Tag Archives: Plantation

Plantation Survey, 1622, Co. Armagh and Co. Tyrone

A brief survey of the present estate of the plantations in the counties of Armagh and Tyone, taken by the Ld. Caulfield and Sir. Dudley Diggs and Sr. Nathaniel Rich, Knts. Anno DnI 1622.

County of Ardmagh.

The Precinct of Oneylan, allotted to English Undertakers.

(1) William Bromlow Esqr. hath 2 Proportions, vizt. Dewcorran
containing 1500 acres, upon which is built a good. howse or Castle of stone, and Brick, lay’d with lime, 3 stories high, wherein himself, his wife, and Familie, now inhabite; This house is compassed with a strong Bawne of lyme, and stone, 159 foot long, 93 foot broad, and 14 foot in height, with a fair Flancker square to the South East; and he is purposed to make another opposite; he hath made neer adjoyning a good Village, consisting of 40 howses, inhabited with English Tenants, on both sides the streete, in which a good Windemill stands.
1500 acres.

He hath also an other proportion; called Ballynemony, where he hath built a howse of lyme and stone, standing within an Island; In which, one Wilfred Trueman dwelleth, and holds this howse & 60 acres of land in Fee Simple.
(60 acres) (Should actually read 1000 acres)
Upon both Proportions.
Freeholders, vizt.

3 Haveing 10 acres apiece
5 haveing 60 acres apeece.

Leaseholders, and Cottagers.
1 haveing 140 acres.
1 haveing 200 acres.
2 haveing 120 acres apeece.
2 haveing 100 acres apeece.
2 haveing 60 acres apeece.
4 haveing 50 acres apeece.

The rest some have 40 acres, some 30, some 20, some 11, and some less, but all have some Land to their houses for 21 yeares and some for longer tearmes ; they are able to bring 160 men into the ffeild, armed with Pikes, Callivers, or other Weapons; and he hath in his Castle Shott, and Pikes for fiftie men; But there are on these Proportions, (as we are crediblie informed) 24 Irish Families.
(2) Three miles from thence, the Lord Grandison hath a Proportion called Kirnarn, containeing 1000 acres, which he purchased of James Matchett; upon which there is builded a smale Timber Howse thatched & compassed about with a Ditch, & a quicksett hedge ; But we are informed his Lordship intends very shortly, to build a stone howse & a Bawne upon it.

In this howse there now liveth two poor Servants; and upon this proportion there are planted; vizt. — .

Freeholders 10, vizt.

1 Haveing 200 Acres.
2 haveing zoo acres apeece.
1 haveing 60 acres.
2 haveing 50 acres apeece.
3 haveing 40 acres apeece.

Leaseholders for 21 yeares, or 3 lives, vizt.

1 haveing 120 acres.
1 haveing 60 acres.
6 of 20 acres apeece.
3 of 15 acres apeece.
1 of 14 acres.
1 of 7 acres.
1of 6 acres.
1 of 5 acres.

There is also a Water Mill upon this Proportion, and every Tenant is armed with a Muskett or a Calliver, or a Pike; There are upon this Proportion (as we are crediblie informed) 8 Irish Families.

1000 acres

(3) 2000 ,acres.

Mr. Obbins hath 2000 acres, called Ballevoran, upon which there is built a convenient dwelling howse of Brick, covered with thatch, about which there is a Bawne, but a yarde & Garden inclosed with a Pale. But the Gentleman himself is now prisoner in England, and his wife yet lives in the house was not at home, at our being there. But there are planted upon this Land, (as we are informed by the neighboures)

Freeholders and Leaseholders 7. and about 30 scattered English Families.
The Estates of these are uncertain in regard to title of the land. is not yet setled.
There are upon this proportion (as we are credibly informed) 18 Irish Families.

(4) 3000 Acres (should read 2000 acres) & 1000 acres

Anthony Cope Esqr. hath 3000 Acres, called Dirricrevy, and Dromully, upon the first containeing 2000 acres he hath built a strong howse of lyme and stone. 3 Stories and ½ high, wherein he Inhabiteth with his wife & Familie.

