 acres
Sr. Francis Annesley, hath 1000 acres, called Temore Intely purchased of Richard Rolston, upon which there is a Bawne of 1000 sodds, with a Pallisado, and moated. But all soe decayed, that it is of litle defence; within it, is a smale howse, wherein Richard
Rolstone dwelleth with his Family.

Upon this proportion there are planted of Brittish Families.

1 haveing 60 acres.
1 haveing 140 acres.

Leasholders for lives 4 haveing ½ of a Tate Leaseholders for yeares
1 haveing 120 acres.
1 haveing 100 acres.
2 haveing 60 acres apeece.
3 haveing 20 acres apeece.
2 haveing 15 acres apeece.

There are upon this proportion, (as we are crediblie informed) 12 Irish Families.

(6) 2000 Acres
Sr. John Dillon hath 2000 acres called, Aghivillan, and Brochus, upon this onely is built one convenient dwelling howse of Timber rough cast with lyme, wherein himselfe, his Father, & wife, with their Familie, doe now inhabite, there is no Bawne about the Howse.

Upon this, are planted of English Families, vizt.

Freeholders 8, having 100 acres, apeece.

Leaseholders, and Cottagers, 42, who were presented to us, with their Armes, but have not their Estates yet past to them, in regard(as it was alleadged) Sr. John Dillon is newly come to, the Land, by a, late purchase.
There are upon this Proportion, (as we are crediblie informed} 18 Irish Families.

(7) 1500 acres

William Stanhowe hath 150 acres; (should read 1500 acres) called Shanagoolan; here
is not any thing built, he having been long by Suites (as he saith) held in England, but intends shortly to build, according to the directions of the Plantation, for the Which purpose, he saith he hath in readinesse 100000 Brick, and some Timber fell’d; Memorrandum he gave bonds at his comeing out of England of £300 to perform the said Building, within a yeare; which time will expire at Michaelmas next, which we hold fitt to recomend to the Lord Deputie, or
There are not above 4 English men upon the Land; but it is generally inhabited with Irish, as upon the last survey; And (as we are informed) there are upon this proportion 24 Irish Families.

(8) 2000 acres

Francis Sacheverell hath 2000 acres, called Mullalelish & Legacorry; upon Legacorry there is built a convenient dwelling howse of stone and, lyme, covered with Thatch; and about it, a Bawne of Clay & stone; roughcast with lyme 198 foot long, 19 foot

broad, 8 ffoot high with 4 open Flanckers of the same height; In which Howse himself, with his Familie, now Inhabite; But is demised from Michaelmas next, to Sr. Archibald Acheson for 21 yeares.

Upon the Proportion of Mullalelish,he hath erected a convenient dwelling howse of lyme & stone, not yet fully finished, wherein, himself intends to reside.

There are planted upon these 2 Proportions, vizt.

Freeholders 4, vizt.

1 of 90 acres.
1 of 84 acres.
1 of 60 acres.
1 of 50 acres.

Leases for lives 24, vizt.

2 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 30 acres.
10 of 20 apeece.
4 of 15 acres apeece.
7 of 60 acres joyntly.

Leases for yeares 13, vizt.

1 of 80 acres.
1 of 30 acres.
1 of 20 acres.
10 haveing all some small parcells of land.

Cottagers 24.

There are upon these proportions (as we are credibly informed) 49 Irish Families.

(9) 15,000 acres

Mr. John Dillon 1500 acres called Mullabane, upon which is erected, a large, and fair Brick howse, which is not yet covered, nor any Bawne about it; But himself and his Family dwells in a litle howse of timber neer adjoyning, till the other is finished.

Upon this proportion are planted.


3 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 60 acres.
2 of 20 acres apeece.
2 of 60 acres joyntly.
3 of 60 acres joyntly.
3 of 60 acres joyntly.
4 of 60 acres joyntly.
6 of 60 acres joyntly.
4 of 20 acres joyntly.
11 of 60 acres joyntly.
5 of 60 acres joyntly.

And Cottagers 7.

There are upon this proportion, (as we are crediblie informed) few or noe Irish.

The Precinct of Fewes, allotted to Scottish Undertakers.

(10) 1000 acres.

