St. Patrick’s College Carlow Report, 1866

Printed by T. Price, 55 Dublin St.

“One scheme put forward by the Liberal administration in 1866 proposed to grant a supplemental charter to the Queen’s University, empowering it to examine and confer degrees on students other than those of the Queen’s colleges. A bill on these lines was introduced and carried by a narrow majority. The supplemental charter was issued but its legality was at once contested in the courts by some supporters of secular education, and an injunction was obtained setting it aside” – David Kennedy , ‘Towards a University’ , 1946, p. 56.

The conditions required in affiliated Colleges by the Senate of the Queen’s University are fulfilled by St. Patrick’s College, Carlow.

Affiliated Colleges are required to have a competent Staff of Professors instructing Students in the course of Studies prescribed by the Senate as the curriculum for a candidate for the Degree of Bachelor in Arts.

The curriculum of Studies, prescribed by the Senate of the Queen’s University, at Page 9 of their Regulations, comprises any four of the following subjects for the Degree of B.A. :-
English Language and Literature, Latin, Mathematical Sciences, Modern Continental Languages, Experimental Physics, Logic, Chemistry, Metaphysics, Zoology, History, Botany, Political Economy, Greek.

At present Carlow College has a competent Staff of Professors instructing Students in all the above subjects, except Botany and Political Economy.

If the Senate deem these subjects necessary, Professorships of Botany and Political Economy will be forthwith instituted.

The following are the Professors of St. Patrick’s College, Carlow, exclusive of the Faculty of Theology:-

Logic and Moral Philosophy, Rev. Dean Tynan.
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, Rev. P. Fitzsimons.
Chemistry and Chemical Physics, Rev. J. Kavanagh, D.D.
Animal Physiology and Zoology, Thomas O’Mara, Esq., M.B. Ex-University Medical
Scholar, London.
Greek and Latin Languages and Literature, Rev. E. Loughrey, J. G. Conroy, Esq., J. W. Barron, Esq.
Modern History and English Literature, Rev. J. Farrell.
Ancient History and Geography, Rev. J. Colgan.
French Language, Rev. R. Coffey.
Elementary Mathematics, O’Connell Leyne, Esq.
Music, Mr. J. J. Gormley.
German and Italian Languages, Vacant.

All the Professors of Carlow College are resident, and give their labours to their professional duties exclusively except the Professors of Physiology and Drawing.

The success of the Students of Carlow College in the University of London, and the Text Books used in the Institution will I presume, be deemed satisfactory evidence as to the character of the teaching.

The curriculum of the Non-Matriculated Students of Carlow college is the course of Studies required for Matriculation in the University of London which embraces Mathematics and Algebra. including-
Progressions and Simple Equations. Geometry. The First Four Books of Euclid. Natural Philosophy. Mechanics. Hydrostatics. pneumatics. Hydraulics. Acoustics. Optics (Elementary). Heat. Chemistry. Greek and Latin Languages.

The books required for the present year are the Adelphi of Terence and the Memorabilia of Xenephon. English Language. Writing. Dictation. History .and Grammatical Structure of English History , Modern Geography, French or German Language.

The curriculum of the Matriculated Students of Carlow College is the course of studies required for the first and second B.A. examinations in the University of London: which embraces: Arithmetic and Algebra. including Logarithms and Quadratic Equations. Geometry , including the Sixth Book and part of the Eleventh Book of Euclid, plane Trigonometry , Co-ordinate Geometry , Latin Language, Roman History , English History, English Language. French or German Language, English Literature.

The subjects of the second B.A. Pass Examinations are :-
Mechanical and Natural Philosophy, treated experimentally and mathematically (See Calendar. p. 55). Statics, Dynamics, Hydrostatics, Hydraulics. Pneumatics, Optics (Geometrical). Optics (Physical). Acoustics, Astronomy, Animal Physiology, Greek Language, Latin Language.

The Books for the present year are Thucydides and Cicero. History of Greece. Logic and Moral Philosophy.

On comparing this curriculum with the course of studies required at page Nine of Regulations published by the Senate of the Queen’s University, I find that this curriculum embraces all the subjects there specified except: Zoology, Botany, and political Economy, and that it includes the subjects of Animal Physiology and Astronomy, which are not required by the Regulations of the Senate of the Queen’s University.

The names of the Students of St. Patrick’s college, Carlow, who have obtained degrees in the University of London are given on Page 15 in this Report.
Since the opening of the current academic year, students are being prepared as usual in St. Patrick’s College, Carlow, for the examinations for first B.A. and second B.A. and for Matriculation in the University of London.

If the examinations for Matriculation, and for the first B.A. and second B.A., in the University of London be as difficult as the examination for the same degrees in other Universities, which is universally admitted, and which the examination papers of the several calendars sufficiently prove, the competency of the Professors of St. Patrick’s College to train for University Degrees in Arts cannot be denied or questioned, as they have sent in students to the University of London with distinguished success.