Upon his other Proportion containeing 1000 acres, he hath a very strong Bawne, well built of lyme & stone, 180 foot square, and 14 foot high, with 4 good Flanckers, upon three whereof are built smale Buildings of lyme and stone 2 stories and ½ high in the best of which one William Peirson dwells, and in the other there are under Tenants.

There is also a good Windmill. and upon these proportions there are planted

2 of 100 acres apeece.
2 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 30 acres.
1 of 15 acres.
1 of 10 acres not resident.

There are planted as undertenants upon these Free-holders lands 23, and there are

1 of 60 acres, not resident; part whereof is litt out to English undertenants. The rest Irish occupie.
2 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 50 acres.
2 of 40 acres apeece.
1 of 30 acres.
1 of 25 acres.
2 of 20 acres apeece.
14 of sundry smale parcells.

These all have Leases, and there are besides sundry Cottagers of Occupations makeing in all 72, furnished with Armes, besides the Freeholders. .

And there are upon these proportions as we are crediblie informed 40 Irish Families.

(5) 1000 acres
Sr. Francis Annesley, hath 1000 acres, called Temore Intely purchased of Richard Rolston, upon which there is a Bawne of 1000 sodds, with a Pallisado, and moated. But all soe decayed, that it is of litle defence; within it, is a smale howse, wherein Richard
Rolstone dwelleth with his Family.

Upon this proportion there are planted of Brittish Families.

1 haveing 60 acres.
1 haveing 140 acres.

Leasholders for lives 4 haveing ½ of a Tate Leaseholders for yeares
1 haveing 120 acres.
1 haveing 100 acres.
2 haveing 60 acres apeece.
3 haveing 20 acres apeece.
2 haveing 15 acres apeece.

There are upon this proportion, (as we are crediblie informed) 12 Irish Families.

(6) 2000 Acres
Sr. John Dillon hath 2000 acres called, Aghivillan, and Brochus, upon this onely is built one convenient dwelling howse of Timber rough cast with lyme, wherein himselfe, his Father, & wife, with their Familie, doe now inhabite, there is no Bawne about the Howse.

Upon this, are planted of English Families, vizt.

Freeholders 8, having 100 acres, apeece.

Leaseholders, and Cottagers, 42, who were presented to us, with their Armes, but have not their Estates yet past to them, in regard(as it was alleadged) Sr. John Dillon is newly come to, the Land, by a, late purchase.
There are upon this Proportion, (as we are crediblie informed} 18 Irish Families.

(7) 1500 acres

William Stanhowe hath 150 acres; (should read 1500 acres) called Shanagoolan; here
is not any thing built, he having been long by Suites (as he saith) held in England, but intends shortly to build, according to the directions of the Plantation, for the Which purpose, he saith he hath in readinesse 100000 Brick, and some Timber fell’d; Memorrandum he gave bonds at his comeing out of England of £300 to perform the said Building, within a yeare; which time will expire at Michaelmas next, which we hold fitt to recomend to the Lord Deputie, or
There are not above 4 English men upon the Land; but it is generally inhabited with Irish, as upon the last survey; And (as we are informed) there are upon this proportion 24 Irish Families.

(8) 2000 acres

Francis Sacheverell hath 2000 acres, called Mullalelish & Legacorry; upon Legacorry there is built a convenient dwelling howse of stone and, lyme, covered with Thatch; and about it, a Bawne of Clay & stone; roughcast with lyme 198 foot long, 19 foot

broad, 8 ffoot high with 4 open Flanckers of the same height; In which Howse himself, with his Familie, now Inhabite; But is demised from Michaelmas next, to Sr. Archibald Acheson for 21 yeares.

Upon the Proportion of Mullalelish,he hath erected a convenient dwelling howse of lyme & stone, not yet fully finished, wherein, himself intends to reside.

There are planted upon these 2 Proportions, vizt.

Freeholders 4, vizt.

1 of 90 acres.
1 of 84 acres.
1 of 60 acres.
1 of 50 acres.

Leases for lives 24, vizt.

2 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 30 acres.
10 of 20 apeece.
4 of 15 acres apeece.
7 of 60 acres joyntly.

Leases for yeares 13, vizt.

1 of 80 acres.
1 of 30 acres.
1 of 20 acres.
10 haveing all some small parcells of land.

Cottagers 24.

There are upon these proportions (as we are credibly informed) 49 Irish Families.