Henry Acheson hath 1000 acres, called Colemalistie. upon which is built a Bawne of Clay, and Stone 100 foot long, 80 foot broad, and 10 foot high, with 4 open Flanckers; There is no Gate to this Bawne nor any Howse within for any man to Dwell, but the Bawne lies open, and is of no use, in regard it is so ill built; There are upon this land of Brittish. vizt.

2 haveing 120 acres apeece
1 of 60 acres
1 of 50 acres
3 of 100 acres joyntly
4 of 100 acres joyntly
7 of 20 acres joyntly

All armed with sword, Pike and Calliver. On this Proportion there are noe Irish, onely he hath sett out some parte of the land to the Irish to graze on.

Cottagers 8.

(11) 1000 acres
John Hamilton Esqr. hath 1000 acres called, Magherientri, which was first Sr. James Crags, upon which there is a Bawne of Clay, and stone, 90 foot long, 63 foot broad, and 12 foot High, with 2 open Flanckers; within the Bawne there is a little old thatched
howse, wherein lyes a poore Scottish man; But there is no Gate to the Bawne.

The said John Hamilton hath an other Proportion of 1000 acres, called Kilruddan sometimes William Lawders, upon which he hath a Bawne not fully finished of Clay, and stone 100 foot long, 60 foot broad, with 2 open Flanckers; Within the Bawne there is lay’d the Foundation of a dwelling howse, of stone, and Clay: but all his Building is soe ill, that it is fitt, for nothing, but to be pulled downe, and reedified, which he saith, he will doe verie shortly; and make it a seat for himselfe, to dwell on.

He hath 500 acres more, called Edenagh, upon which there is nothing built.

Freeholders 3 vizt.

1 of 120 acres.
2 of 60 acres apeece
1 of 60 acres.
2 of 60 acres apeece.

Leaseholders for yeares 23 vizt.

2 of 80 acres apeece.
2 of 75 acres joyntly.
1 of 60 acres.
2 of 60 acres joyntly.
4 of 60 acres joyntly.
1 of 50 acres.
4 of 30 acres apeece.
1 of 20 acres.
2 of 24 acres joyntly.
2 of 24 acres joyntly.
1 of 15 acres.
1 of 12 acres.

Cottagers 40.

All armed with sword, Pike or Calliver.

On these proportions there are, (as we are crediblely informed) 48 Irish Families.

(12) 2000 acres

Sr. Archibald Atcheson hath 2000 acres called Clankamy. upon this he builded a convenient dwelling howse, part of lyme. & stone part of lyme and clay, environed with a Bawne of stone and clay 120 foot long. 80 foot broad, and 10 foot high. haveing 4 Flanckers. 3 of them being 15 foot high, and 14 foot wide. which are covered and containe 2 Roomes a peece, being 2 stories, himself with his Wife and Familie. doe inhabit in the said howse. .

He hath upon the said Proportion

Freeholders 5 vizt.

2 of 200 acres apeece.
3 of 120 acres apeece.

Leaseholders for yeares vizt.

1 of 200 acres.
1 of 180 acres.
2 of 120 acres apeece.
3 of 60 acres apeece.

All armed with sword, Pike and Calliver. On this proportion there is noe Irish, but now & then, his under Tenants sittpart of the land to grazing to Irish.

The Precinct of Orier alloted to Servitors and Natives.

(13) 1000 acres
Capt. Anthony Smith Assignee to Sr. Thomas Williams. hath 1000 acres. upon which is built a Bawne of lyme and stone. 69 foot broad, & 72 foot long, and about 12 foot high,With 3 open Flanckers. upon one of which he is building a house of stone and lyme
16 foot long, 10 foot broad. 2 stories high. and promiseth to build a 4th Flancker, & a house within the Bawne for himself to dwell upon; The Gates of this Bawne are not yet up; Not farre from this Bawne is erected a convenient dwelling house. inclosed with a . double ditch quicksett, built by Mr. Watson, who hath the lease of a Towne Land, from the said Capt. Smith; And in this howse himself with his wife & Family Inhabite.

About 2 miles distant Garrett Ld. Moore. Viscount of Droghedagh. upon his Proportion of 1000 acres hath built a good Bawne of lyme, and stone 105 foot long, 90 foot broad. and 10 foot high, with Two Flanckers, In one of which there is a good strong house of stone 20 foot square 3 stories high. in which one Townley. an English man, with his Familie, continualie reside; The Gates of this Bawne are fitt to be made stronger(Marginal sequential number not given for above entry; acreage also omitted.)
(14) 200 acres.