In June, 1864, a Carlow student obtained a sufficient number of marks for an exhibition, but was defeated by superior merit. In June, 1865, one Carlow student obtained honours and four passed, two having obtained first class. In June, 1866, seven Carlow students passed, four in the first class.

I am not aware that any other institution in Ireland not enjoying the privilege of a Charter, can afford more satisfactory evidence of the competency of its professors and of the character of its teaching. Text Books used in Carlow College:

English Language – Angus Adams’ Latham.
English Literature – Craik, Shaw, Hazlit, Guizot, Gervinus.
Pure Mathematics -Barnard Smith and Colenso’s Arithmetic, Todhunter’s Algebra, Todhunter’s Trigonometry, Lardner’s Euclid, Todhunter’s Conic Sections, Todhunter’s Differential and Integral Calculus.
Mixed Mathematics -Parkinson’s Mechanics, Phare’s
Hydrostatics, Parkinson’s Optics, Potter’s Physical Optics,
Herschell’s Astronomy, Gant’s Astronomy, parts I and 2,
Lardner’s acoustics.
Experimental Physics -Ganot’s Physics, Millar’s Chemical Physics.
Chemistry- Dr. Odling’s Manual of Chemistry, Williamson’s Chemistry , Millar’s Chemistry.
Logic and Moral Philosophy -Bouvier, Mill, Lafonet, Aldrich, Thompson, Hamilton.

An extensive Library is open to the students, which contains the best books of reference in Classics, Literature and History.

A distinct course of lectures is delivered and Catechetical instructions are given in all the subjects required by the curriculum, prescribed by the Senate of the Queen’s University (b).

The names of the Professors and the subjects of lectures are given at page 10 of this Report.

Sessional Examinations are held twice in each Academic year. They commence on the second Monday in December, and the second Monday in June, and each student is examined before a Board of Examiners consisting of all the Professors of the College.( 3rd condition required in affiliated colleges)

A local Examiner, sent by the Senate of the University of London, holds Provincial Examinations at Carlow College three times each year in June, for Matriculation; in July, for first B.A., and in October for second B.A. Persons who were not pupils of the College were admitted to these examinations last year .

The College has a Laboratory and a large Lecture-room provided with apparatus and appliances to teach the physical Sciences effectively.(4th condition required in affiliated colleges)

All the students of Carlow College, both ecclesiastical and secular, seek the advantage of a University Degree, and since the London University granted to the College the privilege of a local Examiner, the curriculum has been so framed that every ecclesiastical student is expected to take the degree of B.A. before he is permitted to commence his Theological Studies.

The Junior Students on the annexed list are in the preparatory school of St. Mary’s, situate in the country, two miles from the large College, under a distinct staff of masters not enumerated in the above list of Professors.

There are 190 students in Carlow College, all resident. See printed list of the names and ages of the students

Names of Professors of St. Patrick’s College, Carlow; Subjects of lectures and days on which they are given
The Rev. Patrick Bermingham, D.D. Lectures in Sacred Scripture on Mondays, Tuesdays. Thursdays and Fridays.
The Rev. James Colgan, Lectures in Canon Law, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.
The Rev. P. Fitzsimons, Lectures in Mathematics, on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays.
The Rev. Thomas Tynan, Lectures in Logic and Moral Philosophy on Mondays, Tuesdays. Thursdays and Fridays.
The Rev. P. Fitzsimons, Lectures in Natural Philosophy on Wednesdays and Saturdays.
The Rev. J. Kavanagh. D.D., Lectures in Chemistry on Wednesdays and Saturdays.
The Rev. J. Farrell, Lectures in English Language and Literature on Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Mr. J. G. Conroy, Lectures in Latin Language and Literature on Mondays and Tuesdays.
Mr. J. G. Conroy, Lectures in Greek Language and Literature on Thursdays and Fridays.
Mr. Joseph Farrell, Catechetical Instructions in Latin. Morning Class -Mondays, Tuesdays. Thursdays and Fridays.
Catechetical Instructions in Greek Language: Evening Class – Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays.
Mr. J. G. Conroy. Lectures in French Language and Literature on Wednesdays and Saturdays at morning class and in English History at evening class.
The Rev. E. Loughrey. Mondays. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, Catechetical Instructions in Latin Language, and on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Roman History and Modern Geography.
Mr. Joseph Barron. Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, Catechetical Instructions in Latin Language, and on Wednesdays and Saturdays, Grecian History and Ancient Geography.
Mr. O.Connell Leyne. Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays. Catechetical Instructions in French Language.
Thomas O’Mara, Esq.. Lectures in Animal Physiology and Zoology. on Saturdays.
Rev. F. Coffey: Cathetical Instructions in French Language on Tuesdays & Fridays
Professor of German and Italian Language – Vacant
Professor of Mathematical and Architectural Drawing: Mr. Arthur Mayne
Resident Music Master: J.J. Gormly, esq.