(9) 15,000 acres

Mr. John Dillon 1500 acres called Mullabane, upon which is erected, a large, and fair Brick howse, which is not yet covered, nor any Bawne about it; But himself and his Family dwells in a litle howse of timber neer adjoyning, till the other is finished.

Upon this proportion are planted.


3 of 60 acres apeece.
1 of 60 acres.
2 of 20 acres apeece.
2 of 60 acres joyntly.
3 of 60 acres joyntly.
3 of 60 acres joyntly.
4 of 60 acres joyntly.
6 of 60 acres joyntly.
4 of 20 acres joyntly.
11 of 60 acres joyntly.
5 of 60 acres joyntly.

And Cottagers 7.

There are upon this proportion, (as we are crediblie informed) few or noe Irish.

The Precinct of Fewes, allotted to Scottish Undertakers.

(10) 1000 acres.

Henry Acheson hath 1000 acres, called Colemalistie. upon which is built a Bawne of Clay, and Stone 100 foot long, 80 foot broad, and 10 foot high, with 4 open Flanckers; There is no Gate to this Bawne nor any Howse within for any man to Dwell, but the Bawne lies open, and is of no use, in regard it is so ill built; There are upon this land of Brittish. vizt.

2 haveing 120 acres apeece
1 of 60 acres
1 of 50 acres
3 of 100 acres joyntly
4 of 100 acres joyntly
7 of 20 acres joyntly

All armed with sword, Pike and Calliver. On this Proportion there are noe Irish, onely he hath sett out some parte of the land to the Irish to graze on.

Cottagers 8.

(11) 1000 acres
John Hamilton Esqr. hath 1000 acres called, Magherientri, which was first Sr. James Crags, upon which there is a Bawne of Clay, and stone, 90 foot long, 63 foot broad, and 12 foot High, with 2 open Flanckers; within the Bawne there is a little old thatched
howse, wherein lyes a poore Scottish man; But there is no Gate to the Bawne.

The said John Hamilton hath an other Proportion of 1000 acres, called Kilruddan sometimes William Lawders, upon which he hath a Bawne not fully finished of Clay, and stone 100 foot long, 60 foot broad, with 2 open Flanckers; Within the Bawne there is lay’d the Foundation of a dwelling howse, of stone, and Clay: but all his Building is soe ill, that it is fitt, for nothing, but to be pulled downe, and reedified, which he saith, he will doe verie shortly; and make it a seat for himselfe, to dwell on.

He hath 500 acres more, called Edenagh, upon which there is nothing built.

Freeholders 3 vizt.

1 of 120 acres.
2 of 60 acres apeece
1 of 60 acres.
2 of 60 acres apeece.

Leaseholders for yeares 23 vizt.

2 of 80 acres apeece.
2 of 75 acres joyntly.
1 of 60 acres.
2 of 60 acres joyntly.
4 of 60 acres joyntly.
1 of 50 acres.
4 of 30 acres apeece.
1 of 20 acres.
2 of 24 acres joyntly.
2 of 24 acres joyntly.
1 of 15 acres.
1 of 12 acres.

Cottagers 40.

All armed with sword, Pike or Calliver.

On these proportions there are, (as we are crediblely informed) 48 Irish Families.

(12) 2000 acres

Sr. Archibald Atcheson hath 2000 acres called Clankamy. upon this he builded a convenient dwelling howse, part of lyme. & stone part of lyme and clay, environed with a Bawne of stone and clay 120 foot long. 80 foot broad, and 10 foot high. haveing 4 Flanckers. 3 of them being 15 foot high, and 14 foot wide. which are covered and containe 2 Roomes a peece, being 2 stories, himself with his Wife and Familie. doe inhabit in the said howse. .

He hath upon the said Proportion

Freeholders 5 vizt.

2 of 200 acres apeece.
3 of 120 acres apeece.

Leaseholders for yeares vizt.

1 of 200 acres.
1 of 180 acres.
2 of 120 acres apeece.
3 of 60 acres apeece.

All armed with sword, Pike and Calliver. On this proportion there is noe Irish, but now & then, his under Tenants sittpart of the land to grazing to Irish.

The Precinct of Orier alloted to Servitors and Natives.