About 3 or 4 miles from thence is planted Lewetenant Poynes, who haveing onely 200 acres, as a servitor hath thereupon built, a fair dwelling house of brick, wherein himself and his family(?) inhabite; and hath an Orchard, Gardens, yardes, & Backsides, inclosed with a Ditch quicksett, besides a Bawne and a stable; And hath provided materialls, to build a Bawne of Brick, and hath 8 English Families that dwell in houses, in forme of a Village, neer adjoyning to the fair Mansion house.
(15) 1500 Acres

Within the same Parish about 2 miles distant upon a proportion of 1500 acres called Ballemore hath the Lord Grandizon, built one castle of lyme, and stone 33 foot in Length, and 29 foot broad, and 3 stories high, with an Addition of Building 66 foot in length, and 20 foot broad, makeing it a strong and Comodious dwelling, being compassed about with a Bawne of lyme & stone, with a Flancker on the North side, 14 foot square, and a litle Platforme adjoyning to the house, on the Rock, on the South side, with Flanckers. There are in the same Bawne, one Faucon, and 2 Fauconetts of Brasse, mounted, and Armes, within the Castle, Shott, and Pike, for 40 men, adjoyning to his howse there is a Pleasant Parke, paled round about, of 3 miles com passe.

Neer to the said Castle there is builded a handsome Church, 60 foot in length, and 24 in breadth well furnished with seates, Comunion Table, Capp, Font & a good Bell.

There is also a Markett Towne just under the Castle, with 27 Houses well built of the English fashion, makeing a fair large street, inhabited with English, furnished with Pike or Calliver.

Adjoyning to this Towne, are two Watermills, under one Roofe.

(16) 2000 acres

Sir Henry Bourchier upon his Proportion of 2000 acres within a mile of the said Castle, hath erected a strong house, or Castle of lime, and stone 60 foot long, and 1St broad, 3 stories high, which is not yet fully finished. It is compassed with a Bawne of Stone and lyme 100 foot long, IS foot broad & 14 foot high, with 2 Flanckers, being about 16 foot square; upon one whereof is built a litle dwellling house, and he is now in hand with 2 other Flanckers. And without the Bawne, there is a fair stable of lyme & stone.

(17) 1500 acres

Henry mac Shane 0 Neal, had 1500 acres, who sold his Reversion to Sr. John Boucmer & he to Sr. Francis Blundell, of whome the Ld. Caulfeildbought it, who is lately come to the possession thereof, by the death of Henry me Shane, except onely one third part held on by his Wife in Jointure.

In this there is nothing built, because Henry mac Shane in regard of his povertie was priviledged by the State; But the Lord Caulfeild hath now agreed for a Bawne, & Castle, according to the Patterne of the Ld. Grandizons, at Ballymore.

(18) 500 acres
Sr. John Davis had 500 acres, called Corinshino assigned to the Lord Audley upon the Plantation, without condition of Building, in regard the 2000 acres allotted to the said Ld. Audley, as a Servitor in Orier, was not to come to him till the death of Arthur mc Baron, and his Wife who is yet liveing. This said 500 acres is now in the hand of the Lord Grandison, by Purchase, and noe Buildinge upon it.

The said 2000 acres, was omitted in Capt. Pynnars Survey, and is now in the Possession of Arthur mc Barons Wife; after whose decease the land is to come to Sr. Pierce Crosby, in the righte of the Countess of Castle-haven, who hath yet built nothing thereon.

Continuation of paper Edited by T. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Plantation Survey, 1622, Co. Armagh

Edited by T. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca/


In the reign of Elizabeth the First there were three vain attempts at the colonization of Ulster, the earliest of which had its location in County Armagh. There Captain Thomas Chatterton had a grant(1) bestowed upon him on October 5, 1572, of Orior, the Fews and Gallowglass Country, on condition that he should plant and possess it before March 25, 1579. He was, however, slain by the O Hanlons of Orior shortly after the date of his patent, and as a consequence his heirs refused to risk their lives in perfecting a settlement in those areas. Two later experiments, one in County Down, the other in County Antrim, were equally unsuccessful, but in the early years of her successor a much more ambitious project came into being.