Names of Students who obtained Degrees

1 = First class

Surname & Name Degree
Aughney MichaelBarden Patrick E.

Barron Pierce L.

Bennet Thomas

Bermingham Patrick

Bradshaw Richard C.

Butler John

Cahill Patrick

Coghlan Thomas

Conor Albert W.

Conroy James G.

Daniel William T.

Dennehy George

Doucett Thomas

Dunne John

Dunne Michael W.

Farmer Thomas

Fitzpatrick Wlater B.

Headon William

Hearne Daniel J.

Hilly John

Keane Denis, Rev.

Kinsella W., Rev.

Lawlor James

Leyne Edward

Mannion Edward M.

McCarthy Richard V.

McCarthy Samuel

Merriman Michael

Middleton Cecil

Mulhall Edward

O’Beirne James W., Rev.

O’Donovan Alexander

O’Donovan Patrick

O’Meara Thomas

O’Sullivan Mortimer

Patterson Edward

Phelan John, Rev.

Power Thomas J., Rev.

Quinlan John

Skelly Thomas

Sugrue John H.

Taylor James I., Very Rev.

Walshe Nicholas

Whitey Esmonde

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Names of Students Resident in St. Patrick’s College

Surname & Name Age
Aughney MichaelBarnwall Gerald

Barron P.

Barry James

Beecham John

Beecham Patrick

Bourke Patrick

Bourke Richard

Boyle Francis

Brennan Patrick

Broughall James

Burke James

Burke James M.

Burke William

Butler M.

Byrne James

Byrne Michael

Byrne Patrick

Byrne William

Caffery Joseph

Campbell George

Campbell Richard

Campion Finton

Campion Patrick

Carroll Luke

Carroll Patrick

Casey William

Caulfield Nicholas

Clarke Denis

Clowry William

Coady Daniel

Codd John

Coffey Thomas

Collins Patrick

Comerford Peter

Conlan John

Conway James

Cooney John

Corbet Michael

Corbet Robert

Cosgrave Patrick

Crotty Francis

Cullen Gerard

Daly Thomas

Darcy Patrick

Delaney Edward

Dempsey Michael

Devereux James

Devereux Nicholas

Devereux Richard

Doherty James

Doherty Michael

Dowling Patrick

Downey John

Downey John

Doyle Thomas

Duggan Richard

Dunbar Joseph

Dunne John

Dunne Michael

Dunne Patrick

English W.

Fenlon Edward

Field Patrick

Fleming James

Flood John

Flood Thomas

Flynn Patrick

Fox Matthew

Gannan John

Gannon John

Golden John

Griffin Michael

Hayden William

Healy Patrick

Healy William

Hearn John

Hennessy Patrick

Herrernan Richard

Holohan James

Horan ????

Hughes John

Kavanagh Edward

Kavanagh Eugene

Keane Michael

Kehoe Daniel

Kelly Edward

Kelly Francis

Kelly Jeremiah

Kelly Laurence

Kenny Robert

Kent George

Kirwan James

Kirwan Michael

Lalor Thomas

Lawler Michael

Lenihan ????

Lynch Daniel

Lynch Henry

Lynch James

Lynch Michael

Lyne Maurice

Maher Hatrick (sic)

Maher Laurence

Maher P.

Maher William

Maher William

Malone Denis

Martin Terence

McAuliffe John

McCrea Joseph

McDonald ????

McElroy Bernard

McGrath John

McGuigan James

McGuigan Neil

McKenna Bernard

McKenna Laurence

McKeogh William

McLoughlin James

McNally John

McWey Simon

Molloy Patrick

Monahan James

Morris Matthew

Morris Michael

Mulholland Bernard

Neville ????

Nolan Joseph

Noonan Daniel

Noonan Joseph

O’Brien James

O’Brien James

O’Brien Patrick

O’Connor Patrick

O’Dempsey Patrick

O’Dempsey Thomas

O’Gorman Daniel

O’Kane Peter

O’Keefe Arthur

O’Keefe Joseph

O’Loughlin ????

O’Meara John

O’Meara John

O’Meara Thomas

O’Reilly Edward

Phelan James

Phelan Patrick

Phelan Patrick

Power Patrick

Power Thomas

Rea Michael

Rice Richard

Rice William

Robinson James

Ryan James

Ryan Patrick

Ryan William

Scully John

Sheehan Patrick

Shiel Patrick

Shine Alfred

Shortis William

Skelly James

Slattery Denis

Slattery John

Slattery M.

Slattery W.

Smith Bernard

Smith George

Smyth Hugh

Stanton John

Stanton Thomas

Sullivan Daniel

Tidmarsh James

Treacy Matthew

Wall Patrick

Walsh Edward

Walshe Bernard

Walshe James

Walshe Thomas

Whelan Patrick

White Frank

White Thomas

Williams Henry

Williams William

Wrafter James

Wrafter John

Wyer John

Wyer Laurence

Wyer Richard

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