(13) 1000 acres
Capt. Anthony Smith Assignee to Sr. Thomas Williams. hath 1000 acres. upon which is built a Bawne of lyme and stone. 69 foot broad, & 72 foot long, and about 12 foot high,With 3 open Flanckers. upon one of which he is building a house of stone and lyme
16 foot long, 10 foot broad. 2 stories high. and promiseth to build a 4th Flancker, & a house within the Bawne for himself to dwell upon; The Gates of this Bawne are not yet up; Not farre from this Bawne is erected a convenient dwelling house. inclosed with a . double ditch quicksett, built by Mr. Watson, who hath the lease of a Towne Land, from the said Capt. Smith; And in this howse himself with his wife & Family Inhabite.

About 2 miles distant Garrett Ld. Moore. Viscount of Droghedagh. upon his Proportion of 1000 acres hath built a good Bawne of lyme, and stone 105 foot long, 90 foot broad. and 10 foot high, with Two Flanckers, In one of which there is a good strong house of stone 20 foot square 3 stories high. in which one Townley. an English man, with his Familie, continualie reside; The Gates of this Bawne are fitt to be made stronger(Marginal sequential number not given for above entry; acreage also omitted.)
(14) 200 acres.

About 3 or 4 miles from thence is planted Lewetenant Poynes, who haveing onely 200 acres, as a servitor hath thereupon built, a fair dwelling house of brick, wherein himself and his family(?) inhabite; and hath an Orchard, Gardens, yardes, & Backsides, inclosed with a Ditch quicksett, besides a Bawne and a stable; And hath provided materialls, to build a Bawne of Brick, and hath 8 English Families that dwell in houses, in forme of a Village, neer adjoyning to the fair Mansion house.
(15) 1500 Acres

Within the same Parish about 2 miles distant upon a proportion of 1500 acres called Ballemore hath the Lord Grandizon, built one castle of lyme, and stone 33 foot in Length, and 29 foot broad, and 3 stories high, with an Addition of Building 66 foot in length, and 20 foot broad, makeing it a strong and Comodious dwelling, being compassed about with a Bawne of lyme & stone, with a Flancker on the North side, 14 foot square, and a litle Platforme adjoyning to the house, on the Rock, on the South side, with Flanckers. There are in the same Bawne, one Faucon, and 2 Fauconetts of Brasse, mounted, and Armes, within the Castle, Shott, and Pike, for 40 men, adjoyning to his howse there is a Pleasant Parke, paled round about, of 3 miles com passe.

Neer to the said Castle there is builded a handsome Church, 60 foot in length, and 24 in breadth well furnished with seates, Comunion Table, Capp, Font & a good Bell.

There is also a Markett Towne just under the Castle, with 27 Houses well built of the English fashion, makeing a fair large street, inhabited with English, furnished with Pike or Calliver.

Adjoyning to this Towne, are two Watermills, under one Roofe.

(16) 2000 acres

Sir Henry Bourchier upon his Proportion of 2000 acres within a mile of the said Castle, hath erected a strong house, or Castle of lime, and stone 60 foot long, and 1St broad, 3 stories high, which is not yet fully finished. It is compassed with a Bawne of Stone and lyme 100 foot long, IS foot broad & 14 foot high, with 2 Flanckers, being about 16 foot square; upon one whereof is built a litle dwellling house, and he is now in hand with 2 other Flanckers. And without the Bawne, there is a fair stable of lyme & stone.

(17) 1500 acres

Henry mac Shane 0 Neal, had 1500 acres, who sold his Reversion to Sr. John Boucmer & he to Sr. Francis Blundell, of whome the Ld. Caulfeildbought it, who is lately come to the possession thereof, by the death of Henry me Shane, except onely one third part held on by his Wife in Jointure.

In this there is nothing built, because Henry mac Shane in regard of his povertie was priviledged by the State; But the Lord Caulfeild hath now agreed for a Bawne, & Castle, according to the Patterne of the Ld. Grandizons, at Ballymore.

(18) 500 acres
Sr. John Davis had 500 acres, called Corinshino assigned to the Lord Audley upon the Plantation, without condition of Building, in regard the 2000 acres allotted to the said Ld. Audley, as a Servitor in Orier, was not to come to him till the death of Arthur mc Baron, and his Wife who is yet liveing. This said 500 acres is now in the hand of the Lord Grandison, by Purchase, and noe Buildinge upon it.