The Plantation of James the First was chiefly the work of three several commissions in 1608, 1609 and 1610, of which there is an excellent digest in the preface to the Calendar of State Papers of Ireland for the years 1608-1610, and a mass of additional matter in the recapitulations themselves. With the Patent Rolls and Inquisitions they form a useful and conveniently accessible index to the social, military and economic history of the period under consideration. Data in the same sources appertaining to the earlier years of Charles I will also be found extremely informative.

The Survey of 1608 was taken at the Moyry Castle July 2, 1608,(2) before a jury consisting of Sir Marmaduke Whitechurch(3) and seventeen natives of the county, viz:

Brian McDonnell
Xfor Fleming
Hugh McGilleduff
Patric Mri
Hugh O Lappan
Neece O Quin
Carbery McCann
Cormick McTirlagh
Owen Hughes
Patrick Oge O Cor
Donnell Neale
Calleigh McDonnell
Donaldus Caseus
Donagh McMurehy
Neal O Callaghan
Rory McPatrick
Turlagh McTeyre

Plantation Commissioners present comprised Sir Thomas Ridgeway, Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer of War in Ireland,(4) Sir Oliver St. John, Master of Ordnance in Ireland, Sir John Davies, His Majesty’s Attorney-General,(5) Sir Tobias Caulfeild, Sir Edward Blany,(6) and William Parsons Esquire, Surveyor General of: all His Majesty’s Possessions in Ireland.(7). From the document in question we learn that the barony of Orior had already been dealt with at Mountnorris. This examination of the lands of the county formed the basis for the more general scheme authorized in July, 1609. The Commission of the latter year was by far the most important of the three. It left Dublin July 31, 1609, and returned thence September 30. It reached Armagh city on Monday, August 7, and immediately began an investigation of the escheated lands. For that purpose the county was divided into five baronial, divisions each of which contained various precincts. Toughrany was not available for planting being held in part by the archbishop and the remainder by Sir Henry Oge O’Neill. The barony of Armagh was largely in the hands, of the Church and Trinity College, whilst the barony of Fews was mostly the property of the Church and of Sir Tirlagh MacHenry O’Neill. There were, however 15,500,acres disposable in Orior, 16,500 in O’Neilland, 6,000 in Fews and in Armagh 4,500 – the, quantities of these: proportions ,were greatly in excess of the acreages shown above.

The most momentous meeting of the week took place on Friday August, 12, when 22 jurors, (all with one exception from the leading septs or families) assisted the Commissioners in a fairly exhaustive.enquiry regarding the Temporal and Ecclesiastical lands of the county (8)

Under that particular Commission maps were prepared showing the forfeited lands and by the spring of 1610 the successful applicants had been chosen and their proportions assigned, though actual possession did not take place until the summer and autumn. Almost a year after Sir George Carew (9) with a new set of Commissioners made a visitation of the undertakers who had received permission to go ahead. It was found that a few settlers had made earnest endeavours to fulfil their obligations but that many such had not troubled to set to work either personally or by agents. Those complying with the Articles of Plantation were encouraged but the indolent and the absentees were bluntly threatened with confiscation. This resulted in many grantees selling their proportions and returning to their native soils, a state of affairs prevalent not alone in Armagh but in other countries as well. Carew’s Report is the first account implying progress. The Plantation remained somewhat static in 1612 and 1613 so in 1615(10) King James Ordered Sir Josias Bodley (11) to examine whether undertakers were neglecting their plantation duties. It thus came to pass that Captain Nicholsa Pynnar was commissioned to make a more comprehensive survey (12) in 1618-1619. From his findings we learn that by then a number of the original proprietors had sold out and departed but that their successors were busily employed in completing castle or bawns or erecting new dwellings – tenants by then had increased considerably. There were however exceptions: undertakers whose intentions were possibly good but failed to materialize.

Pynnar’s Survey though better known than Carew’s Report is less informative. For instance, it takes no notice of fortifications at Mount Norris (erected 1602), the Moyry,(1601) or Charlemont (erected 1602).To procure a really comprehensive view of the county as it was then it becomes necessary to study the Patent Rolls and Inquisitions of James I and Charles I and other allied material.

In the class of undertakers termed “Servitors” a lengthy list of Irish names is recorded but practically no reference is made to such grantees. in the above surveys or indeed in that of 1622. Other missing items consist of monastic and conventual lands, the great acreage bestowed upon Trinity College, Dublin, the much less substantial endowment for the Royal School of Armagh, and the smaller portions allotted to the Boroughs of Armagh and Charlemont.

