There have been many notable Irish people throughout history. The 6th century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the “fathers of Europe”, followed by Kilian of Würzburg and Vergilius of Salzburg. The scientist Robert Boyle is considered the “father of chemistry”. Famous Irish explorers include Brendan the Navigator, Robert McClure, Ernest Shackleton and Tom Crean. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides; and an Irishman was the first European to set foot on American soil in Columbus’ expedition of 1492.