The said 2000 acres, was omitted in Capt. Pynnars Survey, and is now in the Possession of Arthur mc Barons Wife; after whose decease the land is to come to Sr. Pierce Crosby, in the righte of the Countess of Castle-haven, who hath yet built nothing thereon.

Continuation of paper Edited by T. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca

Plantation Survey, 1622, Co. Armagh

Edited by T. G. F. PATERSON, M.A., M.R.I.A. published in Seanchás Ardmhaca/


In the reign of Elizabeth the First there were three vain attempts at the colonization of Ulster, the earliest of which had its location in County Armagh. There Captain Thomas Chatterton had a grant(1) bestowed upon him on October 5, 1572, of Orior, the Fews and Gallowglass Country, on condition that he should plant and possess it before March 25, 1579. He was, however, slain by the O Hanlons of Orior shortly after the date of his patent, and as a consequence his heirs refused to risk their lives in perfecting a settlement in those areas. Two later experiments, one in County Down, the other in County Antrim, were equally unsuccessful, but in the early years of her successor a much more ambitious project came into being.

The Plantation of James the First was chiefly the work of three several commissions in 1608, 1609 and 1610, of which there is an excellent digest in the preface to the Calendar of State Papers of Ireland for the years 1608-1610, and a mass of additional matter in the recapitulations themselves. With the Patent Rolls and Inquisitions they form a useful and conveniently accessible index to the social, military and economic history of the period under consideration. Data in the same sources appertaining to the earlier years of Charles I will also be found extremely informative.

The Survey of 1608 was taken at the Moyry Castle July 2, 1608,(2) before a jury consisting of Sir Marmaduke Whitechurch(3) and seventeen natives of the county, viz:

Brian McDonnell
Xfor Fleming
Hugh McGilleduff
Patric Mri
Hugh O Lappan
Neece O Quin
Carbery McCann
Cormick McTirlagh
Owen Hughes
Patrick Oge O Cor
Donnell Neale
Calleigh McDonnell
Donaldus Caseus
Donagh McMurehy
Neal O Callaghan
Rory McPatrick
Turlagh McTeyre

Plantation Commissioners present comprised Sir Thomas Ridgeway, Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer of War in Ireland,(4) Sir Oliver St. John, Master of Ordnance in Ireland, Sir John Davies, His Majesty’s Attorney-General,(5) Sir Tobias Caulfeild, Sir Edward Blany,(6) and William Parsons Esquire, Surveyor General of: all His Majesty’s Possessions in Ireland.(7). From the document in question we learn that the barony of Orior had already been dealt with at Mountnorris. This examination of the lands of the county formed the basis for the more general scheme authorized in July, 1609. The Commission of the latter year was by far the most important of the three. It left Dublin July 31, 1609, and returned thence September 30. It reached Armagh city on Monday, August 7, and immediately began an investigation of the escheated lands. For that purpose the county was divided into five baronial, divisions each of which contained various precincts. Toughrany was not available for planting being held in part by the archbishop and the remainder by Sir Henry Oge O’Neill. The barony of Armagh was largely in the hands, of the Church and Trinity College, whilst the barony of Fews was mostly the property of the Church and of Sir Tirlagh MacHenry O’Neill. There were, however 15,500,acres disposable in Orior, 16,500 in O’Neilland, 6,000 in Fews and in Armagh 4,500 – the, quantities of these: proportions ,were greatly in excess of the acreages shown above.

The most momentous meeting of the week took place on Friday August, 12, when 22 jurors, (all with one exception from the leading septs or families) assisted the Commissioners in a fairly exhaustive.enquiry regarding the Temporal and Ecclesiastical lands of the county (8)