The portion relating to .County Armagh was surveyed by the same three Commissioners as Tyrone, hence the linked heading (see Plate I), the inspectors being Lord Caulfeild,(14) Sir Dudley Digges,(15) and Sir Nathaniel Riche(16) Its title “Divers Reports concerning ye state of the Kingdom of Ireland upon the View of certain Commissioners sent by King James in 1622” suggests perhaps a larger area than is actually covered. It shows, however, a steady increase in the number of settlers on Plantation “proportions” in the County, a fact substantiated by a Muster Roll of circa 1630 from which we can arrive at a reasonably accurate estimate of the Plantation population at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1641.

The Survey is preserved in the British Museum amongst the “Additional Manuscripts” and is numbered “4756.” The text is here reproduced without any alterations in spelling or punctuation. Capitals have been adhered to also, but contractions have been extended for the sake of easy perusal-examples of those occurring in the Armagh section are illustrated below.

addicon = addition.
comer = conunissioner.
condicon = condition.
direccons = directions.
leaseholdes =leaseholders.
LP = Lordship.
plantacons = plantations.
pporcon = proportion.
proporcons = proportions.
revercon = reversion.
Sd = said.
undertents = undertenants.
Michas = Michaelmas.
undrtents = undertenants.
occupacons = occupations.
weh = which.
pcells = parcels.
wth = with.
pforme = perform.
ye = the.
(Final-con(s) etc. has a wavy accent not reproduced here.

The actual investigation was undertaken at the instigation of the King who, besides desiring fresh news as to progress, wished to show his displeasure towards certain people who had chanced to offend him. This he achieved by banishing them to Ireland!

A warrant was issued March 16, 1622, authorizing the payment of commissioners assigned for the carrying out of the Survey. It gives the names and remuneration of the individuals engaged, all men of some eminence, but of the nine noted below we shall only take notice of a few. They were as under-

Sir William Jones (14)
Sir James Perro (15)
Sir Thomas Penruddocke
Thomas Crew (16)
Sir Dudley Digges
Sir Henry Bouchier
Sir Nathaniel Riche
Richard Hadsor and Theodore Price (17)

Each member received an advance fee of £100 and an allowance of £1 10s. Od. per diem dating from February 20 of that year, and for the transportation of “all the said Commissioners” Sir Dudley Digges received an additional £100.

On March 20 we find the Commission augmented by (18)
Sir Adam Loftus Lord Chancellor (19)
Christopher Archbishop of Armagh(20)

Viscount Grandison of Limerick (21)
Charles Viscount ; Wilmot
Toby Lord Caulfeild (22)
Sir Dudley Norton
Sir Francis Blundell
Bart. Sir William Parsons, Bart.
Sir John Jephson
of whom no .less than four had links with Armagh.

The actual inspection of the county was, however, the work of, the three Commissioners mentioned earlier, ‘Lord Caulfeild, Sir;Dudley Digges and Sir Nathaniel Riche, and to them we are indebted for this account of. the Plantation ;in .1622.


My thanks are due to Mr. B. Schofield, M.A., Ph. D., Keeper of the Manuscript Collections, British Museum, for permission· to publish this practically. unknown survey; to Viscount Charlemont for leave to use a print of the portrait in his possession of Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Lord Charlemont; and to my colleagues Miss Elizabeth Frazer and Mr. D.R.M Weatherup, A.M.A. for valuable and much appreciated assistance in reading proofs.


(1) From the Queen by indentures under the Great Seal of England dated October 5 and afterwards by Letters Patent. The grant having been enrolled in England there was no office found of the breach of contract until 1610. C.S.P.I. (1608-1610), pp. 552-9 “Sir John Davys on King’s title to lands in County Armagh.”

(2) Vol. 3, E. 3. 13 and No. 582 Trinity College Library. All the jurors signed by “mark” excepting Whitechurch, Caseus, McTeyre, Fleming: McMurchy and l\-lri. What is almost a counterpart of the above most interesting and detailed survey has been edited and published in Analeeta Hiberniea, No.3, 1931, from a Rawlinson MS. in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The Trinity version is, however. the more profitable in that it gives townlands of Precincts individually instead of acreages or balliboes within such divisions.