Under that particular Commission maps were prepared showing the forfeited lands and by the spring of 1610 the successful applicants had been chosen and their proportions assigned, though actual possession did not take place until the summer and autumn. Almost a year after Sir George Carew (9) with a new set of Commissioners made a visitation of the undertakers who had received permission to go ahead. It was found that a few settlers had made earnest endeavours to fulfil their obligations but that many such had not troubled to set to work either personally or by agents. Those complying with the Articles of Plantation were encouraged but the indolent and the absentees were bluntly threatened with confiscation. This resulted in many grantees selling their proportions and returning to their native soils, a state of affairs prevalent not alone in Armagh but in other countries as well. Carew’s Report is the first account implying progress. The Plantation remained somewhat static in 1612 and 1613 so in 1615(10) King James Ordered Sir Josias Bodley (11) to examine whether undertakers were neglecting their plantation duties. It thus came to pass that Captain Nicholsa Pynnar was commissioned to make a more comprehensive survey (12) in 1618-1619. From his findings we learn that by then a number of the original proprietors had sold out and departed but that their successors were busily employed in completing castle or bawns or erecting new dwellings – tenants by then had increased considerably. There were however exceptions: undertakers whose intentions were possibly good but failed to materialize.

Pynnar’s Survey though better known than Carew’s Report is less informative. For instance, it takes no notice of fortifications at Mount Norris (erected 1602), the Moyry,(1601) or Charlemont (erected 1602).To procure a really comprehensive view of the county as it was then it becomes necessary to study the Patent Rolls and Inquisitions of James I and Charles I and other allied material.

In the class of undertakers termed “Servitors” a lengthy list of Irish names is recorded but practically no reference is made to such grantees. in the above surveys or indeed in that of 1622. Other missing items consist of monastic and conventual lands, the great acreage bestowed upon Trinity College, Dublin, the much less substantial endowment for the Royal School of Armagh, and the smaller portions allotted to the Boroughs of Armagh and Charlemont.

The portion relating to .County Armagh was surveyed by the same three Commissioners as Tyrone, hence the linked heading (see Plate I), the inspectors being Lord Caulfeild,(14) Sir Dudley Digges,(15) and Sir Nathaniel Riche(16) Its title “Divers Reports concerning ye state of the Kingdom of Ireland upon the View of certain Commissioners sent by King James in 1622” suggests perhaps a larger area than is actually covered. It shows, however, a steady increase in the number of settlers on Plantation “proportions” in the County, a fact substantiated by a Muster Roll of circa 1630 from which we can arrive at a reasonably accurate estimate of the Plantation population at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1641.

The Survey is preserved in the British Museum amongst the “Additional Manuscripts” and is numbered “4756.” The text is here reproduced without any alterations in spelling or punctuation. Capitals have been adhered to also, but contractions have been extended for the sake of easy perusal-examples of those occurring in the Armagh section are illustrated below.

addicon = addition.
comer = conunissioner.
condicon = condition.
direccons = directions.
leaseholdes =leaseholders.
LP = Lordship.
plantacons = plantations.
pporcon = proportion.
proporcons = proportions.
revercon = reversion.
Sd = said.
undertents = undertenants.
Michas = Michaelmas.
undrtents = undertenants.
occupacons = occupations.
weh = which.
pcells = parcels.
wth = with.
pforme = perform.
ye = the.
(Final-con(s) etc. has a wavy accent not reproduced here.

The actual investigation was undertaken at the instigation of the King who, besides desiring fresh news as to progress, wished to show his displeasure towards certain people who had chanced to offend him. This he achieved by banishing them to Ireland!

A warrant was issued March 16, 1622, authorizing the payment of commissioners assigned for the carrying out of the Survey. It gives the names and remuneration of the individuals engaged, all men of some eminence, but of the nine noted below we shall only take notice of a few. They were as under-

Sir William Jones (14)
Sir James Perro (15)
Sir Thomas Penruddocke
Thomas Crew (16)
Sir Dudley Digges
Sir Henry Bouchier
Sir Nathaniel Riche
Richard Hadsor and Theodore Price (17)

Each member received an advance fee of £100 and an allowance of £1 10s. Od. per diem dating from February 20 of that year, and for the transportation of “all the said Commissioners” Sir Dudley Digges received an additional £100.

On March 20 we find the Commission augmented by (18)
Sir Adam Loftus Lord Chancellor (19)
Christopher Archbishop of Armagh(20)

Viscount Grandison of Limerick (21)
Charles Viscount ; Wilmot
Toby Lord Caulfeild (22)
Sir Dudley Norton
Sir Francis Blundell
Bart. Sir William Parsons, Bart.
Sir John Jephson
of whom no .less than four had links with Armagh.