(3) Came to Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth. Present at the battle of the Yellow Ford in 1598. Died January 31, 1634. Buried Loughbrickland, Co. Down, in which county he acquired a considerable estate by purchase from the Magennis family. He also secured lands in Louth. Monaghan and Armagh in which county he received a grant of 6 balliboes of the lands of the Nunnery of Killevy.

(4) Born 1565. Served in Ire land and was knighted 1600. Vice-Tteasurer 1603-1606.
Treasurer. 1606-1616. Created a baronet l616. Advanced to the peerage as Lord Ridgeway of Gallen Ridgeway, Queens County 1616, and in 1622 to the Earldom of Londonderry. Assisted in the preliminary work of the survey of the escheated counties and with his brother George acquired lands in Tyrone. Died January 1631-32 . Complete Peerage.and. D.N.B.

(5) 1569-1626. Appointed Attorney.-General for Ireland, Received a grant of 2,000 acres in Tyrone, 1,500 acres in Fermanagh and 500 acres in Armagh. Died 1631-32. Complete Peerage D.N.B.

(6) Accompanied the’ Earl of Essex’ to Ireland in 1598. Governor of’ Mountnorris Fort 1601. Present at siege of Kinsale. Knighted 1603. Seneschal of Monaghan 1604. Lord Lieutenant of Monaghan 1613-1615. Created Lord Blayney of Monaghan 1621, in which county, he received grants in 1607 and 1611. . Died February; 11, 1629-30. Complete Peerage.

(7) 1570-1650. Ancestor of the extinct Earls of Rosse .. Settled ,in; Ireland about 1590 with his brother Laurence, ancestor of Earls of Rosse of the second creation. As. a Commissioner of Plantation obtained considerable grants from .the Crown. Became Surveyor-General 1602.Cpntinued in Government posts until.l643in which year he. was charged with. treason and. committed to prison with Sir Adam Loftus and others. Died. February;.l649-50. Complete. Peerage, and D.N.B.
(8) Patent Rolls, 17 ‘James I, and GLANCY, Seanchas Ardmhacha. ,Vol. I. No. I,
pp.:76·93,’for,.an’exhaustive ·examination of-the Inquisition in ,question.

(9)Came to Ireland with, his brother’ Peter and entered Irish service ‘under” his cousin Sir Peter Carew. Born 1555. Died, 1629. Very active in Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth I and James I. and friend of Lord Mountjoy. The celebrated Carew Manuscripts contain much material of Ulster interest. Creatod Baron. Carew of Clopton (May 1605) and Earl of Totnes (February 1625-26). See D;N.B. and complete Peerage. For his Survey of County Armagh see Calendar Carew Manuscripts 1603-1624.pp:·78. 225-226, and 229 .

(10) GSP.I. 1615′-1625″ p.’ 25, King’s letter to Chichester.

(11) A celebrated cartographer of those days. He served as Governor of Newry in 1601 land was present at the raid on Loughrorkan, County Armagh on Apri16 of that year.

(12) Printed in Harris’s Hibernica (1747), pp. 112-1l7; Carew Manuscripts (1603-1624) pp. 415-418; but perhaps more easily consultable in, Hill’s Plantations pp.; 555-572. Pynnar came to Ireland in 1600 as a Captain in the army. In.1610 he offered as a “Servitor” to take part in the’ Plantation and in 1611 was ,assigned 1,000 acres in Cavan Appointed November 28, 1618, to survey the escheated counties. The importance of his celebrated work has perhaps been over estimated as fresh inspection was necessary three. years after. He does not seem to have ever taken up his, Cavan proportion and his report of l619 gives no particulars as to his reasons for withdrawal.

(13) The very large but scattered granges of the Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul of Armagh had already been acquired by Sir Toby Caulfeild. About the same time Francis Annesley acquired the sites, ambits and precincts of the late Nunneries of Templefartagh and Templebreed in Armagh city.