The actual inspection of the county was, however, the work of, the three Commissioners mentioned earlier, ‘Lord Caulfeild, Sir;Dudley Digges and Sir Nathaniel Riche, and to them we are indebted for this account of. the Plantation ;in .1622.


My thanks are due to Mr. B. Schofield, M.A., Ph. D., Keeper of the Manuscript Collections, British Museum, for permission· to publish this practically. unknown survey; to Viscount Charlemont for leave to use a print of the portrait in his possession of Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Lord Charlemont; and to my colleagues Miss Elizabeth Frazer and Mr. D.R.M Weatherup, A.M.A. for valuable and much appreciated assistance in reading proofs.


(1) From the Queen by indentures under the Great Seal of England dated October 5 and afterwards by Letters Patent. The grant having been enrolled in England there was no office found of the breach of contract until 1610. C.S.P.I. (1608-1610), pp. 552-9 “Sir John Davys on King’s title to lands in County Armagh.”

(2) Vol. 3, E. 3. 13 and No. 582 Trinity College Library. All the jurors signed by “mark” excepting Whitechurch, Caseus, McTeyre, Fleming: McMurchy and l\-lri. What is almost a counterpart of the above most interesting and detailed survey has been edited and published in Analeeta Hiberniea, No.3, 1931, from a Rawlinson MS. in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The Trinity version is, however. the more profitable in that it gives townlands of Precincts individually instead of acreages or balliboes within such divisions.

(3) Came to Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth. Present at the battle of the Yellow Ford in 1598. Died January 31, 1634. Buried Loughbrickland, Co. Down, in which county he acquired a considerable estate by purchase from the Magennis family. He also secured lands in Louth. Monaghan and Armagh in which county he received a grant of 6 balliboes of the lands of the Nunnery of Killevy.

(4) Born 1565. Served in Ire land and was knighted 1600. Vice-Tteasurer 1603-1606.
Treasurer. 1606-1616. Created a baronet l616. Advanced to the peerage as Lord Ridgeway of Gallen Ridgeway, Queens County 1616, and in 1622 to the Earldom of Londonderry. Assisted in the preliminary work of the survey of the escheated counties and with his brother George acquired lands in Tyrone. Died January 1631-32 . Complete Peerage.and. D.N.B.

(5) 1569-1626. Appointed Attorney.-General for Ireland, Received a grant of 2,000 acres in Tyrone, 1,500 acres in Fermanagh and 500 acres in Armagh. Died 1631-32. Complete Peerage D.N.B.

(6) Accompanied the’ Earl of Essex’ to Ireland in 1598. Governor of’ Mountnorris Fort 1601. Present at siege of Kinsale. Knighted 1603. Seneschal of Monaghan 1604. Lord Lieutenant of Monaghan 1613-1615. Created Lord Blayney of Monaghan 1621, in which county, he received grants in 1607 and 1611. . Died February; 11, 1629-30. Complete Peerage.

(7) 1570-1650. Ancestor of the extinct Earls of Rosse .. Settled ,in; Ireland about 1590 with his brother Laurence, ancestor of Earls of Rosse of the second creation. As. a Commissioner of Plantation obtained considerable grants from .the Crown. Became Surveyor-General 1602.Cpntinued in Government posts until.l643in which year he. was charged with. treason and. committed to prison with Sir Adam Loftus and others. Died. February;.l649-50. Complete. Peerage, and D.N.B.
(8) Patent Rolls, 17 ‘James I, and GLANCY, Seanchas Ardmhacha. ,Vol. I. No. I,
pp.:76·93,’for,.an’exhaustive ·examination of-the Inquisition in ,question.

(9)Came to Ireland with, his brother’ Peter and entered Irish service ‘under” his cousin Sir Peter Carew. Born 1555. Died, 1629. Very active in Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth I and James I. and friend of Lord Mountjoy. The celebrated Carew Manuscripts contain much material of Ulster interest. Creatod Baron. Carew of Clopton (May 1605) and Earl of Totnes (February 1625-26). See D;N.B. and complete Peerage. For his Survey of County Armagh see Calendar Carew Manuscripts 1603-1624.pp:·78. 225-226, and 229 .

(10) GSP.I. 1615′-1625″ p.’ 25, King’s letter to Chichester.

(11) A celebrated cartographer of those days. He served as Governor of Newry in 1601 land was present at the raid on Loughrorkan, County Armagh on Apri16 of that year.

(12) Printed in Harris’s Hibernica (1747), pp. 112-1l7; Carew Manuscripts (1603-1624) pp. 415-418; but perhaps more easily consultable in, Hill’s Plantations pp.; 555-572. Pynnar came to Ireland in 1600 as a Captain in the army. In.1610 he offered as a “Servitor” to take part in the’ Plantation and in 1611 was ,assigned 1,000 acres in Cavan Appointed November 28, 1618, to survey the escheated counties. The importance of his celebrated work has perhaps been over estimated as fresh inspection was necessary three. years after. He does not seem to have ever taken up his, Cavan proportion and his report of l619 gives no particulars as to his reasons for withdrawal.

(13) The very large but scattered granges of the Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul of Armagh had already been acquired by Sir Toby Caulfeild. About the same time Francis Annesley acquired the sites, ambits and precincts of the late Nunneries of Templefartagh and Templebreed in Armagh city.

(14) Born 1565. Seneschal or Governor of County Armagh. Had a distinguished army career. Served Queen Elizabeth gallantly in Spain and the Low Countries before coming to Ireland where he eventually secured lands in the Counties Armagh, Tyrone, Monaghan, Derry, Louth, Cavan, Fermanagh, and Donegal. His estates contained every variety of landed property among which were the very extensive grange lands of the Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul of Armagh and the Fort and town of Charlemont with 300 acres attached in 1607. These he acquired before the Plantation of Ulster was actually decided upon, afterwards receiving a further grant of 1,000 acres in South Armagh where the remains of a bawn raised by him may still be seen. M.P. for County Armagh 1613-1615. Commissioner for Escheated Estates in 1616. Created Baron Charlemont 1620 with special remainder to his nephew Sir William Caulfeild, 2nd Baron Charlemont, ancestor of the present Viscount Charlemont. Died 1627. D.N.B. and Complete Peerage.

(15) 1583-1639. Diplomat and judge. Came to Ireland to act as Commissioner in 1622. See D.N.B. and C.S.P.I. 1615-1625.

(16) Born circa 1585. Had a legal training. Admitted Gray’s Inn 1609·10. Devoted at first to politics but later engaged in mercantile pursuits. Carne to Ireland with Digges in 1622 as a Commissioner. Died 1636. D.N.B.

(17) 1566·1640. Knighted 1617 and in same year appointed Chief Justice of King’s Bench in Ireland. In 1620 resigned and returned to the English Bar. In 1621 became a judge of the Common Pleas and in 1622 selected a member of the above Commission with which he remained until 1623. Again in Ireland on a like Commission in 1624. Transferred from Common Pleas to King’s Bench and proceeded to England where he died December 9, 1640. D.N.B.

(18) 1571.1637. Politician. “Subjected to an honourable banishment to Ireland” as a member of the Commission. His opinions were by then an embarassment to the
Crown. Died February 4, 1636-7. D.N.B. -.

(19) 1565-1634. Politician. Incurred the King’s displeasure because of opinions expressed in Parliament, and as a consequence sent to Ireland as Commissioner. Returned to England and was chosen Speaker of the English House of Commons in 1623. Knighted 1624. Again selected as Speaker at first Parliament of Charles I (1625). Died February 1633-4. D.N.B.

(20) 1570·1631. .Prebendary of Westminister and holder of various benefices. As a member of the Commission he earned the praise of the King and with it a promise of advancement, but when the Archbishopric of Armagh became vacant in 1624 through the ueath of Archbishop Hampton he failed to secure the appointment despite the undoubted influence of his friends. Died December 15, 1631. D.N.B.

(21) C.S.P.I. 1615·1625, p. 345.

(22)C.S.P.I. 1615·1625, p. 346.

(23) Circa 1588·1643. Lord Chancellor of Ireland and as such included in the Commmissioners who inquired into the state of the church and completed the Ulster Plantation. Created Viscount 1622. Nephew of Most Rev. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh 1562-1567. Died 1643. D.N.B. and Peerages.

(24)Christopher Hampton, D.D., Archbishop of Armagh, 1613·1625.