(14) Born 1565. Seneschal or Governor of County Armagh. Had a distinguished army career. Served Queen Elizabeth gallantly in Spain and the Low Countries before coming to Ireland where he eventually secured lands in the Counties Armagh, Tyrone, Monaghan, Derry, Louth, Cavan, Fermanagh, and Donegal. His estates contained every variety of landed property among which were the very extensive grange lands of the Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul of Armagh and the Fort and town of Charlemont with 300 acres attached in 1607. These he acquired before the Plantation of Ulster was actually decided upon, afterwards receiving a further grant of 1,000 acres in South Armagh where the remains of a bawn raised by him may still be seen. M.P. for County Armagh 1613-1615. Commissioner for Escheated Estates in 1616. Created Baron Charlemont 1620 with special remainder to his nephew Sir William Caulfeild, 2nd Baron Charlemont, ancestor of the present Viscount Charlemont. Died 1627. D.N.B. and Complete Peerage.

(15) 1583-1639. Diplomat and judge. Came to Ireland to act as Commissioner in 1622. See D.N.B. and C.S.P.I. 1615-1625.

(16) Born circa 1585. Had a legal training. Admitted Gray’s Inn 1609·10. Devoted at first to politics but later engaged in mercantile pursuits. Carne to Ireland with Digges in 1622 as a Commissioner. Died 1636. D.N.B.

(17) 1566·1640. Knighted 1617 and in same year appointed Chief Justice of King’s Bench in Ireland. In 1620 resigned and returned to the English Bar. In 1621 became a judge of the Common Pleas and in 1622 selected a member of the above Commission with which he remained until 1623. Again in Ireland on a like Commission in 1624. Transferred from Common Pleas to King’s Bench and proceeded to England where he died December 9, 1640. D.N.B.

(18) 1571.1637. Politician. “Subjected to an honourable banishment to Ireland” as a member of the Commission. His opinions were by then an embarassment to the
Crown. Died February 4, 1636-7. D.N.B. -.

(19) 1565-1634. Politician. Incurred the King’s displeasure because of opinions expressed in Parliament, and as a consequence sent to Ireland as Commissioner. Returned to England and was chosen Speaker of the English House of Commons in 1623. Knighted 1624. Again selected as Speaker at first Parliament of Charles I (1625). Died February 1633-4. D.N.B.

(20) 1570·1631. .Prebendary of Westminister and holder of various benefices. As a member of the Commission he earned the praise of the King and with it a promise of advancement, but when the Archbishopric of Armagh became vacant in 1624 through the ueath of Archbishop Hampton he failed to secure the appointment despite the undoubted influence of his friends. Died December 15, 1631. D.N.B.

(21) C.S.P.I. 1615·1625, p. 345.

(22)C.S.P.I. 1615·1625, p. 346.

(23) Circa 1588·1643. Lord Chancellor of Ireland and as such included in the Commmissioners who inquired into the state of the church and completed the Ulster Plantation. Created Viscount 1622. Nephew of Most Rev. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh 1562-1567. Died 1643. D.N.B. and Peerages.

(24)Christopher Hampton, D.D., Archbishop of Armagh, 1613·1625.

High Court of Admiralty Examinations, 1536-1641

The High Court of Admiralty was established between 1340 and 1360 and it was probably set up to deal with the problems of piracy and spoil. It was stated that as an ‘Admiralty Court’ it was not bound by the rules of common law, but must administer “Equity and the Law of the Sea”

The work of Reginald G. Marsden is the best introduction to the early history of this court (‘Select Pleas in the Court of Admiralty’. Selden Soc., vols., Vi and XI, 1894 and 1897)

As with any court, cases were heard involving plaintiffs and defendants. Documents relating to any case, examinations and depositions of witnesses were studied by the court or its employees and decisions made. Appeals may or may not have been presented.

“Most of the surviving records of the court are clasified in a series of documents separate from civil and prize cases. This includes a wide range of material such as commissions of oyer and terminer, warrants, indictments, lists of gaol delivery, letters, minutes and examination books running from 1537-1776, which contain the depositions of the accused person, complainents and witnesses. Much of the material conerns the activities of pirates at sea, or of ‘aiders and abettors” ashore, but there are other cases concerning theft, murder or manslaughter, sodomy and mutiny.”(A Calendar of Material relating to Ireland, from the High Court of Examinations, 1536-1641″ Ed. John C. Appleby. Publ. Irish Manuscripts Commission, 1992. ISBN 1 874280 03 7)

The High Court of the Admiralty was probably set up to deal with the problems of piracy & spoil, it was not bound by the rule of common court. This is an index to the names of people found in the documents of that court. The following is an index to the names found in the High Court of Admiralty Index and the page numbers.